vrrm-8k_20181016.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 8-K

 

CURRENT REPORT

 

PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): October 16, 2018

 

VERRA MOBILITY CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

1-37979

81-3563824

(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)

(Commission
File Number)

(IRS Employer
Identification No.)

 

1150 N. Alma School Road
Mesa, Arizona
(Address of principal executive offices)

85201
(Zip Code)

(480) 443-7000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Gores Holdings II, Inc.

9800 Wilshire Blvd.

Beverly Hills, California 90212

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

 

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§ 230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§ 240.12b-2 of this chapter).

Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

 

 

 


Introductory Note

On October 17, 2018 (the “Closing Date”), the registrant consummated the previously announced business combination pursuant to that certain Agreement and Plan of Merger dated June 21, 2018 by and among Gores Holdings II, Inc. (“Gores Holdings II”), AM Merger Sub I, Inc. (“First Merger Sub”), AM Merger Sub II, LLC (“Second Merger Sub”), Greenlight Holding II Corporation (“Greenlight”) and PE Greenlight Holdings, LLC (the “Platinum Stockholder” or, in its capacity as the Stockholder Representative, the “Stockholder Representative”), as amended on August 23, 2018 by Amendment No. 1 to Agreement and Plan of Merger (as amended, the “Merger Agreement”), which provided for: (i) the merger of First Merger Sub with and into Greenlight, with Greenlight continuing as the surviving corporation (the “First Merger”) and (ii) immediately following the First Merger and as part of the same overall transaction as the First Merger, the merger of Greenlight with and into Second Merger Sub with Second Merger Sub continuing as the surviving entity (the “Second Merger” and, together with the First Merger, the “Merger” and, together with the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, the “Business Combination”).  As a result of the First Merger, the registrant owns 100% of the outstanding common stock of Greenlight and each share of common stock of Greenlight has been cancelled and converted into the right to receive a portion of the consideration payable in connection with the Merger.  As a result of the Second Merger, the registrant owns 100% of the outstanding interests in the Second Merger Sub.  In connection with the closing of the Business Combination (the “Closing”), the registrant owns, directly or indirectly, 100% of the stock of Greenlight and its subsidiaries and the stockholders of Greenlight as of immediately prior to the effective time of the First Merger (the “Greenlight Stockholders”) hold a portion of the Class A Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of the registrant (the “Class A Stock”).

In connection with the Closing, the registrant changed its name from Gores Holdings II, Inc. to Verra Mobility Corporation.  Unless the context otherwise requires, in this Current Report on Form 8-K, the “registrant” and the “Company” refer to Gores Holdings II, Inc. prior to the Closing and to the combined company and its subsidiaries following the Closing and “Verra Mobility” refers to the business of Verra Mobility Corporation prior to the Closing.

Item 1.01 Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.

Registration Rights Agreement

On the Closing Date, pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, the Company entered into that certain Amended and Restated Registration Rights Agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”) with Gores Sponsor II LLC (the “Sponsor”), the Greenlight Stockholders, Mr. Randall Bort, Mr. William Patton and Mr. Jeffrey Rea.  Messrs. Bort, Patton and Rea were the Company’s independent directors prior to the Business Combination and, together with the Sponsor, are collectively referred to herein as the “Gores Stockholders.”

Pursuant to the terms of the Registration Rights Agreement, (a) any outstanding share of Class A Stock or any other equity security of the Company (including (i) the warrants held by the Sponsor that were issued to it on the closing date of the Company’s initial public offering (the “IPO”), each of which is exercisable for one share of Class A Stock, in accordance with its terms (the “Private Placement Warrants”) and (ii) shares of Class A Stock issued or issuable upon the exercise of any other equity security) held by a party to the Registration Rights Agreement as of the Closing Date or thereafter acquired thereby (including the shares of Class A Stock issued upon exercise of any Private Placement Warrants) and shares of Class A Stock issued or issuable as earn-out shares to the Greenlight Stockholders pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement and (b) any other equity security of the Company issued or issuable with respect to any such share of Class A Stock by way of a stock dividend or stock split or in connection with a combination of shares, recapitalization, merger, consolidation or other reorganization or otherwise, will be entitled to registration rights.

The Registration Rights Agreement provides that the Company will, within 30 days after the Closing Date, file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) a shelf registration statement registering the resale of the registrable securities, including the shares of Class A Stock and Private Placement Warrants, held by the parties to the Registration Rights Agreement and will use its reasonable best efforts to have such registration statement declared effective as soon as practicable after the filing thereof, but in no event later than 60 days following the initial filing thereof or 90 days following the initial filing thereof if the Company receives SEC comments on such registration statement.  The Gores Stockholders and the Greenlight Stockholders are each entitled to make up to six demands, excluding short form demands, that the Company register shares of Class A Stock held by these parties.  In addition, the parties to the Registration Rights Agreement have certain “piggy-back” registration rights with respect to other offerings by the Company or other stockholders exercising a demand right.  The Company will bear the expenses incurred in connection with the filing of any registration statements filed pursuant to the terms of the Registration Rights Agreement.  The Company and the parties to the Registration Rights Agreement agree in the Registration Rights Agreement to provide customary indemnification in connection with offerings of the registrable securities effected pursuant to the terms of the Registration Rights Agreement.

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The foregoing description of the Registration Rights Agreement is not complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the complete text of the Registration Rights Agreement, a copy of which is filed as Exhibit 10.2 hereto and is incorporated herein by reference.

Investor Rights Agreement

On the Closing Date, pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, the Company and the Platinum Stockholder entered into that certain Investor Rights Agreement (the “Investor Rights Agreement”).  Pursuant to the Investor Rights Agreement, the Platinum Stockholder has the right to nominate up to three directors to the Company’s board of directors.  Initially, one of the three nominees will be the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, who will be nominated as a Class II director, and the other two nominees will be representatives of the Platinum Stockholder, each of whom will be nominated as a Class III director.  In addition, if one the of the Platinum Stockholder’s nominees is elected as a director, one of the Platinum Stockholder’s nominees will serve as the chairman of the board of directors and the Platinum Stockholder will have the right to appoint one representative to each committee of the board.  Subject to the rights described above, certain provisions of Delaware law and the Company’s charter documents, the Platinum Stockholder has the exclusive right to remove its respective directors from the board of directors, and the board of directors and the Platinum Stockholder shall take all necessary action, as described in the Investor Rights Agreement, to cause the removal of any of the Platinum Stockholder’s directors at the request of the Platinum Stockholder; and (b) the Platinum stockholder shall have the exclusive right to nominate for election to the board of directors, directors to fill vacancies created by reason of death, removal or resignation of the Platinum Stockholder’s directors, and the board of directors and the Platinum Stockholder shall take all such necessary action to cause any such vacancies to be filled by replacement directors nominated by the Platinum Stockholder as promptly as reasonably practicable.

The Platinum Stockholder’s right to designate directors to the board is subject to its ownership percentage of the total outstanding shares of Class A Stock.  If the Platinum Stockholder holds: (i) 25% or greater of the outstanding Class A Stock, it will have the right to nominate three directors; (ii) less than 25% but greater than or equal to 15% of the outstanding Class A Stock, it will have the right to nominate two directors; (iii) less than 15% but greater than or equal to 5% of the outstanding Class A Stock, it will have the right to nominate one director; and (iv) less than 5% of the outstanding Class A Stock, it will not have the right to nominate any directors.

The foregoing description of the Investor Rights Agreement is not complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the complete text of the Investor Rights Agreement, a copy of which is filed as Exhibit 10.3 hereto and is incorporated herein by reference.

Tax Receivable Agreement

On the Closing Date, pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, the Company, the Platinum Stockholder and the Stockholder Representative entered into that certain Tax Receivable Agreement (the “Tax Receivable Agreement”).  The Tax Receivable Agreement generally provides for the payment by the Company to the Platinum Stockholder of 50% of the net cash savings, if any, in U.S. federal, state and local income tax that the Company actually realizes (or is deemed to realize in certain circumstances) in periods after the Closing as a result of the increase in the tax basis of the intangible assets of Highway Toll Administration LLC (“HTA”) resulting from the acquisition of HTA by Verra Mobility in March 2018.  The Company generally will retain the benefit of the remaining 50% of these cash savings.

The foregoing description of the Tax Receivable Agreement is not complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the complete text of the Tax Receivable Agreement, a copy of which is filed as Exhibit 10.4 hereto and is incorporated herein by reference.

Incentive Plan

The Company’s board of directors approved the Verra Mobility Corporation 2018 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Incentive Plan”) on July 10, 2018, and the Company’s stockholders approved the Incentive Plan at the Special Meeting (as defined below).  The purpose of the Incentive Plan is to advance the interests of the Company and its stockholders by providing an incentive program that will enable the Company to attract, retain and award employees, consultants and directors and to provide them with an equity interest in the growth and profitability of the Company.  These incentives are provided through the grant of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance shares, performance units, other stock-based awards and cash-based awards.  The Incentive Plan is described in greater detail in the section of the Company’s definitive proxy statement filed with the SEC on October 2, 2018 (the “Proxy Statement”) entitled “Proposal No. 6 – Approval of the Incentive Plan, Including the Authorization of the Initial Share Reserve Under the Incentive Plan” beginning on page 224, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

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The foregoing description of the Incentive Plan is not complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the complete text of the Incentive Plan, a copy of which is attached hereto as Exhibit 10.16 and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 2.01 Completion of Acquisition or Disposition of Assets.

The disclosure set forth in the “Introductory Note” above is incorporated into this Item 2.01 by reference.  On October 16, 2018, the Business Combination was approved by the Company’s stockholders at a special meeting thereof (the “Special Meeting”), held in lieu of the 2018 annual meeting of the Company’s stockholders.

Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, the aggregate consideration paid for the Business Combination was approximately $2.3 billion.  The consideration paid to the Greenlight Stockholders consisted of a combination of cash and stock consideration.  The aggregate cash consideration paid to the Greenlight Stockholders was approximately $610.0 million, consisting of (i) approximately $403.3 million of cash available to the Company from the trust account that held the proceeds from the IPO, after giving effect to taxes payable and redemptions that were elected by the Company’s public stockholders, plus (ii) gross proceeds of approximately $400.0 million from the Company’s private placement of an aggregate of 43,478,261 shares of Class A Stock (the “Private Placement”) with a limited number of accredited investors (as defined by Rule 501 of Regulation D) without any form of general solicitation or general advertising pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), less (iii) certain transaction fees and expenses, including the payment of deferred underwriting commissions agreed to at the time of the IPO, less (iv) certain payments to participants in the Greenlight Holding Corporation 2018 Participation Plan, less (v) approximately $136.2 million used to repay a portion of the indebtedness of Verra Mobility immediately prior to the Closing, less (vi) approximately $4.7 million funded to the balance sheet of the Company.  The remainder of the consideration paid to the Greenlight Stockholders consisted of 66,381,911 newly issued shares of Class A Stock (the “Stock Consideration”).

The foregoing consideration paid to the Greenlight Stockholders may be further increased by amounts payable under the Tax Receivable Agreement, and amounts payable as earn-out shares of Class A Stock pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement.  In order to facilitate the Business Combination, the Sponsor agreed to the cancellation of approximately 3,478,261 shares of the Company’s Class F common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Class F Stock”), held by it and to the acquisition of shares of Class A Stock by the participants in the Private Placement (pursuant to subscription agreements entered into in connection therewith) at a discounted price per share of $9.20.  The remaining shares of Class F Stock were automatically converted into shares of Class A Stock on a one-for-one basis at the Closing and will continue to be subject to the transfer restrictions that were previously applicable to such shares of Class F Stock.

The material terms and conditions of the Merger Agreement are described in greater detail in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Proposal No. 1 – Approval of the Business Combination – The Merger Agreement” beginning on page 157, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Current Report on Form 8-K, including the information incorporated herein by reference, contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.  These forward-looking statements relate to expectations for future financial performance, business strategies or expectations for the Company’s business.  Specifically, forward-looking statements may include statements relating to:

 

the benefits of the Business Combination;

 

the future financial performance of the Company following the Business Combination;

 

changes in the market for Verra Mobility products and services; 

 

expansion plans and opportunities; and

 

other statements preceded by, followed by or that include the words “may,” “can,” “should,” “will,” “estimate,” “plan,” “project,” “forecast,” “intend,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “seek,” “target” or similar expressions.

These forward-looking statements are based on information available as of the date of this Current Report on Form 8-K and management’s current expectations, forecasts and assumptions, and involve a number of judgments, risks and uncertainties.  Accordingly, forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as representing the Company’s views as of any subsequent date.  The Company does not undertake any obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date they were made, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required under applicable securities laws.

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As a result of a number of known and unknown risks and uncertainties, the Company’s actual results or performance may be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.  Some factors that could cause actual results to differ include:

 

the inability to maintain the listing of the Class A Stock and public warrants on Nasdaq following the Business Combination;

 

the risk that the Business Combination disrupts current plans and operations as a result of the announcement and consummation of the transactions;

 

the ability to recognize the anticipated benefits of the Business Combination, which may be affected by, among other things, competition, the ability to integrate the combined businesses, and the ability of the combined business to grow and manage growth profitably;

 

costs related to the Business Combination;

 

the outcome of any legal proceedings that may be instituted against the Company following consummation of the Business Combination;

 

changes in applicable laws or regulations;

 

the inability to launch new Verra Mobility products or services or to profitably expand into new markets;

 

the possibility that the Company may be adversely affected by other economic, business, and/or competitive factors; and

 

other risks and uncertainties indicated or incorporated by reference in this Current Report on Form 8-K, including those set forth in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 64.

Business and Properties

The information set forth in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Information About Verra Mobility” beginning on page 255, including the information regarding the properties used in the business included in the subsection thereof entitled “—Properties” on page 266, and in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Information About the Company” beginning on page 234 is incorporated herein by reference.

The Company’s principal executive office is located at 1150 N. Alma School Road, Mesa, Arizona 85201.

Risk Factors

The information set forth in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 64 is incorporated herein by reference.

Selected Consolidated Historical Financial and Other Information

The information set forth in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Selected Consolidated Historical Financial and Other Information of Verra Mobility Corporation” beginning on page 54 is incorporated herein by reference.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

The information set forth in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Verra Mobility Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” beginning on page 267, including the information in the subsection thereof entitled “—Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” beginning on page 293, is incorporated herein by reference.

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Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management

The following table sets forth information known to the Company regarding beneficial ownership of shares of the Company’s common stock as of the Closing Date by:

 

each person known by the Company to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of the Company’s outstanding common stock;

 

each of the Company’s named executive officers and directors; and

 

all executive officers and directors as a group.

Beneficial ownership is determined according to the rules of the SEC, which generally provide that a person has beneficial ownership of a security if he, she or it possesses sole or shared voting or investment power over that security, including options, warrants and certain other derivative securities that are currently exercisable or will become exercisable within 60 days.

The percentage of beneficial ownership is based on 156,056,642 shares of Company common stock issued and outstanding as of the Closing Date, which calculation includes all shares of Class A Stock issued and outstanding as of the Closing Date, the only outstanding class of the Company’s common stock following the Business Combination.  All shares of Class F Stock were converted into shares of Class A Stock or cancelled in connection with the Closing.

Unless otherwise indicated and subject to community property laws and similar laws, the Company believes that all parties named in the table below have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of common stock beneficially owned by them.

 

Name and Address of Beneficial Owners

Number of
Shares

 

Ownership
Percentage (%)

Platinum Equity, LLC(1)(2)

59,891,293

 

37.7

PE Greenlight Holdings, LLC(2)

53,739,744

 

34.4

Alec Gores(3)

8,857,433

 

5.6

Randall Bort

25,000

 

*

Jay Geldmacher

-

 

*

Bryan Kelln(4)

-

 

*

Jacob Kotzubei(4)(5)

803,010

 

*

Jeffrey Rea

25,000

 

*

John Rexford

-

 

*

David Roberts

222,321

 

*

Patricia Chiodo

-

 

*

Vincent Brigidi

-

 

*

All directors and executive officers as a group (12 individuals)

1,075,331

 

*

_______________

 

*

Less than one percent.

 

 

(1)

Includes 3,540,344 shares of Class A Stock and warrants to purchase 2,611,205 shares of Class A Stock held directly by Platinum Equity, LLC. Mr. Tom Gores is the ultimate beneficial owner of Platinum Equity, LLC.  Mr. Tom Gores disclaims beneficial ownership of these securities except to the extent of any pecuniary interest therein.  The business address for Platinum Equity, LLC is 360 North Crescent Drive, South Building, Beverly Hills, CA, 90210.

 

 

(2)

Includes 53,739,744 shares of Class A Stock held directly by PE Greenlight Holdings, LLC. PE Greenlight Holdings, LLC is ultimately controlled by Platinum Equity, LLC, of which Mr. Tom Gores is the ultimate beneficial owner.  Mr. Tom Gores disclaims beneficial ownership of the shares of Class A Stock held directly by PE Greenlight Holdings, LLC except to the extent of any pecuniary interest therein.  The business address for PE Greenlight Holdings, LLC is 360 North Crescent Drive, South Building, Beverly Hills, CA, 90210.

 

 

(3)

Includes 4,144,577 shares of Class A Stock and warrants to purchase 3,492,401 shares of Class A Stock held by Gores Sponsor II, LLC which is controlled indirectly by Mr. Alec Gores.  Mr. Alec Gores may be deemed to beneficially own the securities held by Gores Sponsor II, LLC and ultimately exercises voting and dispositive power of the securities held by Gores Sponsor II, LLC.  Voting and disposition decisions with respect to such securities are made by Mr. Alec Gores.  Mr. Alec Gores disclaims beneficial ownership of these securities except to the extent of any pecuniary interest therein.

 

 

(4)

Disclaims beneficial ownership of any shares of Class A Stock that he may be deemed to beneficially own because of his affiliation with Platinum Equity, LLC, except to the extent of any pecuniary interest therein.

 

 

(5)

Includes warrants to purchase 340,861 shares of Class A Stock.

 

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Directors and Executive Officers

Information with respect to the Company’s directors and executive officers immediately after the Closing, including biographical information regarding these individuals, is set forth in the Proxy Statement in the section entitled “Management After the Business Combination” beginning on page 305, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

Each of Messrs. Randall Bort, Jay Geldmacher, Bryan Kelln, Jacob Kotzubei, Jeffrey Rea, John Rexford and David Roberts were elected by the Company’s stockholders at the Special Meeting to serve as directors of the Company, effective upon consummation of the Business Combination, at which time the size of the board was seven members.  Messrs. Bort and Rea were elected to serve as Class I directors with a term expiring at the Company’s 2019 annual meeting of stockholders; Messrs. Geldmacher, Rexford and Roberts were elected to serve as Class II directors with a term expiring at the Company’s 2020 annual meeting of stockholders; and Messrs. Kelln and Kotzubei were elected to serve as Class III directors with a term expiring at the Company’s 2021 annual meeting of stockholders.  Mr. Kotzubei was appointed to serve as the chairman of the board of directors.

Messrs. Bort, Geldmacher and Rexford will serve as members of the audit committee of the board of directors, with Mr. Rexford serving as its chairman.  Messrs. Bort and Rea will serve as members of the compensation committee, with Mr. Rea serving as its chairman.  Messrs. Geldmacher and Rexford will serve as members of the nominating and corporate governance committee, with Mr. Geldmacher serving as its chairman.  Information with respect to the Company’s audit committee and compensation committee is set forth in the Proxy Statement in the section entitled “Information About the Company – Committees of our Board” beginning on page 240 of the Proxy Statement, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

The nominating and corporate governance committee is responsible for, among other things, making recommendations regarding corporate governance, the composition of the Company’s board of directors, identification, evaluation and nomination of director candidates and the structure and composition of committees of the Company’s board of directors. The nominating and corporate governance committee has a written charter that sets forth the committee’s purpose and responsibilities, which, in addition to the items listed above, include:

 

establishing criteria for the selection of new members to the board of directors and its committees;

 

identifying and evaluating individuals qualified to become members of the board of directors and its committees, including those individuals recommended by the Company’s stockholders;

 

selecting, or recommending that the board of directors select, the director nominees;

 

recommending nominees to the board of directors to fill vacancies;

 

recommending to the board of directors the membership composition of the committees of the board of directors, including the number of members comprising the board of directors and its committees;

 

periodically reviewing director orientation and continuing education programs;

 

periodically reviewing the succession plans relating to positions held by executive officers, and making recommendations to the board of directors with respect to the selection of individuals to occupy those positions;

 

reviewing any director resignation that is made in accordance with the director resignation policy set forth in the Company’s corporate governance guidelines, and making recommendations to the board of directors regarding whether the director’s resignation should be accepted;

 

reviewing and recommending to the Company’s board of directors any amendments to the Company’s corporate governance policies;

 

overseeing the evaluation of the board and management and making recommendations to improve performance; and

 

evaluating its performance and reporting the results to the board of directors.

The nominating and corporate governance committee has the authority to retain advisors as the committee deems appropriate.

In connection with the consummation of the Business Combination, on the Closing Date, David Roberts was appointed to serve as the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer, Patricia Chiodo was appointed to serve as the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, Vincent Brigidi was appointed to serve as the Company’s Executive Vice President, Emerging Markets within Commercial Services Segment, Liz Caracciolo was appointed to serve as the Company’s Executive Vice President, Government Solutions Segment, Jonathan Routledge was appointed to serve as the Company’s Executive Vice President, Commercial Fleet Services, and Rebecca Collins was appointed to serve as the Company’s General Counsel.  

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In connection with the Closing, each of the Company’s executive officers prior to the Closing resigned from his respective position as an executive officer of the Company, in each case effective as of the effective time of the First Merger.

Executive Compensation

The compensation for the Company’s executive officers before the Closing is described in the Proxy Statement in the section entitled “Information About the Company – Executive Compensation” beginning on page 246, which information is incorporated herein by reference.  The compensation of the named executive officers of Verra Mobility is set forth in the Proxy Statement in the section entitled “Executive Compensation” beginning on page 298, which information is incorporated herein by reference.  The general compensation programs of the Company’s executive officers after the Business Combination are described in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Management After the Business Combination – Post-Combination Company Executive Compensation” beginning on page 309, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

The Incentive Plan was approved by the Company’s stockholders at the Special Meeting.  A description of the Incentive Plan is set forth in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Proposal No. 6 – Approval of the Incentive Plan, Including the Authorization of the Initial Share Reserve Under the Incentive Plan” beginning on page 224 and is incorporated herein by reference.  A copy of the complete text of the Incentive Plan is filed as Exhibit 10.16 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and is incorporated herein by reference.

Director Compensation

Each of the Company’s non-employee directors will be paid an annual cash retainer of $60,000 and will also receive an annual equity award with a grant date fair value of approximately $90,000, with one-year cliff vesting.  Additionally, the chairs of the audit committee, compensation committee and nominating and corporate governance committee will be paid an additional annual cash retainer of $20,000, $15,000 and $10,000, respectively, with non-chair members of these committees receiving an additional annual cash retainer of $10,000, $7,500 and $4,000, respectively.  The compensation committee intends to review this director compensation program in 2019 for purposes of 2020 director compensation.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

The information set forth in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions” beginning on page 327 and the information set forth under the headings “Registration Rights Agreement,” “Investor Rights Agreement” and “Tax Receivable Agreement” in Item 1.01 of this Current Report on Form 8-K is incorporated herein by reference.

Director Independence

Nasdaq listing standards require that a majority of the members of the board of directors be independent.  An “independent director” is defined generally as a person other than an officer or employee of a company or its subsidiaries or any other individual having a relationship which, in the opinion of the board of directors of such company, would interfere with the director’s exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director.

The Company currently has four “independent directors” as defined in the Nasdaq listing standards and applicable SEC rules and as determined by the board of directors using its business judgment: Messrs. Bort, Geldmacher, Rea and Rexford.

Legal Proceedings

Information about legal proceedings is set forth in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Information About Verra Mobility – Legal Proceedings” beginning on page 265 of the Proxy Statement, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

Market Price of and Dividends on the Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters

Information about the market price, number of stockholders and dividends for the Company’s securities is set forth in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Price Range of Securities and Dividends” on page 333, which information is incorporated herein by reference.  Additional information regarding holders of the Company’s securities is set forth under “Description of Company Securities” below.

Following the Closing, on October 18, 2018, the Class A Stock and publicly-traded warrants were listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbols “VRRM” and “VRRMW,” respectively.  The warrants may be delisted from Nasdaq if there is not a sufficient number of round lot holders within 30 days of the consummation of the Business Combination and if delisted, may be quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board or OTC Pink, an inter-dealer automated quotation system for equity securities that is not a national securities exchange.  The public units of the Company automatically separated into the component securities upon consummation of the Business Combination and, as a result, no longer trade as a separate security.

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Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

Information regarding unregistered sales of the Company’s securities is set forth in:  Part I, Item 5 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 20, 2017 and Item 3.02 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 21, 2018.

The description of the Stock Consideration under Item 2.01 of this Current Report on Form 8-K is incorporated herein by reference.  The issuances of the shares of the Class A Stock issued as Stock Consideration and in the Private Placement were not registered under the Securities Act in reliance on the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and/or Regulation D promulgated thereunder as a transaction by an issuer not involving a public offering without any form of general solicitation or general advertising.

Description of the Company’s Securities

Information regarding the Class A Stock and the Company’s warrants is included in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Description of Securities” beginning on page 311, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

The Company has authorized 261,000,000 shares of capital stock, consisting of (i) 260,000,000 shares of common stock, including (A) 250,000,000 shares of Class A Stock and (B) 10,000,000 shares of Class F Stock and (ii) 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share.  The outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock are fully paid and non-assessable.  As of the Closing Date, there were 156,056,642 shares of Class A Stock outstanding held of record by approximately 80 stockholders, no shares of preferred stock outstanding and 19,999,967 warrants to purchase shares of Class A Stock outstanding held of record by approximately seven holders.  Such numbers do not include Depository Trust Company participants or beneficial owners holding shares through nominee names.

Indemnification of Directors and Officers

Information about the indemnification of the Company’s directors and officers is set forth in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Information About the Company – Limitation on Liability and Indemnification of Officers and Directors” on page 246, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

Financial Statements, Supplementary Data and Exhibits

The information set forth in sections (a) and (b) of Item 9.01 of this Current Report on Form 8-K is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 2.03 Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of the Registrant.

The information regarding the Company’s material indebtedness following the Business Combination, including the asset-based revolving credit facility and first lien term loan, is set forth in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Verra Mobility’s Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources – Debt” beginning on page 290, which information is incorporated by reference herein.

Item 3.02 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities.

The description of the Stock Consideration set forth in Item 2.01 of this Current Report on Form 8-K is incorporated herein by reference.  The issuances of the shares of Class A Stock issued as Stock Consideration and in the Private Placement were not registered under the Securities Act in reliance on the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and/or Regulation D promulgated thereunder as a transaction by an issuer not involving a public offering without any form of general solicitation or general advertising.

Item 3.03 Material Modification to Rights of Security Holders.

On the Closing Date, the Company filed the Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company (the “A&R Certificate”) with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware.  The material terms of the A&R Certificate and the general effect upon the rights of holders of the Company’s capital stock are described in the sections of the Proxy Statement entitled “Proposal No. 3 – Approval of the Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation” and “Proposal No. 4 – Approval of Certain Governance Provisions in the Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation” beginning on pages 214 and 218 of the Proxy Statement, respectively, which information is incorporated herein by reference.  A copy of the A&R Certificate is filed as Exhibit 3.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and is incorporated herein by reference.

9


In addition, upon the Closing, pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, the Company amended and restated its bylaws.  A copy of the Company’s Amended and Restated Bylaws is filed as Exhibit 3.2 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 4.01 Changes in Registrant’s Certifying Accountant.

On the Closing Date, the audit committee of the Company’s board of directors approved a resolution appointing Ernst & Young LLP (“E&Y”) as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm to audit the Company’s consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, replacing KPMG LLP, which was dismissed from its role as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, effective immediately.  

Neither of KPMG LLP’s reports on the Company’s consolidated financial statements for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 contained an adverse opinion or a disclaimer of opinion, nor was either report qualified or modified as to uncertainty, audit scope or accounting principles.  Additionally, at no point during the fiscal years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 and the subsequent interim period through the Closing Date were there any (a) disagreements with KPMG LLP on any matter of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure or auditing scope or procedure, which disagreement(s), if not resolved to the satisfaction of KPMG LLP, would have caused it to make reference to the subject matter of the disagreement(s) in connection with its report, or (b) “reportable events” as that term is defined in Item 304(a)(1)(v) of Regulation S-K.

The Company has provided KPMG LLP with a copy of the foregoing disclosure and has requested that KPMG LLP furnish the Company with a letter addressed to the SEC stating whether or not it agrees with the statements made herein, each as required by applicable SEC rules.  A copy of KPMG LLP’s letter to the SEC will be filed as Exhibit 16.1 to an amendment to this Current Report on Form 8-K.

During the fiscal years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 and the subsequent interim period through the Closing Date, the Company did not consult with E&Y regarding any of the matters or events set forth in Item 304(a)(2)(i) and (ii) of Regulation S-K.

Item 5.01 Changes in Control of the Registrant.

The information set forth in the “Introductory Note” and in Item 2.01 of this Current Report on Form 8-K is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 5.02 Departure of Directors or Certain Officers; Election of Directors; Appointment of Certain Officers; Compensatory Arrangements of Certain Officers.

Incentive Plan

The information set forth in under the heading “Incentive Plan” in Item 1.01 of this Current Report on Form 8-K is incorporated herein by reference.

Directors and Executive Officers

The information regarding the Company’s officers and directors set forth under the headings “Directors and Executive Officers” and “Executive Compensation” in Item 2.01 of this Current Report on Form 8-K is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 5.03 Amendments to Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws; Change in Fiscal Year.

The information set forth in Item 3.03 of this Current Report on Form 8-K is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 5.06 Change in Shell Company Status.

As a result of the Business Combination, which fulfilled the definition of an “initial business combination” as required by the Company’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (the “Existing Certificate”), the Company ceased to be a shell company upon the Closing.  The material terms of the Business Combination are described in the section of the Proxy Statement entitled “Proposal No. 1 – Approval of the Business Combination” beginning on page 157, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

10


Item 5.07 Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.

On October 16, 2018, the Company held the Special Meeting, a special meeting of stockholders, at which holders of 43,840,211 shares of common stock (consisting of 33,840,211 shares of Class A Stock and 10,000,000 shares of Class F Stock) were present in person or by proxy, representing 87.68% of the voting power of the shares of the Company’s common stock as of September 24, 2018, the record date for the Special Meeting, and constituting a quorum for the transaction of business.  Each of the proposals listed below is described in more detail in the Proxy Statement and incorporated herein by reference.  A summary of the voting results at the Special Meeting for each of the proposals is set forth below:

1.  The stockholders approved the Merger Agreement and transactions contemplated thereby, including the Business Combination. 325,269 shares of Class A Stock were presented for redemption in connection with the Business Combination. The voting results for this proposal were as follows:

For

Against

Abstain

43,584,947

252,264

3,000

2.  The stockholders approved, for purposes of complying with applicable Nasdaq listing rules, the issuance of more than 20% of the Company’s issued and outstanding common stock in connection with the Business Combination and the Private Placement. The voting results for this proposal were as follows:

For

Against

Abstain

43,493,550

345,161

1,500

3.  The stockholders adopted the A&R Certificate. The voting results for this proposal were as follows:

For

Against

Abstain

43,468,523

277,291

94,397

4.  The stockholders approved, on a non-binding advisory basis, each separate proposal with respect to certain governance provisions in the A&R Certificate in accordance with SEC requirements.  The voting results for each separate proposal were as follows:

4A.  To amend the Existing Certificate to change the stockholder vote required to amend certain provisions of the post-combination company’s proposed certificate and bylaws:

For

Against

Abstain

37,294,826

6,545,385

0

4B.  To amend the Existing Certificate to elect not to be governed by Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporate Law (“DGCL”) and instead, include a provision in the Existing Certificate that is substantially similar to Section 203 of the DGCL, but excludes the investment funds affiliated with The Gores Group and Platinum Equity and their respective successors and affiliate from the definition of “interested stockholder,” and to make certain related changes:

For

Against

Abstain

39,308,555

4,438,759

92,897

4C.  To amend the Existing Certificate to increase the total number of authorized shares of all classes of common stock:

For

Against

Abstain

40,990,550

2,849,661

0

4D.  To amend the Existing Certificate to provide that certain transactions are not “corporate opportunities” and that each of Platinum Equity and the investment funds affiliated with Platinum Equity and their respective successors and affiliates will not be subject to the doctrine of corporate opportunity:

For

Against

Abstain

40,968,523

2,778,791

92,897

11


5.  The stockholders elected seven directors to serve staggered terms on the Company’s board of directors until the 2019, 2020 and 2021 annual meetings of stockholders, as applicable, and until their respective successors are duly elected and qualified. The voting results for each nominee were as follows:

 

Name

Class

For

Abstain

Randall Bort

I

43,158,207

682,004

Jay Geldmacher

II

43,293,645

546,566

Bryan Kelln

III

43,240,136

600,075

Jacob Kotzubei

III

43,240,136

600,075

Jeffrey Rea

I

43,158,207

682,004

John Rexford

II

43,293,645

546,566

David Roberts

II

43,240,136

600,075

Based on the votes set forth above, each director nominee was duly elected, each Class I director to serve until the Company’s 2019 annual meeting of stockholders, each Class II director to serve until the Company’s 2020 annual meeting of stockholders and each Class III director to serve until the Company’s 2021 annual meeting of stockholders, or in each case until their respective successors are duly elected and qualified, or until their earlier resignation, removal or death.

6.  The stockholders approved the Incentive Plan, including the authorization of the initial share reserve under the Incentive Plan. The voting results for this proposal were as follows:

For

Against

Abstain

43,467,023

370,188

3,000

7.  The stockholders approved the proposal to adjourn the Special Meeting to a later date or dates, if necessary, to permit further solicitation and vote of proxies if there are insufficient votes for, or otherwise in connection with, the approval of proposals 1, 2 and 3 described above.  The voting results for this proposal were as follows:

For

Against

Abstain

43,467,023

277,291

95,897

 

Item 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits.

 

(a)

Financial statements of businesses acquired

The following financial statements included in the Proxy Statement are incorporated herein by reference:

1.  The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Verra Mobility Corporation as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017 included in the Proxy Statement beginning on page FS-36 are incorporated herein by reference;

2.  The audited consolidated financial statements of Verra Mobility Corporation as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, and for the years ended December 31, 2016, December 31, 2015 and for the periods from January 1, 2017 through May 31, 2017 (Predecessor) and June 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017 (Successor) beginning on page FS-60 of the Proxy Statement;

3.  The combined financial statements of Highway Toll Administration, LLC, Canadian Highway Toll Administration, LTD, and Violation Management Solutions, LLC as of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 and for the years ended December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 beginning on page FS-99 of the Proxy Statement; and

4.  The financial statements of Euro Parking Collection PLC for the year ended 31 December 2017 beginning on page FS-116 of the Proxy Statement.

 

(b)

Pro Forma Financial Information

The unaudited pro forma condensed combined balance sheet and statements of operations as of and for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and for the year ended December 31, 2017 are filed as exhibit 99.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.

 

(c)

Exhibits

12


EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit

Number

 

Description

 

 

 

 

 

2.1+

 

Merger Agreement, dated as of June 21, 2018, by and among Gores Holdings II, Inc., AM Merger Sub I, Inc., AM Merger Sub II, LLC, Greenlight Holding II Corporation and PE Greenlight Holdings, LLC, in its capacity as the Stockholder Representative (filed as Exhibit 2.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K of the Company on June 21, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference).

 

 

 

 

 

2.2+

 

Amendment No. 1 to the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of August 23, 2018, by and among Gores Holdings II, Inc., Greenlight Holding II Corporation and the other parties thereto (filed as Exhibit 2.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K of the Company on August 24, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference).

 

 

 

 

 

2.3+

 

Unit Purchase Agreement, dated February 3, 2018, by and among ATS Consolidated, Inc., Greenlight Holding II Corporation, Greenlight Holding Corporation, HTA Holdings, Inc., Greater Horizons, David Centner and Leila Centner.

 

 

 

 

 

2.4+

 

Share Purchase Agreement, dated April 6, 2018, by and among ATS Consolidated, Inc., Greenlight Holding II Corporation, EPC Holdco Limited and Watrium AS.

 

 

 

 

 

3.1

 

Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Verra Mobility Corporation.

 

 

 

 

 

3.2

 

Amended and Restated Bylaws of Verra Mobility Corporation.

 

 

 

 

 

4.1

 

Specimen Class A Common Stock Certificate (filed as Exhibit 4.2 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-215033) of the Company on December 9, 2016 and incorporated herein by reference).

 

 

 

 

 

4.2

 

Specimen Warrant Certificate (filed as Exhibit 4.3 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-215033) of the Company on December 9, 2016 and incorporated herein by reference).

 

 

 

 

 

4.3

 

Warrant Agreement, dated January 12, 2017, between the Company and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as warrant agent (filed as Exhibit 4.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K of the Company on January 19, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference).

 

 

 

 

 

10.1

 

Form of Subscription Agreement (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K of the Company on June 21, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference).

 

 

 

 

 

10.2

 

Amended and Restated Registration Rights Agreement dated October 17, 2018, by and among Verra Mobility Corporation, Gores Sponsor II LLC, Randall Bort, William Patton, Jeffrey Rea and the stockholders of Greenlight Holding II Corporation.

 

 

 

 

 

10.3

 

Investor Rights Agreement dated October 17, 2018, by and among Verra Mobility Corporation and PE Greenlight Holdings, LLC.

 

 

 

 

 

10.4

 

Tax Receivable Agreement dated October 17, 2018, by and among Verra Mobility Corporation, the persons identified as “Stockholders” on Schedule 1 thereto, and PE Greenlight Holdings, LLC, solely in its capacity as the stockholders’ representative thereunder.

 

 

 

 

 

10.5

 

Revolving Credit Agreement dated as of March 1, 2018 among Greenlight Acquisition Corporation, ATS Consolidated Inc., each of the other borrowers party thereto, the lenders party thereto and Bank of America, N.A. as Administrative Agent and Collateral Agent.

 

 

 

 

 

10.6

 

First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement dated as of March 1, 2018 among Greenlight Acquisition Corporation, ATS Consolidated, Inc., American Traffic Solutions, Inc., Lasercraft, Inc., the lenders party thereto and Bank of America, N.A. as Administrative Agent and Collateral Agent.

 

13


Exhibit

Number

 

Description

 

 

 

 

 

10.7

 

Amendment No. 1 to Revolving Credit Agreement dated as of July 24, 2018 among Greenlight Acquisition Corporation, Verra Mobility Corporation (f/k/a ATS Consolidated Inc.), each of the other borrowers party thereto, the lenders party thereto and Bank of America, N.A. as Administrative Agent and Collateral Agent.

 

 

 

 

 

10.8

 

Amendment No. 1 to First Lien Term Loan Credit Agreement dated as of July 24, 2018 among Greenlight Acquisition Corporation, Verra Mobility Corporation (f/k/a ATS Consolidated, Inc.), American Traffic Solutions, Inc., Lasercraft, Inc., the lenders party thereto and Bank of America, N.A. as Administrative Agent and Collateral Agent.

 

 

 

 

 

10.9#

 

Employee Offer Letter by and between American Traffic Solutions, Inc. and David Roberts, dated June 27, 2014.

 

 

 

 

 

10.10#

 

Offer Letter Revision by and between American Traffic Solutions, Inc. and David Roberts, dated as of December 22, 2014.

 

 

 

 

 

10.11#

 

Employee Offer Letter by and between American Traffic Solutions, Inc. and Patricia Chiodo, dated May 15, 2015.

 

 

 

 

 

10.12#

 

Offer Letter Revision by and between American Traffic Solutions, Inc. and Patricia Chiodo, dated as of June 1, 2015.

 

 

 

 

 

10.13#

 

Employee Offer Letter by and between American Traffic Solutions, Inc. and Vincent Brigidi, dated September 30, 2014.

 

 

 

 

 

10.14#

 

Revisions to Employment Terms by and between American Traffic Solutions, Inc. and Vincent Brigidi, dated as of February 29, 2016.

 

 

 

 

 

10.15#

 

2017 Leadership Bonus Plan.

 

 

 

 

 

10.16#

 

2018 Annual Incentive Bonus Plan.

 

 

 

 

 

10.17#

 

Verra Mobility Corporation 2018 Equity Incentive Plan.

 

 

 

 

 

10.18#

 

Form of Notice of Grant of Restricted Stock Unit and Agreement under the Verra Mobility Corporation 2018 Equity Incentive Plan.

 

 

 

 

 

10.19#

 

Form of Notice of Grant of Restricted Stock Unit and Agreement for Non-U.S. Participants under the Verra Mobility Corporation 2018 Equity Incentive Plan.

 

 

 

 

 

10.20#

 

Form of Greenlight Holding Corporation 2018 Participation Plan Termination Agreement.

 

 

 

 

 

10.21#

 

Form of Indemnity Agreement (filed as Exhibit 10.7 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-215033) of the Company on December 9, 2016 and incorporated herein by reference).  

 

 

 

 

 

16.1*

 

Letter from KPMG LLP to the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

 

 

 

 

21.1

 

Subsidiaries of the Registrant.

 

 

 

 

 

99.1

 

Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Statements of Verra Mobility Corporation and its subsidiaries.

 

 

+

The Company agrees to furnish supplementally to the SEC a copy of any omitted schedule or exhibit upon the request of the SEC in accordance with Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K.

#

Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.

*

To be filed by amendment.


14


SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 

Dated:  October 22, 2018

Verra Mobility Corporation

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Patricia Chiodo

 

Name:

Patricia Chiodo

 

Title:

Chief Financial Officer

 

15

vrrm-ex23_9.htm

Exhibit 2.3

 

Execution Version

 

UNIT PURCHASE AGREEMENT

among

ATS CONSOLIDATED, INC.,

as the Buyer,

GREENLIGHT HOLDING II CORPORATION,

as the Issuer,

GREENLIGHT HOLDING CORPORATION,

as Parent,

HTA HOLDINGS, INC., GREATER HORIZONS, and
DAVID CENTNER

as the Sellers, and

LEILA CENTNER

solely for the purposes of Section 5.13, Section 10.16 and Article X (to the extent applicable to Section 5.13 or Section 10.16) hereof

Dated as of February 3, 2018

 

 

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

ARTICLE I DEFINITIONS

 

2

Section 1.1

 

Certain Defined Terms

 

2

Section 1.2

 

Table of Definitions

 

13

 

 

 

ARTICLE II PURCHASE AND SALE

 

16

Section 2.1

 

The Parent Contribution and Rollover

 

16

Section 2.2

 

Purchase and Sale of the Units

 

16

Section 2.3

 

Closing

 

16

Section 2.4

 

Closing Estimates

 

18

Section 2.5

 

Post-Closing Adjustment of Purchase Price

 

18

Section 2.6

 

Withholding

 

21

Section 2.7

 

Further Assurances

 

21

Section 2.8

 

Structure

 

22

 

 

 

ARTICLE III REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE SELLERS

 

22

Section 3.1

 

Organization and Qualification

 

22

Section 3.2

 

Authority

 

23

Section 3.3

 

No Conflict; Required Filings and Consents

 

23

Section 3.4

 

Equity Ownership

 

24

Section 3.5

 

Capitalization

 

25

Section 3.6

 

Equity Interests

 

25

Section 3.7

 

Financial Statements; No Undisclosed Liabilities; Projections

 

25

Section 3.8

 

Absence of Certain Changes or Events

 

27

Section 3.9

 

Compliance with Law; Permits

 

27

Section 3.10

 

Litigation

 

28

Section 3.11

 

Intentionally Omitted.

 

28

Section 3.12

 

Employee Benefit Plans

 

28

Section 3.13

 

Labor and Employment Matters

 

31

Section 3.14

 

Title to, Sufficiency and Condition of Assets

 

32

Section 3.15

 

Real Property

 

33

Section 3.16

 

Intellectual Property

 

33

Section 3.17

 

Taxes

 

36

Section 3.18

 

Environmental Matters

 

38

Section 3.19

 

Material Contracts

 

40

Section 3.20

 

Affiliate Interests and Transactions

 

42

Section 3.21

 

Insurance

 

43

Section 3.22

 

Privacy and Security

 

43

Section 3.23

 

Customers and Suppliers

 

45

Section 3.24

 

Government Contracts.

 

46

Section 3.25

 

Product Liability and Product Warranty

 

46

Section 3.26

 

Rollover

 

47

Section 3.27

 

Intentionally Omitted

 

49

i


TABLE OF CONTENTS
(Continued)

 

 

 

Page

Section 3.28

 

Brokers

 

49

Section 3.29

 

Exclusivity of Representations and Warranties

 

49

 

 

 

ARTICLE IV REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE BUYER AND THE ISSUER

 

49

Section 4.1

 

Organization

 

49

Section 4.2

 

Authority

 

50

Section 4.3

 

No Conflict; Required Filings and Consents

 

50

Section 4.4

 

Financing

 

51

Section 4.5

 

Solvency

 

51

Section 4.6

 

Brokers

 

52

Section 4.7

 

Investment Intent

 

52

Section 4.8

 

Issuer Shares

 

52

Section 4.9

 

Equity Interests

 

54

Section 4.10

 

Buyer Financial Statements

 

54

Section 4.11

 

Affiliate Interests and Transactions

 

55

Section 4.12

 

Exclusivity of Representations and Warranties

 

55

 

 

 

ARTICLE V COVENANTS

 

56

Section 5.1

 

Conduct of Business Prior to the Closing

 

56

Section 5.2

 

Covenants Regarding Information

 

59

Section 5.3

 

Exclusivity

 

59

Section 5.4

 

Notification of Certain Matters

 

60

Section 5.5

 

Intercompany Arrangements; Personal Guarantees; Closing Employee Payment Releases

 

60

Section 5.6

 

Resignations

 

61

Section 5.7

 

Confidentiality

 

61

Section 5.8

 

Consents and Filings; Further Assurances

 

62

Section 5.9

 

Termination of Indebtedness

 

63

Section 5.10

 

Public Announcements

 

63

Section 5.11

 

Financing

 

63

Section 5.12

 

Reasonable Cooperation; Excluded Employees

 

67

Section 5.13

 

Non-Competition and Related Covenants

 

68

Section 5.14

 

Change of  Entity Names; Cessation of Use of Intellectual Property

 

70

Section 5.15

 

Insurance Return Premiums

 

70

Section 5.16

 

Securityholders Agreement

 

70

 

 

 

ARTICLE VI TAX MATTERS

 

70

Section 6.1

 

Purchase Price Allocation

 

70

Section 6.2

 

Tax Returns

 

72

Section 6.3

 

Cooperation and Assistance

 

72

Section 6.4

 

Transfer Taxes

 

72

Section 6.5

 

Tax Sharing Agreements

 

73

Section 6.6

 

Contests

 

73

Section 6.7

 

Adjustment for Additional Taxes

 

74

ii


TABLE OF CONTENTS
(Continued)

 

 

 

Page

Section 6.8

 

Section 754 Election; Section 338 Election

 

78

 

 

 

ARTICLE VII CONDITIONS TO CLOSING

 

79

Section 7.1

 

General Conditions

 

79

Section 7.2

 

Conditions to Obligations of the Sellers

 

79

Section 7.3

 

Conditions to Obligations of the Buyer and the Issuer

 

80

 

 

 

ARTICLE VIII INDEMNIFICATION

 

82

Section 8.1

 

Survival

 

82

Section 8.2

 

Indemnification by the Sellers

 

83

Section 8.3

 

Indemnification by the Buyer

 

84

Section 8.4

 

Procedures

 

84

Section 8.5

 

Limits on Indemnification

 

86

Section 8.6

 

Indemnity Escrow Fund

 

87

Section 8.7

 

Treatment of Indemnification Payments

 

88

Section 8.8

 

Exclusive Remedy

 

88

 

 

 

ARTICLE IX TERMINATION

 

88

Section 9.1

 

Termination

 

88

Section 9.2

 

Effect of Termination

 

89

Section 9.3

 

Reverse Termination Fee; Limitation on Liability

 

90

 

 

 

ARTICLE X GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

91

Section 10.1

 

Amendment or Supplement

 

91

Section 10.2

 

Waiver

 

91

Section 10.3

 

Notices

 

92

Section 10.4

 

Interpretation

 

93

Section 10.5

 

Entire Agreement

 

94

Section 10.6

 

No Third-Party Beneficiaries

 

94

Section 10.7

 

Governing Law

 

94

Section 10.8

 

Submission to Jurisdiction

 

95

Section 10.9

 

Assignment; Successors

 

96

Section 10.10

 

Enforcement

 

96

Section 10.11

 

Currency

 

97

Section 10.12

 

Severability

 

97

Section 10.13

 

Waiver of Jury Trial

 

97

Section 10.14

 

Counterparts

 

97

Section 10.15

 

Facsimile or .pdf Signature

 

97

Section 10.16

 

Release

 

97

Section 10.17

 

No Presumption Against Drafting Party

 

99

Section 10.18

 

Non-Recourse

 

99

Section 10.19

 

Fees and Expenses

 

99

Section 10.20

 

Waiver of Conflicts

 

99

Section 10.21

 

Seller Representative

 

100

 

 

 

 

 

iii


TABLE OF CONTENTS
(Continued)

 

 

Exhibit A

Form of Escrow Agreement

Exhibit B

Form of Securityholders Agreement

Exhibit C

Form of Certification of Non-Foreign Status

Exhibit D

Excluded Assets

Exhibit E

New Lease

Exhibit F

Net Working Capital Methodologies

 

 

 

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UNIT PURCHASE AGREEMENT

UNIT PURCHASE AGREEMENT, dated as of February 3, 2018 (this “Agreement”), by and among ATS Consolidated, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Buyer”), Greenlight Holding II Corporation, a Delaware corporation (the “Issuer”), Greenlight Holding Corporation, a Delaware corporation and indirect parent of the Buyer (“Parent”), HTA Holdings, Inc., a New York corporation (“HTA Holdings”), David Centner (together with HTA Holdings, the “HTA Sellers”), Greater Horizons, a Missouri not-for-profit corporation (the “Charity” and together with the HTA Sellers, the “Sellers” and each a “Seller”), and, solely for the purposes of Section 5.13, Section 10.16 and Article X (to the extent applicable to Section 5.13 or Section 10.16) hereof, Leila Center.

RECITALS

A.    As of the date hereof, the Sellers own (i) 100% of the issued and outstanding membership interests (the “HTA Units”) of Highway Toll Administration, LLC, a New York limited liability company (“HTA LLC”), and (ii) 100% of the equity interests (the “Canada Interests” and, together with the HTA Units, the “Units”) in Canadian Highway Toll Administration, LTD, a British Columbia corporation (“Canada” and, together with HTA LLC, collectively, the “Company”).

B.    Prior to the Closing, HTA LLC will distribute the assets listed on Exhibit D attached hereto (the “Excluded Assets” ) to HTA Holdings.

C.    Immediately prior to the Closing, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Issuer shall be merged with and into Parent, the separate corporate existence of such subsidiary shall cease, and Parent shall continue as the surviving corporation in the merger as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Issuer (the “Parent Contribution” ).

D.    At the Closing immediately prior to the Purchase and Sale Transaction, HTA Holdings shall contribute 4.90% of the HTA Units (the “Rollover Units”) to the Issuer in exchange for 5.26315790 shares of Issuer Non-Voting Common Stock (the “Issuer Shares” and such exchange, the “Rollover” ) in accordance with the terms and conditions of this Agreement.

E.    At the Closing, immediately following the Rollover, the Buyer shall pay or cause to be paid to the Sellers the Estimated Purchase Price in accordance with the terms of this Agreement in exchange for the sale by the Sellers to the Buyer of 100% of the Units (other than the Rollover Units) in accordance with the terms and conditions of this Agreement (the “Purchase and Sale Transaction”).

 

 


 

AGREEMENT

In consideration of the foregoing and the mutual covenants and agreements herein contained, and intending to be legally bound hereby, the Parties agree as follows:

Article I
DEFINITIONS

Section 1.1Certain Defined Terms.  For purposes of this Agreement:

Action” means any claim, demand, action, suit, inquiry, proceeding, audit, civil, criminal or administrative action or enforcement proceeding, complaint, injunction, hearing, order, settlement, examination or investigation by or before any Governmental Authority, or any other arbitration, mediation or other proceeding.

Affiliate” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such first Person.

Ancillary Agreements” means the Securityholders Agreement, the Escrow Agreement, the Closing Employee Payment Releases and all other agreements, documents and instruments required to be delivered by any Party pursuant to this Agreement, and any other agreements, documents or instruments entered into at or prior to the Closing in connection with this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby; provided, that solely for the purposes of Section 7.2(b) and Section 7.3(d), the Closing Employee Payment Releases will not be considered Ancillary Agreements.

Business” means the business of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries as previously or currently conducted and as currently in the process of being established by the Company or its Subsidiaries, including the Company’s business of developing, manufacturing, marketing, selling and otherwise providing products, hardware, software, mobile applications, materials and tolling, violation or title and registration administrative services for consumers, fleet management companies and/or rental car companies for toll collection and violation processing.

Business Day” means any day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday or other day on which banks are required or authorized by Law to be closed in The City of New York.

Cash” means, as of the Cut-off Time, all unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities of the Company and its Subsidiaries, including all deposited (but not yet cleared) checks and inbound wires and excluding cash collateralizing any letter of credit obligations and net of the aggregate amount of all outstanding checks and outbound wires in transit; provided, however, Cash shall not include any cash, cash equivalents or marketable securities of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries that are not available for disbursement because of any contractual restriction binding upon the Company, its Subsidiaries or any of their respective assets.  

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Change of Controlmeans the consummation of a transaction, whether in a single transaction or in a series of related transactions, with a Person or Persons who are not Affiliates of the Buyer or Issuer, pursuant to which such Person or Persons (I) acquire (whether by merger, consolidation, recapitalization, reorganization, redemption, transfer or issuance of capital stock or otherwise), directly or indirectly (a) securities of the Buyer (or any surviving or resulting Person) possessing the voting power to elect a majority of the Board of Directors of the Buyer (or governing body of such surviving or resulting Person), or (b) assets constituting all or substantially all of the assets of the Buyer and its Subsidiaries (as determined on a consolidated basis) or (II) exclusively license all or substantially all of the intellectual property of the Buyer; provided that in no event shall a Change of Control be deemed to include any transaction effected for the purpose of (i) changing, directly or indirectly, the form of organization or the organizational structure of the Buyer or any of its Subsidiaries or (ii) contributing equity securities to entities controlled by the Buyer, in either case unless following or contemporaneously with such transaction a Person or Persons who are not Affiliates of the Buyer or Issuer makes an acquisition described in clause (a) or (b) above.

Clean Team” means the Clean Team as defined in that certain Clean Team Confidentiality Agreement dated January 16, 2018 by and among HTA LLC, the Buyer and Platinum.

Closing Employee Payments” means (i) any payment in respect of any stock appreciation right, phantom stock, stock option, interest in the ownership or earnings of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or other equity equivalent or equity-based award or right and (ii) any change of control payments, bonuses, severance, termination, or retention obligations or similar amounts, in each case payable in the future or due by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby, including any Taxes payable in connection therewith.

Closing Employee Payment Release” means, with respect to each payee of a Closing Employee Payment, a general release in form and substance reasonably acceptable to the Buyer.

Conflicting Organization” means any Person other than the Company or its Subsidiaries that is (a) engaged in the same business as the Business or (b) is about to become engaged in the material design, development, manufacture, licensing, sale, marketing, or support of any products or services offered by the Business.

Contract” means any contract, agreement, arrangement or understanding, whether written or oral and whether express or implied.

control,” including the terms “controlled by” and “under common control with,” means the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a Person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, as trustee or executor, as general partner or managing member, by Contract or otherwise, including the ownership, directly or indirectly, of securities having the power to elect a majority of the board of directors or similar body governing the affairs of such Person.

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Copyleft License” means any license of Open Source Software that requires, as a condition of use, modification and/or distribution of such Open Source Software, that such Open Source Software, or any Software integrated with, derived from, used, or distributed with such Open Source Software or into which such Open Source Software is incorporate: (i) be made available or distributed in source code form; (ii) be licensed for the purpose of preparing derivative works; or (iii) be redistributable at no license fee.  Copyleft Licenses include the GNU General Public License and the GNU Lesser General Public License.

Cut-off Time” means 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on the Business Day immediately preceding the Closing Date.

Encumbrance” means any charge, claim, limitation, condition, equitable interest, mortgage, lien, option, pledge, security interest, easement, encroachment, right of first refusal, adverse claim or restriction of any kind, including any restriction on transfer or other assignment, as security or otherwise, of or relating to use, quiet enjoyment, voting, transfer, receipt of income or exercise of any other attribute of ownership.

Enterprise Value” means $525,000,000.

EPC” means Euro Parking Collection plc, a public limited company with registered number 03515275, whose registered office is at Unit 6, Shepperton House, 83-93 Shepperton Road, London, N1 3DF.

EPC Transaction” means the direct or indirect acquisition (whether by means of a merger, business combination, stock sale, asset sale or other similar transaction) by the Buyer and/or its Affiliates of EPC and/or its Affiliates and/or their respective businesses at any time after the date hereof.

ERISA Affiliate” means any trade or business, whether or not incorporated, under common control with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and that, together with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, is treated as a single employer within the meaning of Section 414(b), (c), (m) or (o) of the Code.

Escrow Agent” means Citibank, N.A., or its successor under the Escrow Agreement.

Escrow Agreement” means the Escrow Agreement to be entered into by the Buyer, the Sellers and the Escrow Agent, substantially in the form of Exhibit A.

Estimated Purchase Price” means (i) the Enterprise Value, plus (ii) the Estimated Cash, plus (iii) the Working Capital Overage, if any, minus (iv) the Estimated Indebtedness, minus (v) the Working Capital Underage, if any, minus (vi) the Indemnity Escrow Amount, minus (vii) the Estimated Transaction Expenses.  

Financing Sources” means the lenders, lead arrangers, bookrunners, syndication agents, administrative agents or similar entities that have committed to provide or to cause to provide, or otherwise entered into agreements in connection with, the Debt Financing or other financings in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby, including the parties to the

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Debt Financing Commitment and any such Persons that have not executed a Debt Financing Commitment as of the date hereof but become a party thereto after the date hereof in accordance with the terms thereof.

Financing Source Parties” means, collectively, the Financing Sources, their current or future Affiliates and such Persons’ and their Affiliates’ respective current, former and future directors, officers, general or limited partners, shareholders, members, managers, controlling persons, employees, representatives and agents, and the respective successors and assigns of each of the foregoing.

GAAP” means United States generally accepted accounting principles and practices as in effect on the date hereof.

Government Contract” means any (i) prime contract, grant agreement, cooperative agreement or other type of Contract with a Governmental Authority to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party or (ii) any subcontract under any such Contract to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party.

Governmental Authority” means any United States or non-United States federal, national, supranational, state, provincial, local or similar government, governmental, regulatory or administrative authority, branch, agency or commission or any court, tribunal, or arbitral or judicial body (including any grand jury).

HSR Filing Fee” means the filing fee paid by the Buyer or its Affiliates prior to the date hereof pursuant to the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended.

Immediate Family” means, with respect to any specified Person, such Person’s spouse, parents, children, grandparents, grandchildren and siblings, including adoptive relationships and relationships through marriage, or any other relative of such Person that shares such Person’s home.

Indebtedness” means, without duplication (but before taking account of the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby), (i) the unpaid principal amount of accrued interest, premiums, penalties and other fees, expenses (if any), and other payment obligations and amounts due (including such amounts that would become due as a result of the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement) that would be required to be paid by a borrower to a lender pursuant to a customary payoff letter, in each case, in respect of (A) all indebtedness for borrowed money of the Company and its Subsidiaries, (B) indebtedness evidenced by notes, debentures, bonds or other similar instruments, and (C) all obligations with respect to interest-rate hedging, swaps or similar financial arrangements (valued at the termination value thereof and net of all payments owed to the Company or its Affiliates thereunder); (ii) all obligations under capitalized leases with respect to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is liable, determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP; (iii) any amounts for the deferred purchase price of goods and services, including any earn out liabilities associated with past acquisitions; (iv) only to the extent not included in Net Working Capital, all liabilities with respect to any current or former employee, officer or director of the

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Company or any of its Subsidiaries that arise before or on the Closing Date, including all liabilities with respect to any Plan, all accrued salary, deferred compensation and vacation obligations, all workers’ compensation claims, any liability in respect of accrued but unpaid bonuses for the prior fiscal year and for the period commencing on the first day of the Company’s current fiscal year and ending on the Closing Date, and any employment Taxes payable by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries with respect to the foregoing; (v) unpaid management fees; (vi) all deposits and monies received in advance, (vii) all indebtedness created or arising under any conditional sale or other title retention agreement with respect to property acquired by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries; (viii) any Indemnified Taxes (which shall not be an amount less than zero and shall not include any offsets or reductions with respect to Tax refunds or overpayments of Tax); and (ix) all obligations of the type referred to in clauses (i) through (viii) of other Persons for the payment of which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is responsible or liable, as obligor, guarantor, surety or otherwise, including any guarantee of such obligations.  Indebtedness shall not include any item that is taken into account in the definition of “Net Working Capital” or “Closing Employee Payments” or any of the items set forth on Schedule 1.1(b).

Indemnified Taxes” means, without duplication, all Taxes (A) for which the Company or its Subsidiaries is or could be liable (i) with respect to any Pre-Closing Tax Period, (ii) as a result of being a member of an affiliated, consolidated, combined, unitary or similar group prior to the Closing, (iii) as a transferee or successor, by Contract or pursuant to any Law, which Taxes relate to an event or transaction occurring before the Closing Date, or (iv) as a result of any deemed repatriation of any earnings and profits of any non-U.S. Subsidiaries attributable to any Pre-Closing Tax Period (not including any such earnings and profits of a non-U.S. Subsidiary to the extent cash of such non-U.S. Subsidiary was not taken into account in the calculation of Cash because a distribution of such cash would result in a dividend for U.S. federal income tax purposes), (B) of Sellers, and (C) arising out of or resulting from this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement (including any Taxes resulting from the distribution of Excluded Assets, the portion of Transfer Taxes allocated to Sellers pursuant to Section 6.4 and any Taxes arising with respect to any Closing Employee Payments (irrespective of when paid)), in each case, together with any interest, penalties and additions to Tax with respect to any of the foregoing and any Losses incurred in connection with any of the foregoing.  In the case of any Straddle Period: (x) any property taxes for the Pre-Closing Tax Period shall be equal to the amount of such property taxes for such entire Straddle Period multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of days during the Straddle Period that are in the Pre-Closing Tax Period and the denominator of which is the number of days in the Straddle Period; and (y) all other Taxes for the Pre-Closing Tax Period shall be determined based on an actual closing of the books used to calculate such Taxes as if such Straddle Period were a Tax period that ended as of the close of business on the Closing Date (and for such purpose, the Tax period of any partnership or other pass-through entity in which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries holds a beneficial interest shall be deemed to terminate at such time).  In the case of clause (y), exemptions, allowances or deductions that are calculated on an annual basis (including depreciation and amortization deductions computed as if the Closing Date was the last day of the Straddle Period) shall be allocated between the portion of the Straddle Period ending on the Closing Date and the portion of the Straddle Period thereafter in proportion to the number of days in each such portion.

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Indemnity Escrow Amount” means $ 2,750,000.

Indemnity Escrow Fund” means the Indemnity Escrow Amount deposited with the Escrow Agent, as such sum may be increased or decreased as provided in this Agreement and the Escrow Agreement, including any remaining interest or other amounts earned thereon.

Intellectual Property” means all intellectual property and rights arising from or associated with the following, whether protected, created or arising under the laws of the United States or any other jurisdiction:  (i) trade names, trademarks, service marks, logos and design marks (registered and unregistered), domain names, URLs, social media accounts and other Internet addresses or identifiers including social media identifiers, trade dress and similar rights, and applications (including intent to use applications and similar reservations of marks and all goodwill associated therewith) to register any of the foregoing (collectively, “Marks”); (ii) patents and patent applications, inventor’s certificates and applications for inventor’s certificates, and invention disclosure statements (collectively, “Patents”); (iii) original works of authorship, Software, copyrights (registered and unregistered) and applications for registration (collectively, “Copyrights”); (iv) trade secrets, know-how, inventions, methods, processes and processing instructions, technical data, specifications, research and development information, technology, product roadmaps, customer lists and any other information, in each case to the extent any of the foregoing derives economic value (actual or potential) from not being generally known to other Persons who can obtain economic value from its disclosure or use, excluding any Copyrights or Patents that may cover or protect any of the foregoing (collectively, “Trade Secrets”); (v) moral rights and waivers and consents not to enforce such moral rights, publicity rights, data base rights and any other proprietary or intellectual property rights of any kind or nature that do not comprise or are not protected by Marks, Patents, Copyrights or Trade Secrets; and (vi) any and all rights (created or arising under the laws of any jurisdiction anywhere in the world, whether statutory, common law, or otherwise) now existing and related to (i) – (v) above, including rights to limit the use or disclosure thereof by any Person (or any other equivalent or similar type of proprietary intellectual property right arising from or related to intellectual property, the right to bring suit, pursue past, current and future violations, infringements, or misappropriations, and collections).

Knowledge” (i) with respect to the Sellers or the Company, means the knowledge of David Centner, Leila Centner, Jonathan Routledge, or Cenk Uzunkaya, and, in each case, such knowledge as would be imputed to such persons upon due inquiry (which due inquiry with respect to each such person is limited to inquiry with such person’s direct reports who would reasonably be expected to be knowledgeable about the applicable subject matter in the ordinary course of performance of such direct report’s duties with the Sellers or the Company, as applicable); or (ii) with respect to the Buyer, means the knowledge of David Roberts, Rebecca Kozloff Collins, Patricia Chiodo or Luke Myers and such knowledge as would be imputed to him or her upon due inquiry (which due inquiry is limited to inquiry with the senior executive management of the Buyer who would reasonably be expected to be knowledgeable about the applicable subject matter in the ordinary course of performance of such Person’s duties with the Buyer).

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Law” means any federal, state, local, municipal, foreign or other law (including common law), statute, constitution, principle of common law, resolution, ordinance, code, order, edict, decree, rule, regulation, act, ruling, injunction, judgment, executive order, administrative or judicial decision, treaty, ordinance, directive, restriction or requirement issued, enacted, adopted, promulgated, implemented or otherwise put into effect by or under the authority of any Governmental Authority.

Leased Real Property” means all real property leased, subleased or licensed to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries otherwise has a right or option to use or occupy, together with all structures, facilities, fixtures, systems, improvements and items of property previously or hereafter located thereon, or attached or appurtenant thereto, and all easements, rights and appurtenances relating to the foregoing.

Material Adverse Effect” means any event, change, circumstance, occurrence, effect, result or state of facts that, individually or in the aggregate, (i) is or would reasonably be expected to be materially adverse to the business, assets, liabilities, condition (financial or otherwise), results of operations of the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, or (ii) materially impairs the ability of the Sellers to consummate, or prevents or materially delays, any of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements or would reasonably be expected to do so; provided, however, that in the case of clause (i) only, Material Adverse Effect shall not include any event, change, circumstance, occurrence, effect or state of facts to the extent resulting from (1) changes generally affecting the Company’s industry, or the economy or the financial or securities markets, in the United States, (2) the outbreak of war (whether or not declared), armed hostilities or terrorism, or the escalation or worsening thereof, (3) changes in Law or GAAP or the enforcement, implementation or interpretation thereof first announced or proposed after the date of this Agreement, (4) any action required by this Agreement; (5) the announcement, pendency or completion of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including the identity or actions of the Buyer or its Affiliates; (6) any event, change, circumstance, occurrence, effect or state of facts in existence as of the date hereof and disclosed as an exception to the representations and warranties of the Sellers in Article III (as opposed to lists of names, jurisdictions, contracts or other items required to be set forth on a Disclosure Schedule pursuant to Article III) in the Disclosure Schedules as of the date hereof to the extent the Material Adverse Effect resulting from such exception is reasonably apparent on the face of such disclosure to a reasonable person who has read the applicable exception (provided that the underlying causes of such exception (subject to the other provisions of this definition) shall not be excluded); (7) any natural or man-made disaster or acts of god; or (8) any failure by the Company to meet any internal or published projections, forecasts or revenue or earnings predictions (provided that the underlying causes of such failures (subject to the other provisions of this definition) shall not be excluded); provided further, that, with respect to clauses (1), (2), (3), or (7), the impact of such event, change, circumstances, occurrence, effect or state of facts is not disproportionately adverse to the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, as compared to other similarly situated companies.

Morgan Stanley” means Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC.

Morgan Stanley Fee” means $7,900,000.

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Net Working Capital” means, as at the Cut-off Time and without duplication, an amount (which may be positive or negative) equal to (i) the consolidated current assets of the Company and its Subsidiaries minus (ii) the consolidated current liabilities of the Company and its Subsidiaries, in each case before taking into account the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby, and calculated in accordance with the Applicable Accounting Principles; provided, however, for the avoidance of doubt, Net Working Capital shall exclude (w) any amounts relating to or included in Cash, Indebtedness or Transaction Expenses to the extent such amounts are reflected in the calculation of the Purchase Price (to avoid any double-counting with any other adjustments), (x) Tax assets (including for the avoidance of doubt Tax refunds or overpayments) and Tax liabilities (whether current or deferred), (y) any amounts relating to any transaction or Contract between the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, on the one hand, and any Related Party of the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, on the other hand, and (z) any of the items set forth on Schedule 1.1(b) of the Disclosure Schedules.

Net Working Capital Methodologies” means the principles, policies, and procedures and methodologies set forth in the illustrative hypothetical calculation of Net Working Capital as of the Balance Sheet Date set forth on Exhibit F hereto.

OFAC Laws and Regulations” means the List of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons, the Foreign Sanctions Evaders List, the Non-SDN Iran Sanctions List, the Part 561 List, the Sectoral Sanctions Identifications List, or the Non-SDN Palestinian Legislative Council List maintained by OFAC, Department of Treasury, and/or any other similar list maintained by OFAC pursuant to the United States economic sanctions laws, executive orders and regulations administered by OFAC.  

Open Source Software” means any Software that is distributed as, or that contains, or is derived in any manner (in whole or in part) from, any “free software,” “open source software” or under similar licensing or distribution terms, including the GNU General Public License (GPL), GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL), Mozilla Public License (MPL), BSD licenses, the Artistic License, the Netscape Public License, the Sun Community Source License (SCSL), the Sun Industry Standards License (SISL), the Apache License and any license identified as an open source license by the Open Source Initiative (www.opensource.org).

Owned Real Property” means all real property owned by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, together with all structures, facilities, fixtures, systems, improvements and items of property previously or hereafter located thereon, or attached or appurtenant thereto, and all easements, rights and appurtenances relating to the foregoing.

Party” or “Parties” means the Buyer, the Issuer and the Sellers.

Person” means an individual, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, syndicate, person, trust, association, organization or other entity, including any Governmental Authority, and including any successor, by merger or otherwise, of any of the foregoing.

Platinum” means Platinum Equity Advisors, LLC.

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Pre-Closing Tax Period” means any Tax Period ending on or before the Closing Date and the portion of any Straddle Period ending on the Closing Date.

Prime Rate” means the rate of interest from time to time announced publicly by the Wall Street Journal as the prime rate.

Purchase Price” means (i) the Estimated Purchase Price, as it may be adjusted in accordance with Section 2.5, plus (ii) any amounts paid to the Sellers out of the Indemnity Escrow Fund.

Purchase Price Percentage” means, with respect to each Seller, the percentage set forth next to such Seller’s name on Schedule 1.1(a).

RAC Contracts” means (i) that certain Toll Tag Service Agreement, dated March 2, 2006, by and between HTA LLC and Avis Budget Car Rental, LLC f/k/a Cendant Car Rental Group, LLC, as amended and as may be subsequently amended or modified; (ii) that certain Unpaid Tolls Processing Agreement, dated July 31, 2006, by and between HTA LLC and Avis Budget Car Rental, LLC f/k/a Cendant Car Rental Group, LLC, as amended and as may be subsequently amended or modified; and (iii) that certain Second Amended and Restated Electronic Toll Collection Service Agreement, dated May 30, 2014, by and between HTA LLC and EHI and the subsidiaries of EHI listed on Schedule I thereto, as amended and as may be subsequently amended or modified.

Related Party,” with respect to any specified Person, means:  (i) any Affiliate of such specified Person, or any director, executive officer, general partner or managing member of such Affiliate; (ii) any Person who serves or within the past three years has served as a director, executive officer, partner, member or in a similar capacity of such specified Person; (iii) any Immediate Family member of a Person described in clause (ii); or (iv) any other Person who holds, individually or together with any Affiliate of such other Person and any member(s) of such Person’s Immediate Family, more than 5% of the outstanding equity or ownership interests of such specified Person.

Representatives” means, with respect to any Person, the officers, directors, principals, employees, agents, auditors, counsel, advisors, bankers and other representatives of such Person.

Rollover Percentage” means a percentage equal to the number of Rollover Units over the total number of HTA Units outstanding immediately before the Closing Date.

R&W Insurance Policy” means that certain insurance policy with respect to the representations and warranties of the Sellers, bound as of the date hereof, in the name and for the benefit of the Buyer Indemnified Parties.

R&W Insurance Policy Cost” means the aggregate expenses for premium, underwriting fees, surplus lines taxes and fees and insurance broker compensation incurred in connection with the binding and issuance of the R&W Insurance Policy.

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Securityholders Agreement” means the Securityholders Agreement of the Issuer, substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit B (as the same may be revised in the sole discretion of the Issuer prior to the Closing solely in connection with the EPC Transaction except in any manner that would require the consent of HTA Holdings pursuant to the terms set forth in the form attached hereto as Exhibit B), to be entered into by the Issuer, HTA Holdings and the other parties thereto, effective as of the Closing.

Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

Seller Related Party” means any Related Party of the Sellers, the Company or any of its Subsidiaries; provided that neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries shall be deemed a “Seller Related Party” of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

Software” means any and all computer programs, software (in object and source code), firmware, middleware, applications, APIs, web widgets, code and related algorithms, models and methodologies, files, and other components thereof, documentation and all other tangible embodiments thereof.

Straddle Period” means a Tax period beginning on or before and ending after the Closing Date.

Subsidiary” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person controlled by such first Person, directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries; provided that “Subsidiary” with respect to the Buyer, Parent or the Issuer shall not include any Person who becomes an Affiliate thereof in connection with, or as a result of, the EPC Transaction.

Systems” means servers, hardware systems, databases, circuits, networks and other computer and telecommunications assets and equipment.

Target Net Working Capital” means $2,500,000.

Tax Return” means any and all returns, declarations, reports, statements, information returns, elections, certificates, bills, documents, claims for refund, amended returns or other documents or statements filed or submitted, or required to be filed with or submitted to, any Governmental Authority (or to any third party to whom a Tax is required to be paid) with respect to any Tax, including any attachments, schedules, amendments and supplements thereto.

Taxes” means:  (i) all federal, state, local, foreign, provincial and other net income, gross income, alternative, estimated, gross receipts, sales, use, ad valorem, value added, transfer, franchise, profits, registration, license, lease, service, service use, withholding, payroll, employment, excise, severance, social security, welfare, workers’ compensation, unemployment, disability, environmental, stock, stamp, capital production, occupation, premium, real, personal or intangible property, windfall profits, transaction, title, customs, duties, levies, tariffs, imposts, amounts due under any escheat or unclaimed property Law or other taxes, fees, assessments or charges of any kind whatsoever (including any amounts resulting from the failure to file any Tax Return), (ii) any interest and penalties, fines or additions to tax or additional amounts imposed in connection with (x) any item described in clause (i) or (y) the failure to comply with any

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requirement imposed with respect to any Tax Return; and (iii) any liability for payment of amounts described in clauses (i) or (ii) whether as a result of transferee or successor liability, of being a member of an affiliated, consolidated, combined, unitary or similar group for any period or otherwise through operation of Law; and (iv) any liability for the payment of amounts described in clauses (i), (ii) or (iii) as a result of any agreement or otherwise.

Territory” means the United States of America and each country in which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries currently operates or currently is in the process of establishing operations for the Business.

Transaction Expenses” means the aggregate amount of any and all fees and expenses incurred by or on behalf of, or paid or to be paid directly by, the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any Person that the Company pays or reimburses or is otherwise legally obligated to pay or reimburse (including any such fees and expenses incurred by or on behalf of the Sellers) in connection with the process of selling the Company or the negotiation, preparation or execution of this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements or the performance or consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby, in each case which are outstanding as of the Closing Date, including (i) all fees and expenses of counsel, advisors, consultants, investment bankers, accountants, auditors and any other experts in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby (other than any such fees and expenses which are (I) included in the Tax Adjustment Amount pursuant to Section 6.7(a)(ii)(III) or (II) reimbursable by Buyer in connection with the amendment of this Agreement pursuant to Section 2.8 in accordance with Section 10.19(d)); (ii) any fees and expenses associated with obtaining necessary or appropriate waivers, consents, or approvals of any Governmental Authority or third parties on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby, other than the HSR Filing Fee and any other fees which are to be paid by Buyer pursuant to Section 10.19; (iii) any fees or expenses associated with obtaining the release and termination of any Encumbrances in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby; (iv) all brokers’, finders’ or similar fees in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby, other than the Morgan Stanley Fee; (v) any Closing Employee Payments; (vi) one-half of the R&W Insurance Policy Cost; and (vii) the Avis Contract Rebate Fee.

Websites” means all Internet websites, including content, text, graphics, images, audio, video, data, databases, Software and related items included on or used in the operation of and maintenance thereof, and all documentation, ASP, HTML, DHTML, SHTML, and XML files, cgi and other scripts, subscriber data, archives, and server and traffic logs and all other tangible embodiments related to any of the foregoing.

Working Capital Overage” shall exist when (and shall be equal to the amount by which) the Estimated Net Working Capital exceeds the Target Net Working Capital.

Working Capital Underage” shall exist when (and shall be equal to the amount by which) the Target Net Working Capital exceeds the Estimated Net Working Capital.  

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Section 1.2Table of Definitions.  The following terms have the meanings set forth in the Sections referenced below:

 

Definition

 

Location

 

 

 

Agreement

 

Preamble

Alternate Financing

 

5.11(a)(i)

Anti-Money Laundering Laws

 

3.9(e)

Applicable Accounting Principles

 

2.4

Avis Contract Rebate Fee

 

7.3(k)

Balance Sheet

 

3.7(a)

Balance Sheet Date

 

3.7(a)

Buyer

 

Preamble

Buyer Balance Sheet

 

4.10(a)

Buyer Balance Sheet Date

 

4.10(a)

Buyer Disclosure Schedules

 

Article IV

Buyer Financial Statements

 

4.10(a)

Buyer Indemnified Parties

 

8.2

Buyer Interim Financial Statements

 

4.10(a)

Buyer Related Party

 

9.3(b)

Buyer Review Period

 

2.5(b)

Canada

 

Recitals

Canada Interests

 

Recitals

Cap

 

8.5(a)

CERCLA

 

3.18(f)(iii)

Charity

 

Preamble

Claim Notice

 

8.4(a)

Closing

 

2.3(a)

Closing Cash

 

2.5(a)

Closing Date

 

2.3(a)

Closing Indebtedness

 

2.5(a)

Closing Net Working Capital

 

2.5(a)

Closing Transaction Expenses

 

2.5(a)

Code

 

3.12(b)

Company

 

Recitals

Company Registered IP

 

3.16(b)

Compliant

 

5.11(a)(iii)

Confidential Information

 

5.7(b)

Confidentiality Agreements

 

5.7(a)

Debt Financing

 

4.4

Debt Financing Commitment

 

4.4

Debt Payoff Letter

 

7.3(h)

Deductible Amount

 

8.5(a)

Direct Claim

 

8.4(c)

Disclosure Schedules

 

Article III

Disputed Tax Adjustment Amounts

 

6.7(b)(iii)

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Environmental Laws

 

3.18(f)(i)

Environmental Permits

 

3.18(f)(ii)

ERISA

 

3.12(a)

Estimated Cash

 

2.4

Estimated Closing Statement

 

2.4

Estimated Indebtedness

 

2.4

Estimated Net Working Capital

 

2.4

Estimated Share Sale Transfer Taxes

 

6.4

Estimated Transaction Expenses

 

2.4

Excluded Assets

 

Recitals

Excluded Employees

 

5.12(c)

Final Closing Statement

 

2.5(a)

Final Tax Adjustment Statement

 

6.7(d)

Financial Statements

 

3.7(a)

Fundamental Representations

 

8.1(a)(i)

Hazardous Substances

 

3.18(f)(iii)

HTA Holdings

 

Preamble

HTA LLC

 

Recitals

HTA Sellers

 

Preamble

HTA Units

 

Recitals

Indemnified Party

 

8.4(a)

Indemnifying Party

 

8.4(a)

Independent Accounting Firm

 

2.5(c)

Interim Financial Statements

 

3.7(a)

IRS

 

3.12(b)

Issuer

 

Preamble

Issuer Disclosure Materials

 

3.26(d)

Issuer Non-Voting Common Stock

 

4.8(f)

Issuer Related Party

 

4.11

Issuer Shares

 

Recitals

Issuer Voting Common Stock

 

4.8(f)

Losses

 

8.2

Major Customers

 

3.23

Marketing Period

 

5.11(a)(iii)

Material Contracts

 

3.19(a)

Modified Tax Adjustment Amount

 

6.7(e)

Multiemployer Plan

 

3.12(c)

Multiple Employer Plan

 

3.12(c)

Net Adjustment Amount

 

2.5(f)(i)

Non-Competition and Related Covenants

 

5.13(d)

Notice of Disagreement

 

2.5(b)

Outside Date

 

9.1(c)

Parent

 

Preamble

Parent Contribution

 

Recitals

Payoff Indebtedness

 

2.3(b)(iii)

PCI DSS

 

3.22(e)

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Permits

 

3.9(b)

Permitted Encumbrances

 

3.14(a)

Permitted Financing Action

 

5.11(a)(i)

Personal Information

 

3.22(a)

Plans

 

3.12(a)

Preliminary Closing Balance Sheet

 

2.4

Price Allocation

 

6.1(a)

Privacy Laws

 

3.22(a)

Purchase and Sale Transaction

 

Recitals

Related Person

 

3.9(c)

Release

 

3.18(f)(iv)

Remediation

 

3.18(f)(v)

Required Information

 

5.11(a)(iii)

Restricted Party

 

5.13(a)

Restrictive Period

 

5.13(a)

Reverse Termination Fee

 

9.3(a)

Rollover

 

Recitals

Rollover Units

 

Recitals

S Corp

 

3.17(o)

Section 1542

 

10.16(b)

Seller

 

Preamble

Seller Releasees

 

10.16(a)

Seller Releasor

 

10.16(a)

Seller Representative

 

10.21(a)

Sellers

 

Preamble

Solvent

 

4.5

Tax Actions

 

3.17(h)

Tax Adjustment Claim

 

6.6

Tax Adjustment Resolution Period

 

6.7(b)(ii)

Tax Adjustment Review Period

 

6.7(b)(i)

Tax Adjustment Statement of Objections

 

6.7(b)(ii)

Tax Claim

 

6.6

Tax Indemnity Claim

 

6.6

Tax Purchase Price

 

6.1(a)

Third Party Claim

 

8.4(a)

Transaction Expenses Payoff Instructions

 

7.3(h)

Transfer Taxes

 

6.4

Transition Period

 

5.12(a)

Units

 

Recitals

Withholding Notice

 

2.6

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Article II
PURCHASE AND SALE

Section 2.1The Parent Contribution and Rollover.

(a)Immediately prior to the Closing, the Issuer and Parent shall consummate the Parent Contribution, pursuant to which Parent shall become a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Issuer.

(b)Upon the terms and subject to the conditions of this Agreement, at the Closing, immediately prior to the Purchase and Sale Transaction, the Issuer and HTA Holdings shall consummate the Rollover, pursuant to which HTA Holdings shall contribute to the Issuer all of HTA Holdings’ right, title and interest in and to the Rollover Units, free and clear of all Encumbrances, in exchange for the issuance by the Issuer to HTA Holdings of the Issuer Shares, which exchange shall be treated as a Tax free exchange pursuant to Section 351 of the Code.

Section 2.2Purchase and Sale of the Units.  Upon the terms and subject to the conditions of this Agreement, at the Closing and immediately following the Rollover, the Sellers shall sell, assign, transfer, convey and deliver the Units (other than the Rollover Units) to the Buyer, free and clear of all Encumbrances, and the Buyer, in reliance on the representations, warranties and covenants of the Sellers contained herein, shall purchase the Units from the Sellers.

Section 2.3Closing.

(a)The sale and purchase of the Units shall take place (i) at a closing (the “Closing) to be held by means of electronic exchange of executed documents, at 10:00 a.m., Pacific time on the third Business Day following the satisfaction or, to the extent permitted by applicable Law, waiver of all conditions to the obligations of the Parties set forth in Article VII (other than such conditions as may, by their terms, only be satisfied at the Closing or on the Closing Date, but subject to the satisfaction or waiver of those conditions); provided, that (A) if the Marketing Period has not ended as of such date, then the Closing shall not occur until the date following such satisfaction or waiver that is the earlier of (x) any Business Day during the Marketing Period as may be specified by the Buyer on no less than two Business Days’ prior notice to the Seller Representative (provided, that such notice may be conditioned upon the simultaneous completion of the Debt Financing, and provided, further, that if such Debt Financing is not completed for any reason at any time, such notice shall automatically be deemed withdrawn) or (y) three Business Days after the final day of the Marketing Period; and (B) notwithstanding the satisfaction or waiver of the conditions set forth in Article VII, this Agreement may be terminated pursuant to and in accordance with Section 9.1 such that the Parties shall not be required to effect the Closing, regardless of whether the final day of the Marketing Period shall have occurred prior to such termination; provided, further, if such date is not the last Business Day of a month, then the Closing shall not occur until the first Business Day after the last Business Day of the month in which the Closing otherwise would have occurred, or (ii) at such other place, date, or time as the Parties may mutually agree in writing.  The day on which the Closing takes place is referred to as the “Closing Date.”

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(b)At the Closing:

(i)the Buyer shall deliver or cause to be delivered to each Seller an amount in cash equal to such Seller’s Purchase Price Percentage of the Estimated Purchase Price;

(ii)the Buyer shall deposit or cause to be deposited the Indemnity Escrow Amount in an account with the Escrow Agent by wire transfer in immediately available funds, to be managed and paid out by the Escrow Agent pursuant to the terms of the Escrow Agreement;

(iii)the Buyer shall deliver or cause to be delivered on behalf of the Company and from a portion of the Estimated Purchase Price the amount payable to each counterparty or holder of Indebtedness identified on Schedule 2.3(b)(iii) to be delivered by the Sellers not later than three Business Days prior to the Closing (the “Payoff Indebtedness”) in order to fully discharge such Payoff Indebtedness and terminate all applicable obligations and liabilities of the Company and any of its Affiliates related thereto, as specified in the Debt Payoff Letters and in accordance with this Agreement;

(iv)the Buyer shall deliver or cause to be delivered from a portion of the Estimated Purchase Price (A) to the Company, an amount equal to the aggregate Closing Employee Payments and (B) on behalf of the Company, the amount payable to each Person who is owed a portion of the remaining Estimated Transaction Expenses, as specified in the Transaction Expenses Payoff Instructions and in accordance with this Agreement;

(v)the Buyer shall deliver or cause to be delivered on behalf of the Company the Morgan Stanley Fee to Morgan Stanley;

(vi)the Issuer shall deliver to HTA Holdings certificates representing the Issuer Shares;

(vii)HTA Holdings shall deliver or cause to be delivered to the Issuer certificates representing the Rollover Units, duly endorsed in blank or accompanied by stock powers duly endorsed in blank in proper form for transfer, with appropriate transfer stamps, if any, affixed;

(viii)the Sellers shall deliver or cause to be delivered to the Buyer certificates representing the Units (other than the Rollover Units), duly endorsed in blank or accompanied by stock powers duly endorsed in blank in proper form for transfer, with appropriate transfer stamps, if any, affixed; and

(ix)each Seller shall deliver or cause to be delivered to the Buyer a duly executed Certification of Non-Foreign Status in the applicable form set forth hereto on Exhibit C.

(c)All payments hereunder shall be made by wire transfer of immediately available funds in United States dollars to such account as may be designated to the payor by the payee at least two Business Days prior to the applicable payment date.

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Section 2.4Closing Estimates.  At least five Business Days prior to the Closing Date, the Seller Representative shall prepare, or cause to be prepared, and deliver to the Buyer a written statement (the “Estimated Closing Statement) that shall include and set forth (a) a consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its Subsidiaries, including all notes thereto, as of the Cut-off Time (the “Preliminary Closing Balance Sheet), (b) a good faith estimate of (i) Net Working Capital based on the Preliminary Closing Balance Sheet (the “Estimated Net Working Capital), (ii) Indebtedness (the “Estimated Indebtedness”), (iii) Cash (the “Estimated Cash”) and (iv) all Transaction Expenses that are accrued or due and remain unpaid (the “Estimated Transaction Expenses”) (with each of Estimated Net Working Capital, Estimated Cash, Estimated Indebtedness and Estimated Transaction Expenses determined as of the Cut-off Time and, except for Estimated Transaction Expenses, without giving effect to the transactions contemplated hereby) and (c) on the basis of the foregoing, a calculation of the Estimated Purchase Price, Estimated Net Working Capital, Estimated Indebtedness and Estimated Cash shall be calculated in accordance with GAAP applied on a basis consistent with the preparation of the Balance Sheet and the Net Working Capital Methodologies, provided that in the event of a conflict between GAAP and the explicit Net Working Capital Methodologies, the explicit Net Working Capital Methodologies shall prevail, provided further that in the event of a conflict between GAAP and the Company’s consistent application thereof, GAAP shall prevail (the accounting principles as described in this sentence as modified by the proviso, the “Applicable Accounting Principles).  The Estimated Closing Statement and all calculations of Estimated Net Working Capital, Estimated Indebtedness, Estimated Cash and Estimated Transaction Expenses shall be accompanied by a certificate of the Chief Financial Officer of HTA Holdings certifying that such estimates have been calculated in good faith in accordance with this Agreement.  The Estimated Closing Statement and all such estimates shall be subject to the Buyer’s approval, which shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed, and shall control solely for purposes of determining the amounts payable at the Closing pursuant to Section 2.3 and shall not limit or otherwise affect the Buyer’s remedies under this Agreement or otherwise, or constitute an acknowledgement by the Buyer of the accuracy of the amounts reflected thereof.

Section 2.5Post-Closing Adjustment of Purchase Price.

(a)Within 60 days after the Closing Date, the Seller Representative shall prepare, or cause to be prepared, and deliver to the Buyer a written statement (the “Final Closing Statement”) that shall include and set forth (i) a consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its Subsidiaries, including all notes thereto, as of the Cut-off Time and (ii) a calculation of the actual (A) Net Working Capital (the “Closing Net Working Capital”), (B) Indebtedness (the “Closing Indebtedness”), (C) Cash (the “Closing Cash”), and (D) Transaction Expenses (the “Closing Transaction Expenses”) (with each of Closing Net Working Capital, Closing Indebtedness, Closing Cash and Closing Transaction Expenses determined as of the Cut-off Time and, except for Closing Transaction Expenses, without giving effect to the transactions contemplated hereby).  Closing Net Working Capital, Closing Indebtedness and Closing Cash shall be calculated in accordance with the Applicable Accounting Principles. All calculations of Closing Net Working Capital, Closing Indebtedness, Closing Cash and Closing Transaction Expenses shall be accompanied by a certificate of a duly authorized officer of the Seller Representative certifying that such amounts have been prepared in good faith in accordance with this Agreement.

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(b)The Final Closing Statement shall become final and binding on the 60th day following delivery thereof (the “Buyer Review Period), unless prior to the end of such period, the Buyer delivers to the Seller Representative written notice of its disagreement (a “Notice of Disagreement”) specifying the nature and amount of any dispute as to the Closing Net Working Capital, Closing Indebtedness, Closing Cash and/or Closing Transaction Expenses as set forth in the Final Closing Statement.

(c)During the 15-day period following delivery of a Notice of Disagreement by the Buyer to the Seller Representative, the Parties in good faith shall seek to resolve in writing any differences that they may have with respect to the computation of the Closing Net Working Capital, Closing Indebtedness, Closing Cash and/or Closing Transaction Expenses as specified therein.  Any disputed items resolved in writing between the Seller Representative and the Buyer within such 15-day period shall be final and binding with respect to such items, and if the Seller Representative and the Buyer agree in writing on the resolution of each disputed item specified by the Buyer in the Notice of Disagreement and the amount of the Closing Net Working Capital, Closing Indebtedness, Closing Cash and Closing Transaction Expenses, the amounts so determined shall be final and binding on the parties for all purposes hereunder and shall not be subject to appeal or further review.  If the Seller Representative and the Buyer have not resolved all such differences by the end of such 15-day period, the Seller Representative and the Buyer shall submit, in writing, to an independent public accounting firm (the “Independent Accounting Firm”), their briefs detailing their views as to the correct nature and amount of each item remaining in dispute and the amounts of the Closing Net Working Capital, Closing Indebtedness, Closing Cash and Closing Transaction Expenses, and the Independent Accounting Firm shall make a written determination as to each such disputed item and the amount of the Closing Net Working Capital, Closing Indebtedness, Closing Cash and Closing Transaction Expenses, which determination shall be final and binding on the parties for all purposes hereunder.  The Independent Accounting Firm shall consider only those items and amounts in the Seller Representative’s and the Buyer’s respective calculations of the Closing Net Working Capital, Closing Indebtedness, Closing Cash and Closing Transaction Expenses that are identified as being items and amounts to which the Seller Representative and the Buyer have been unable to agree.  In resolving any disputed item, the Independent Accounting Firm may not assign a value to any item greater than the greatest value for such item claimed by either Party or less than the smallest value for such item claimed by either Party.  The Independent Accounting Firm shall be Deloitte LLP or, if such firm is unable or unwilling to act, such other nationally-recognized, independent public accounting firm as shall be agreed in writing by the Seller Representative and the Buyer.  The Sellers and the Buyer shall use their commercially reasonable efforts to cause the Independent Accounting Firm to render a written decision resolving the matters submitted to it as promptly as practicable, and in any event within 30 days following the submission thereof.  Judgment may be entered upon the written determination of the Independent Accounting Firm in accordance with Section 10.10.  In acting under this Agreement, the Independent Accounting Firm will be entitled to the powers, privileges and immunities of an arbitrator.  

(d)The costs of any dispute resolution pursuant to Section 2.5(c), including the fees and expenses of the Independent Accounting Firm and of any enforcement of the determination thereof, shall be borne by the HTA Sellers and the Buyer in inverse proportion as they may prevail on the matters resolved by the Independent Accounting Firm, which proportionate allocation shall be calculated on an aggregate basis based on the relative dollar

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values of the amounts in dispute and shall be determined by the Independent Accounting Firm at the time the determination of such firm is rendered on the merits of the matters submitted.  The fees and disbursements of the Representatives of each Party incurred in connection with the preparation or review of the Final Closing Statement and preparation or review of any Notice of Disagreement, as applicable, shall be borne by such Party.  

(e)The Buyer and the HTA Sellers will, and will cause the Company (in the case of the HTA Sellers, prior to the Closing and, in the case of the Buyer, from and after the Closing through the resolution of any adjustment contemplated by this Section 2.5) to afford the other Party and its Representatives reasonable access, during normal business hours and upon reasonable prior notice, to the personnel, properties, books and records of the Company and its Subsidiaries and to any other information reasonably requested for purposes of preparing and reviewing the calculations contemplated by this Section 2.5.  Each Party shall authorize its accountants to disclose work papers generated by such accountants in connection with preparing and reviewing the calculations of the Net Working Capital, Cash and Indebtedness as specified in this Section 2.5, provided, that such accountants shall not be obligated to make any work papers available except in accordance with such accountants’ disclosure procedures and then only after the non-client Party has signed an agreement relating to access to such work papers in form and substance acceptable to such accountants.

(f)The Estimated Purchase Price shall be adjusted, upwards or downwards, as follows:

(i)For the purposes of this Agreement, the “Net Adjustment Amount” means an amount, which may be positive or negative, equal to (A) the Closing Net Working Capital as finally determined pursuant to this Section 2.5 minus the Estimated Net Working Capital, minus (B) the Closing Indebtedness as finally determined pursuant to this Section 2.5 minus the Estimated Indebtedness, plus (C) the Closing Cash as finally determined pursuant to this Section 2.5 minus the Estimated Cash, minus (D) the Closing Transaction Expenses as finally determined pursuant to this Section 2.5 minus the Estimated Transaction Expenses;

(ii)If the Net Adjustment Amount is positive, the Estimated Purchase Price shall be adjusted upwards in an amount equal to the Net Adjustment Amount.  In such event, the Buyer shall pay the Net Adjustment Amount to the Sellers in accordance with their respective Purchase Price Percentages; and

(iii)If the Net Adjustment Amount is negative (in which case the “Net Adjustment Amount” for purposes of this clause (iii) shall be deemed to be equal to the absolute value of such amount), the Estimated Purchase Price shall be adjusted downwards in an amount equal to the Net Adjustment Amount.  In such event, the HTA Sellers shall pay an aggregate amount to the Buyer equal to the amount of such deficiency.  In the event that the HTA Sellers fail to pay the amount of such deficiency within the time period specified in the second sentence of Section 2.5(g), the Buyer may, in its sole discretion, offset such amount against the Tax Adjustment Amount payable to the HTA Sellers under Section 6.7.  No failure on the part of the Buyer to deliver a notice as specified in the immediately preceding sentence shall relieve the HTA Sellers of the obligation to pay the amount of such deficiency to the Buyer.

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(g)Amounts to be paid pursuant to Section 2.5(f) shall bear interest from the Closing Date to the date of such payment (inclusive) at a rate equal to the Prime Rate, calculated on the basis of a year of 365 days and the number of days elapsed.  Payments in respect of Section 2.5(f) shall be made within three Business Days of final determination of the Net Adjustment Amount pursuant to the provisions of this Section 2.5 by wire transfer of immediately available funds in United States dollars to such account or accounts as may be designated in writing by the Party entitled to such payment at least two Business Days prior to such payment date; provided that any payment which is not paid by such third (3rd) Business Day shall thereafter bear interest at a rate equal to the Prime Rate, plus eight percent (8%), calculated on the basis of a year of 365 days and the number of days elapsed from the date of final determination of the Net Adjustment Amount and the date of payment (inclusive).

Section 2.6Withholding.  Each of the Buyer, the Escrow Agent and each of their respective Representatives shall be entitled to deduct and withhold from any consideration otherwise payable to any Person pursuant to this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements such amounts as it determines it is required to deduct and withhold with respect to the making of such payment under the Code or any provision of applicable Tax Law, provided, that prior to any such deductions or withholdings with respect to any amounts payable to any Seller in respect of its Units pursuant to this Agreement (other than any payments treated as compensation for Tax purposes or any amounts subject to deduction or withholding due to a failure to provide the certificate described in Section 2.3(b)(ix) and a valid, properly completed IRS Form W-9 or applicable IRS Form W-8), Buyer shall provide such Seller notice of such deductions (a “Withholding Notice”) and shall consider in good faith the input of such Seller if such Seller provides such input to Buyer within three Business Days of Buyer delivering a Withholding Notice.  To the extent that any such withheld amounts are paid over to the appropriate taxing authority by the Buyer, any such deducted and withheld amounts shall be treated for all purposes of this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements as having been actually paid to the applicable Person in respect of whom such deduction and withholding was made.

Section 2.7Further Assurances.  From and after the Closing, each of the Parties hereby agrees that at any time, or from time to time, as and when reasonably requested by the Company, or by its successors and assigns, each Party will execute and deliver, or cause to be executed and delivered in its name by its last acting officers, or by the corresponding officers of the Company, all such conveyances, assignments, transfers, deeds or other instruments, and will take or cause to be taken such further or other action as may be reasonably necessary in order to evidence the transfer, vesting of any property, right, privilege or franchise or to vest or perfect in or confirm to the Company, its successors and assigns, title to and possession of all the property, rights, privileges, powers, immunities, franchises and interests referred to in this Article II and otherwise to carry out the intent and purposes thereof.  In furtherance of, and in addition to, the foregoing, from and after the Closing, the officers and directors of the Company shall be authorized to execute and deliver, in the name of and on behalf of the Company, all such conveyances, assignments, transfers, deeds or other instruments and to take and do, in the name and on behalf of the Company or otherwise, all such other actions and things as may be reasonably necessary to vest, perfect or confirm any and all right, title and interest in, to any under such properties, rights, privileges, powers, immunities, franchises and interests in the Company or otherwise to carry out this Agreement.  The Parties agree that, in the event that any consent, approval or authorization reasonably necessary to preserve for the Company or any of

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its Subsidiaries any right or benefit under any lease, license, commitment or other Contract to which the Company or any Subsidiary is a party is not obtained prior to the Closing, each of the Sellers will, subsequent to the Closing, upon written request, reasonably cooperate with Buyer, the Issuer, the Company or any such Subsidiary in attempting to obtain such consent, approval or authorization as promptly thereafter as practicable.

Section 2.8Structure.  At the written request of the Buyer, the Parties shall reasonably cooperate, and shall cause their Affiliates to reasonably cooperate, with the Buyer in amending the Agreement to structure the transaction as (i) a sale of the stock of HTA Holdings (other than the stock described in clause (ii)) to the Buyer by the shareholder of HTA Holdings for cash and (ii) a contribution of the applicable portion of the stock of HTA Holdings to Issuer by the shareholder of HTA Holdings in exchange for the Issuer Shares.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Buyer shall remain responsible to purchase the HTA Units held directly by the Charity and David Center pursuant to the terms of this Agreement and the Buyer shall be responsible for payment of the Tax Adjustment Amount in respect of such purchase to the extent provided in Section 6.7 and the other terms of this Agreement, in each case, notwithstanding the restructuring of the purchase of the stock of HTA Holdings from the shareholder of HTA Holdings.  Any such amendments must be reasonably acceptable to HTA Holdings.  

Article III
REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE SELLERs

Except as set forth in the corresponding sections or subsections of the Disclosure Schedules attached hereto (collectively, the “Disclosure Schedules”) (each of which shall qualify only the specifically identified Sections or subsections hereof to which such Disclosure Schedule relates and any other representations and warranties (or covenants, as applicable) of the applicable Sellers if the relevance of that reference as an exception to (or a disclosure for purposes of) such representations and warranties (or covenants) would be reasonably apparent on its face to a reasonable person who has read that reference and such representations and warranties (or covenants)), the HTA Sellers, jointly and severally, hereby represent and warrant to the Buyer and the Issuer as of the date hereof and as of the Closing Date as follows (provided that the representations and warranties set forth in the second sentence of Section 3.1(a), Section 3.2, Section 3.3, Section 3.4(a), and Section 3.28 are made jointly and severally by each Seller (including the Charity)):

Section 3.1Organization and Qualification.

(a)HTA Holdings is a corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the Laws of the State of New York and has all requisite power and authority to own, lease and operate its properties and to carry on its business as it is now being conducted.  Charity is a not-for-profit corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the Laws of the State of Missouri and has all requisite power and authority to carry on its business as it is now being conducted.  Each of HTA LLC, Canada and their respective Subsidiaries is (i) a limited liability company or corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation or formation as set forth in Schedule 3.1(a) of the Disclosure Schedules, and has full corporate or limited liability company power and authority to own, lease and operate its properties and assets and to carry on its

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business as now conducted and as currently proposed to be conducted and (ii) duly qualified or licensed as a foreign corporation or other entity to do business, and is in good standing, in each jurisdiction where the character of the properties and assets occupied, owned, leased or operated by it or the nature of its business makes such qualification or licensing necessary, except for any such failures to be so qualified or licensed and in good standing that, individually or in the aggregate, have not had and would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(b)The HTA Sellers have heretofore furnished to the Buyer a complete and correct copy of the certificate of incorporation, certificate of formation, operating agreements, bylaws or equivalent organizational documents, each as amended to date, of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries.  Such certificates of incorporation, certificates of formation, operating agreements, bylaws or equivalent organizational documents are in full force and effect.  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is in violation of any of the provisions of its certificate of incorporation, certificate of formation, operating agreements, bylaws or equivalent organizational documents.  The transfer books and minute books of each of the Company and its Subsidiaries that have been made available for inspection by the Buyer prior to the date hereof are true and complete.

Section 3.2Authority.  Each Seller has full power and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement and each of the Ancillary Agreements to which such Seller will be a party, to perform the obligations of such Seller hereunder and thereunder and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby.  The execution, delivery and performance by each Seller of this Agreement and each of the Ancillary Agreements to which such Seller will be a party and the consummation by such Seller of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby have been duly and validly authorized by all necessary action on the part of such Seller.  This Agreement has been, and upon their execution each of the Ancillary Agreements to which each Seller will be a party will have been, duly executed and delivered by such Seller and, assuming due execution and delivery by each of the other parties hereto and thereto, this Agreement constitutes, and upon their execution each of the Ancillary Agreements to which such Seller will be a party will constitute, the legal, valid and binding obligations of such Seller, enforceable against such Seller in accordance with their respective terms, except as enforcement may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or similar laws affecting creditors’ rights generally and by general principles of equity (regardless of whether considered in a proceeding in equity or at law).

Section 3.3No Conflict; Required Filings and Consents.

(a)The execution, delivery and performance by each Seller of this Agreement and each of the Ancillary Agreements to which such Seller, as applicable, will be a party, and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby, do not and will not:

(i)conflict with or violate the certificate of incorporation, certificate of formation or bylaws or equivalent organizational documents of the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries;

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(ii)conflict with or violate any Law applicable to the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or by which any property or asset of the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is bound or affected, in each case which would have a material effect on the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or the transactions contemplated by this Agreement; or

(iii)result in any breach of, constitute a default (or an event that, with notice or lapse of time or both, would become a default) under, require any consent of or notice to any Person pursuant to, give to others any right of termination, amendment, modification, acceleration or cancellation of, allow the imposition of any fees or penalties, require the offering or making of any payment or redemption, give rise to any increased, guaranteed, accelerated or additional rights or entitlements of any Person or otherwise adversely affect any rights of the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries under, or result in the creation of any Encumbrance on any property, asset or right of the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries pursuant to, any material Contract to which the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party or material Permit held by the Sellers or the Company or by which the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective properties, assets or rights are bound or affected.

(b)None of the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is required to file, seek or obtain any notice, authorization, approval, order, permit or consent of or with any Governmental Authority in connection with the execution, delivery and performance by the Sellers of this Agreement and each of the Ancillary Agreements to which the Sellers will be a party or the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby or in order to prevent the termination of any right, privilege, license or qualification of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, except for such filings as may be required by any applicable federal or state securities or “blue sky” laws.

(c)To the Sellers’ Knowledge, no “fair price,” “interested shareholder,” “business combination” or similar provision of any state takeover Law is applicable to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements.

Section 3.4Equity Ownership.

(a)Each Seller beneficially owns all of the Units opposite such Seller’s name on Schedule 3.4 of the Disclosure Schedules.  The Sellers are the sole record and beneficial owners of the Units, free and clear of any Encumbrance.  The Sellers have the right, authority and power to sell, assign and transfer the Units to the Buyer.  Upon delivery to the Buyer of certificates for the Units at the Closing, the Buyer shall acquire good, valid and marketable title to the Units, free and clear of any Encumbrance other than Encumbrances created by the Buyer.

(b)Upon delivery to the Issuer of certificates for the Rollover Units at the Closing and the Issuer’s issuance of the Issuer Shares, the Issuer shall acquire good, valid and marketable title to the Rollover Units, free and clear of any Encumbrance other than Encumbrances created by the Issuer.

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Section 3.5Capitalization.  Schedule 3.5 of the Disclosure Schedules sets forth, for HTA, LLC, Canada and each Subsidiary of the Company, the amount of its authorized capital stock or other equity or ownership interests, the amount of its outstanding capital stock or other equity or ownership interests, and the record and beneficial owners of its outstanding capital stock or other equity or ownership interests.  Except for the Units and except as set forth in Schedule 3.5 of the Disclosure Schedules, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has issued or agreed to issue any:  (a) share of capital stock or other equity or ownership interest; (b) option, warrant or interest convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for the purchase of shares of capital stock or other equity or ownership interests; (c) stock appreciation right, phantom stock, interest in the ownership or earnings of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or other equity equivalent or equity-based award or right; or (d) bond, debenture or other Indebtedness having the right to vote or convertible or exchangeable for securities having the right to vote.  Each outstanding share of capital stock or other equity or ownership interest of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries is duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable, and in the case of its Subsidiaries, each such share or other equity or ownership interest is owned by the Company or another Subsidiary, free and clear of any Encumbrance.  All of the aforesaid shares or other equity or ownership interests have been offered, sold and delivered by the Company or a Subsidiary in compliance with all applicable federal and state securities laws.  Except for rights granted to the Buyer under this Agreement, there are no outstanding obligations of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to issue, sell or transfer or repurchase, redeem or otherwise acquire, or that relate to the holding, voting or disposition of or that restrict the transfer of, the issued or unissued capital stock or other equity or ownership interests of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.  No shares of capital stock or other equity or ownership interests of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries have been issued in violation of any rights, agreements, arrangements or commitments under any provision of applicable Law, the certificate of incorporation or bylaws or equivalent organizational documents of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any Contract to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party or by which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is bound.

Section 3.6Equity Interests.  Except for the Subsidiaries listed in Schedule 3.6 of the Disclosure Schedules, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries directly or indirectly owns any equity, partnership, membership or similar interest in, or any interest convertible into, exercisable for the purchase of or exchangeable for any such equity, partnership, membership or similar interest, or is under any current or prospective obligation to form or participate in, provide funds to, make any loan, capital contribution or other investment in or assume any liability or obligation of, any Person.

Section 3.7Financial Statements; No Undisclosed Liabilities; Projections.

(a)True and complete copies of the audited consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its Subsidiaries as at December 31, 2014, December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2016 and the related audited consolidated statements of income, retained earnings, stockholders’ equity and changes in financial position of the Company and its Subsidiaries, together with all related notes and schedules thereto, accompanied by the reports thereon of the Company’s independent auditors (collectively referred to as the “Financial Statements”) and the unaudited consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its Subsidiaries as at September 30, 2017 (the “Balance Sheet Date” and such balance sheet, together with all related notes and schedules

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thereto, the “Balance Sheet), and the related consolidated statement of income of the Company and its Subsidiaries, and a schedule setting forth the calculations and methodologies used to prepare the Balance Sheet and such related consolidated statements from the entries in the general ledger of the Company and its Subsidiaries (collectively referred to as the “Interim Financial Statements), are attached hereto as Schedule 3.7(a) of the Disclosure Schedules.  Each of the Financial Statements and the Interim Financial Statements (i) are correct and complete in all material respects and have been prepared in accordance with the books and records of the Company and its Subsidiaries, (ii) have been prepared in accordance with GAAP and applied on a consistent basis throughout the periods indicated (except as may be indicated in the notes thereto) and (iii) fairly present, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Company and its Subsidiaries as at the respective dates thereof and for the respective periods indicated therein, except as otherwise noted therein and subject, in the case of the Interim Financial Statements, to normal and recurring year-end adjustments that will not, individually or in the aggregate, be material.

(b)Except as and to the extent adequately accrued or reserved against in the Balance Sheet, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has any liability or obligation of any nature, whether accrued, absolute, contingent or otherwise, whether known or unknown and whether or not required by GAAP to be reflected in a consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its Subsidiaries or disclosed in the notes thereto, except for liabilities and obligations, incurred in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice since the Balance Sheet Date, that are not, individually or in the aggregate, material to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

(c)The books of account and financial records of the Company and its Subsidiaries are true and correct and have been prepared and are maintained in accordance with sound accounting practice.

(d)The financial projections relating to the Company delivered to the Buyer were prepared in good faith based on reasonable assumptions under the circumstances.  No Seller has Knowledge that such financial projections are materially incorrect or materially misleading. Such financial projections are not guarantees of future performance and undue reliance should not be placed on them. Such financial projections necessarily involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, which may cause actual performance and financial results in future periods to differ materially from any projections of future performance or result expressed or implied by such financial projections.  There can be no assurance that such financial projections will prove to be accurate, as actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such financial projections. The Company undertakes no obligation to update such financial projections if circumstances or management’s estimates or opinions should change. Buyer and the Issuer are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such financial projections.

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Section 3.8Absence of Certain Changes or Events.  Since the Balance Sheet Date:  (a) the Company and its Subsidiaries have, in all material respects, conducted their businesses only in the ordinary course consistent with past practice; (b) there has not been any change, event or development or prospective change, event or development that, individually or in the aggregate, has had or is reasonably likely to have a Material Adverse Effect; (c) neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has suffered any material loss, damage, destruction or other casualty affecting any of its material properties or assets, whether or not covered by insurance; and (d) none of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has taken any action that, if taken after the date of this Agreement, would constitute a breach of any of the covenants set forth in Section 5.1.

Section 3.9Compliance with Law; Permits.

(a)Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries is and has been in compliance in all material respects with all Laws applicable to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, any of their properties or other assets or any of their businesses or operations.  None of the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any of its or their executive officers has received during the past five years any written notice, order, complaint or other communication from any Governmental Authority or any other Person that the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is not in compliance in any material respect with any Law applicable to it, nor, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, has any Governmental Authority or any other Person threatened any of the foregoing in writing.

(b)Schedule 3.9 of the Disclosure Schedules sets forth a true and complete list of all permits, licenses, franchises, approvals, certificates, consents, waivers, concessions, exemptions, orders, registrations, notices or other authorizations of any Governmental Authority necessary for each of the Company and its Subsidiaries to own, lease and operate its properties and to carry on its business in all material respects as currently conducted (the “Permits).  Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries is and has been in compliance in all material respects with all such Permits.  No suspension, cancellation, modification, revocation or nonrenewal of any Permit is pending or, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, threatened.  The Company and its Subsidiaries will continue to have the use and benefit of all Permits following consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby.  No Permit is held in the name of any employee, officer, director, stockholder, agent or otherwise on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

(c)The Company and its Subsidiaries maintain in effect and enforce policies and procedures required by applicable law and in accordance with generally accepted industry practice designed to ensure compliance by the Company, its Subsidiaries and its and their respective Related Persons with all applicable Anti-Money Laundering Laws and all applicable OFAC Laws and Regulations, and (ii) to the Knowledge of Seller: (A) none of the cash or property that HTA Holdings or any of its Related Persons has paid, will pay or will contribute to the Issuer has been or shall be derived from activity prohibited under applicable Anti-Money Laundering Laws or applicable OFAC Laws and Regulations and (B) no contribution or payment by HTA Holdings to the Issuer, to the extent within HTA Holdings’ control, will cause the Issuer to be in violation of Anti-Money Laundering Laws or OFAC Laws and Regulations applicable to the Company or its Subsidiaries.  As used in this Section 3.9(c), “Related Person means, with respect to a Person, any interest holder, or other investor, director, senior officer, trustee, beneficiary or grantor of such Person or other Person who controls such Person; provided that as to any Person that is publicly held, the term shall only include such owners, investors and controlling persons whose holdings are required to be, and are, publicly reported.  

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(d)The Company and its Subsidiaries have, for the last five years, complied with, and are currently in compliance with, the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, U.K. Bribery Act and any other applicable law of any jurisdiction that prohibits payments to improperly influence government officials.

(e)The Company and its Subsidiaries and their respective directors, officer, employees and agents have, for the last five years, complied with, and are currently in compliance with, (i) the USA Patriot Act of 2001 (Pub. L. no. 107-56), (ii) the U.S. Money Laundering Control Act of 1986, as amended and (iii) any other law of any relevant jurisdiction having the force of law and relating to anti-money laundering (“Anti-Money Laundering Laws”), in each case to the extent applicable to the Company or its Subsidiaries.

Section 3.10Litigation.  Except as set forth on Schedule 3.10 of the Disclosure Schedules, there is no Action pending or, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, threatened (nor has there been during the three years prior to the execution of this Agreement) in writing against the Sellers, the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or any material property or asset of the Sellers, the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or any of the officers of the Sellers, the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in regards to their actions as such, nor is there any basis for any such Action.  There is no Action pending or, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, threatened seeking to prevent, hinder, modify, delay or challenge the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements.  There is no outstanding order, writ, judgment, injunction, decree, determination or award of, or pending or, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, threatened investigation by, any Governmental Authority relating to the Sellers, the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, any of their respective properties or assets, any of their respective trustees, officers or directors, or the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements.  There is no Action by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries pending, or which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has commenced preparations to initiate, against any other Person, other than collection claims against individual drivers in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice.

Section 3.11Intentionally Omitted.

Section 3.12Employee Benefit Plans.

(a)Schedule 3.12(a) of the Disclosure Schedules sets forth a true and complete list of all employee benefit plans (as defined in Section 3(3) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended (“ERISA”)) and all bonus, stock option, stock purchase, restricted stock, stock appreciation right, phantom stock, incentive, deferred compensation, retiree medical or life insurance, supplemental retirement, severance or other benefit plans, programs, or arrangements (whether qualified or nonqualified, funded or unfunded), and all employment, termination, severance or other contracts or agreements to which the Company or any of its ERISA Affiliates is a party, with respect to which the Company or any of its ERISA Affiliates has or could have any liability (contingent or otherwise) or obligation or which are maintained, contributed to or sponsored by the Company or any of its ERISA Affiliates for the benefit of any current or former employee, officer, director or independent contractor of the Company or any of its ERISA Affiliates (collectively, the “Plans” );

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(b)Each Plan referred to in Section 3.12(a) is in writing.  The Sellers have furnished to the Buyer a true and complete copy of each such Plan and has made available to the Buyer a true and complete copy of each material document, if any, prepared in connection with each such Plan, including, as applicable, (i) a copy of each trust or other funding arrangement, (ii) each summary plan description and summary of material modifications, (iii) the two most recently filed Internal Revenue Service (“IRS) Form 5500 and all schedules and financial statements attached thereto, (iv) the most recently received IRS determination letter for each such Plan and the application materials submitted in connection with such determination letter and (v) the most recently prepared actuarial report and financial statement in connection with each such Plan.  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has any express or implied commitment (A) to create, incur liability with respect to or cause to exist any other employee benefit plan, program or arrangement, (B) to enter into any Contract to provide compensation or benefits to any individual or (C) to modify, change or terminate any Plan, other than with respect to a modification, change or termination required by ERISA or the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code).

(c)None of the Plans is a multiemployer plan within the meaning of Section 3(37) or 4001(a)(3) of ERISA (a “Multiemployer Plan) or a single employer pension plan within the meaning of Section 4001(a)(15) of ERISA for which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries could incur liability under Section 4063 or 4064 of ERISA (a “Multiple Employer Plan”).  Neither the Company nor any ERISA Affiliate sponsors, maintains or contributes to, has any obligation to contribute to, or has ever contributed to, sponsored or maintained, or incurred any liability (contingent or otherwise) or obligation with respect to, any employee benefit plan subject to Title IV of ERISA.  

(d)None of the Plans provides for the payment of separation, severance, termination or similar-type benefits to any person.  None of the Plans provides for or promises retiree medical, disability or life insurance benefits to any current or former employee, officer or director of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.  Each of the Plans is maintained in the United States and is subject only to the Laws of the United States or a political subdivision thereof.

(e)Each Plan is now and always has been operated in all respects in accordance with its terms and the requirements of all applicable Laws, including ERISA and the Code.  Each of the Company and its ERISA Affiliates has performed all obligations required to be performed by it and is not in any respect in default under or in violation under any Plan, nor do the Sellers have any Knowledge of any such default or violation by any other party to any Plan.  

(f)Each Plan that is intended to be qualified under Section 401(a) of the Code has received a timely favorable determination letter from the IRS, covering all of the provisions applicable to the Plan for which determination letters are available, that the Plan is so qualified. To the Knowledge of the Sellers, no fact or event has occurred since the date of such determination letter or letters from the IRS that could adversely affect the qualified status of any such Plan.

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(g)There has not been any non-exempt prohibited transaction, within the meaning of Section 406 of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code, with respect to any Plan.  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has incurred any liability under, arising out of or by operation of Title IV of ERISA, including any liability in connection with (i) the termination or reorganization of any employee benefit plan subject to Title IV of ERISA or (ii) the withdrawal from any Multiemployer Plan or Multiple Employer Plan, and no fact or event exists that would give rise to any such liability.

(h)All contributions, premiums or payments required to be made with respect to any Plan have been made (or will be) on or before their due dates.  All such contributions have been fully deducted for income tax purposes.  No such deduction has been challenged or disallowed by any Governmental Authority and no fact or event exists that would give rise to any such challenge or disallowance.  All of the Plans are fully funded and there exists no event or condition that has or will subject Buyer to any liability (contingent or otherwise) under the terms of the Plans, ERISA, the Code, or any other applicable law, other than contributions, benefits or liabilities contemplated by such Plans.

(i)There are no Actions or claims (other than routine claims for benefits) pending or, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, threatened, anticipated or expected to be asserted with respect to any Plan or any related trust or other funding medium thereunder or with respect to the Company or any ERISA Affiliate as the sponsor or fiduciary thereof and, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, no fact or event exists that would give rise to any such Action.

(j)No Plan or any related trust or other funding medium thereunder or any fiduciary thereof is, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, the subject of an audit, investigation or examination by any Governmental Authority.

(k)The Company and its ERISA Affiliates do not maintain any Plan which is a “group health plan,” as such term is defined in Section 5000(b)(1) of the Code, that has not been administered and operated in all respects in compliance with the applicable requirements of Section 601 of ERISA, Section 4980B(b) of the Code and the applicable provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1986.  The Company is not subject to any liability, including additional contributions, fines, penalties or loss of tax deduction, but excluding the payment of premiums, as a result of such administration and operation.

(l)With respect to each Plan that is a “nonqualified deferred compensation plan” (as defined for purposes of Section 409A(d)(1) of the Code), (i) such plan or arrangement has been operated since January 1, 2005 in compliance with Section 409A of the Code and all applicable IRS guidance promulgated thereunder to the extent such plan or arrangement is subject to Section 409A of the Code and so as to avoid any tax, interest or penalty thereunder; (ii) the document or documents that evidence each such plan or arrangement have conformed to the provisions of Section 409A of the Code and the final regulations under Section 409A of the Code since December 31, 2008; and (iii) as to any such plan or arrangement in existence prior to January 1, 2005 and not subject to Section 409A of the Code, has not been “materially modified” (within the meaning of IRS Notice 2005‑1) at any time after October 3, 2004.  No stock option (whether currently outstanding or previously exercised) is, has been or would be, as applicable, subject to any tax, penalty or interest under Section 409A of the Code.

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(m)Neither the execution and delivery of this Agreement nor the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement will, either alone or in combination with any other event, (i) result in any payment, including any change in control or severance payment, becoming due to any current or former employee, officer, director or independent contractor, (ii) increase any benefits otherwise payable under any Plan, (iii) result in the acceleration of the time of payment or vesting of any such benefits under any Plan, or (iv) require any contributions or payments to fund any obligations under any Plan.  The Company is not obligated to make any payments, including under any Plan, in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement that reasonably could be expected to be “excess parachute payments” pursuant to Section 280G of the Code. There is no Contract or Plan to which any of the Company or any Subsidiary is a party or is otherwise bound to compensate any person in respect of taxes or other penalties pursuant to Section 409A or 4999 of the Code.

Section 3.13Labor and Employment Matters.

(a)Schedule 3.13(a) of the Disclosure Schedules sets forth a true and complete list of (i) all individuals who serve as employees of or independent contractors to the Company as of the date hereof, (ii) in the case of employees, the position, base compensation payable, bonus opportunity, date of hire, employment status and job classification (exempt or non-exempt) for each such individual, and (iii) in the case of each such consultant, the consulting rate payable to such individual.

(b)Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is a party to any labor or collective bargaining Contract that pertains to employees of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.  There are no, and during the past five years have been no, organizing activities or collective bargaining arrangements that could affect the Company or any of its Subsidiaries pending or under discussion with any labor organization or group of employees of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.  There is no, and during the past five years there has been no, labor dispute, strike, controversy, slowdown, work stoppage or lockout pending or, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, threatened against or affecting the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, nor is there any basis for any of the foregoing.  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has breached or otherwise failed to comply with the provisions of any collective bargaining or union Contract.  There are no pending or, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, threatened union grievances or union representation questions involving employees of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

(c)The Company is and during the past five years has been in compliance in all material respects with all applicable Laws respecting employment, including discrimination or harassment in employment, terms and conditions of employment, termination of employment, wages, overtime classification, hours, occupational safety and health, employee whistle-blowing, immigration, employee privacy, employment practices and classification of employees, consultants and independent contractors.  The Company is not engaged in any unfair labor practice, as defined in the National Labor Relations Act or other applicable Laws.  No unfair labor practice or labor charge or complaint is pending or, to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened with respect to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries before the National Labor Relations Board, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission or any other Governmental Authority.

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(d)The Company and each of its Subsidiaries have withheld and paid to the appropriate Governmental Authority or are holding for payment not yet due to such Governmental Authority all amounts required to be withheld from employees of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and are not liable for any arrears of wages, taxes, penalties or other sums for failure to comply with any applicable Laws relating to the employment of labor.  The Company and each of its Subsidiaries have paid in full to all their respective employees or adequately accrued in accordance with GAAP for all wages, salaries, commissions, bonuses, benefits and other compensation due to or on behalf of such employees.

(e)To the Knowledge of the Company, each employee of the Company working in the United States is a United States citizen or has a current and valid work visa or otherwise has the lawful right to work in the United States.  The Company has in its files a Form I-9 that, to the Knowledge of the Company, was completed in accordance with applicable law for each employee of the Company or whom such form is required under applicable law.

(f)Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is a party to, or otherwise bound by, any consent decree with, or citation by, any Governmental Authority relating to employees or employment practices.  None of the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any of its or their executive officers has received within the past five years any notice of intent by any Governmental Authority responsible for the enforcement of labor or employment laws to conduct an investigation relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, no such investigation is in progress.

(g)There has not been, and no Seller anticipates or has any reason to believe that there will be, any adverse change in relations with employees as a result of the announcement of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.  To the Knowledge of the Sellers, no current employee or officer of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries intends, or is expected, to terminate his employment relationship with such entity following the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby.

Section 3.14Title to, Sufficiency and Condition of Assets.

(a)The Company and its Subsidiaries have good and valid title to or a valid leasehold interest in all of their assets, including all of the assets reflected on the Balance Sheet or acquired in the ordinary course of business since the Balance Sheet Date, except those sold or otherwise disposed of for fair value since the Balance Sheet Date in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice.  The assets owned or leased by the Company and its Subsidiaries constitute all of the assets reasonably necessary for the Company and its Subsidiaries to carry on their respective businesses as currently conducted.  None of the assets owned or leased by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is subject to any Encumbrance, other than (i) liens for Taxes not yet past due or being contested in good faith by appropriate procedures, in each case for which adequate reserves have been established in accordance with GAAP, (ii) mechanics’, workmen’s, repairmen’s, warehousemen’s and carriers’ liens arising in the ordinary course of business of the Company or such Subsidiary consistent with past practice and (iii) any such matters of record, Encumbrances and other imperfections of title that do not, individually or in the aggregate, materially impair the continued ownership, use and operation of the assets to which they relate in the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries as currently conducted (collectively, “Permitted Encumbrances).

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(b)All tangible assets owned or leased by the Company or its Subsidiaries have been maintained in all material respects in accordance with generally accepted industry practice, are in all material respects in good operating condition and repair, ordinary wear and tear excepted, and are adequate for the uses to which they are being put.

This Section 3.14 does not relate to real property or interests in real property, such items being the subject of Section 3.15, or to Intellectual Property, such items being the subject of Section 3.16.

Section 3.15Real Property.

(a)There is no Owned Real Property.  Schedule 3.15(a) of the Disclosure Schedules sets forth a true and complete list of all Leased Real Property.  Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries has valid leasehold title to all Leased Real Property pursuant and subject to the leases set forth on Schedule 3.15(a) of the Disclosure Schedules, in each case, free and clear of all Encumbrances except Permitted Encumbrances.  The Company has not received written notice that any of its leasehold interests in Leased Real Property is subject to any governmental decree or order to be sold or is being condemned, expropriated, re-zoned or otherwise taken by any public authority with or without payment of compensation therefor, nor, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, has any such condemnation, expropriation or taking been proposed by any Governmental Authority.  All leases of Leased Real Property and all amendments and modifications thereto are in full force and effect, and the Company has not received written notice of any continuing default under any such lease by the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any other party thereto, nor any event which, with notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute a default thereunder by the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any other party thereto.  All leases of Leased Real Property shall remain valid and binding in accordance with their terms immediately following the Closing.  

(b)Sellers are not a party to any contract that precludes or restricts, and to the Knowledge of the Sellers there are no legal restrictions from any Governmental Authority that preclude or restrict, the ability to use any Leased Real Property by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries for the current use of such real property.  There are no material latent defects or material adverse physical conditions adversely affecting the conduct of the Company’s Business at any Leased Real Property.  All plants, warehouses, distribution centers, structures and other buildings on the Leased Real Property are adequately maintained and are in good operating condition and repair, ordinary wear and tear excepted, for the requirements of the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries as currently conducted.

Section 3.16Intellectual Property.

(a)Schedule 3.16(a) of the Disclosure Schedules sets forth a true and complete list of all registered and material unregistered Marks, Patents, registered Copyrights, a non-confidential description of material Trade Secrets, domain names, URLs, or social media identifiers, including any pending applications (including intent to use applications) to register any of the foregoing, owned (in whole or in part) by or exclusively licensed to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, identifying for each whether it is owned by or exclusively licensed to the Company or the relevant Subsidiary, and any other Intellectual Property that is material to the

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business of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, including any Software or other subject matter owned (in whole or in part) by or exclusively licensed to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries that embodies or is protected by Intellectual Property and that is material to the business or any of its Subsidiaries.

(b)No registered or issued Intellectual Property listed on Schedule 3.16(a) of the Disclosure Schedules (“Company Registered IP) has been or is now involved in any opposition, cancellation derivation, interference, reissue, reexamination or other post-grant proceeding and, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, no such proceeding is or has been threatened with respect to any of such Company Registered IP.  

(c)The Company or its Subsidiaries exclusively own, free and clear of any and all Encumbrances, all Intellectual Property identified on Schedule 3.16(a) of the Disclosure Schedules and all other Intellectual Property and all other Intellectual Property purportedly owned by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, including all Intellectual Property developed by or for the Company or any of its Subsidiaries by any of their respective current or former employees, contractors or consultants.  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received any written notice or claim challenging the Company’s ownership of any of the Intellectual Property owned (in whole or in part) by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, nor to the Knowledge of the Sellers is there a reasonable basis for any claim that the Company does not so own any of such Intellectual Property.  The Company and its Subsidiaries each has the exclusive, unrestricted right to sue for past, present and future infringement of the Intellectual Property it owns, including the Intellectual Property of which it is listed as the owner on Schedule 3.16(a) of the Disclosure Schedules, subject in all cases to applicable Law.

(d)Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries has taken all reasonable steps in accordance with standard industry practices to protect its rights in its Intellectual Property and at all times has maintained the confidentiality of all information that constitutes or constituted a Trade Secret of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and has protected the confidentiality of all trade secrets and other confidential information of any third party in accordance with all of its contractual obligations.  All current and former employees, consultants and contractors of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries have executed and delivered proprietary information, confidentiality and assignment agreements substantially in the Company’s standard forms.  No source code of any Software owned by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has been licensed or otherwise been provided to a third party other than to consultants and contractors performing work on behalf of the Company or a Subsidiary thereof who are bound by confidentiality obligations of customary scope with respect to such source code.

(e)All Company Registered IP is valid and subsisting and, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, enforceable, and neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received any notice or claim challenging the validity or enforceability of any Company Registered IP or alleging any misuse of such Company Registered IP or Trade Secrets.  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has taken any action or failed to take any action that could reasonably be expected to result in the abandonment, cancellation, forfeiture, relinquishment, invalidation or unenforceability of any of the Company Registered IP (including the failure to pay any filing, examination, issuance, post registration and maintenance fees, annuities and the like and the failure to disclose any known material prior art in connection with the prosecution of patent applications).

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(f)The development, manufacture, sale, distribution or other commercial exploitation of products, and the provision of any services, by or on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, and all of the other activities or operations of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, have not infringed upon, misappropriated or violated, and do not infringe upon, misappropriate or violate, any Intellectual Property of any third party, and, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received any notice or claim asserting or suggesting that any such infringement, misappropriation or violation is or may be occurring or has or may have occurred, nor to the Knowledge of the Sellers, is there a reasonable basis therefor.  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received any unsolicited written request or invitation to take a license under any Patents owned by a third party.  No Intellectual Property owned by or licensed to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is subject to any outstanding order, judgment, decree, or stipulation or other Action restricting the use or licensing thereof by the Company or its Subsidiaries. To the Knowledge of the Sellers, no third party is misappropriating, infringing, diluting or violating any Intellectual Property owned by or exclusively licensed to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in a material manner.

(g)Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has (i) transferred ownership in the prior two years of any Intellectual Property that is material to its business at the time of transfer or (ii) granted any exclusive license with respect to any Intellectual Property material to the Company’s or its Subsidiaries’ business.  Upon the consummation of the Closing, the Buyer (through its ownership of the Company) shall succeed to all of the material Intellectual Property rights reasonably necessary for the conduct of the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ businesses as they are currently and proposed to be conducted and all of such rights shall be exercisable by the Company and its Subsidiaries to the same extent as by the Company and its Subsidiaries prior to the Closing.  No loss or expiration of any of the material Intellectual Property used by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in the conduct of its business is pending or, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, threatened.

(h)The execution, delivery and performance by the Sellers of this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements, and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby, will not give rise to any right of any third party to terminate or re-price or otherwise modify any of the Company’s or any of its Subsidiaries’ rights or obligations under any material agreement under which any right or license of or under Intellectual Property is granted to or by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

(i)No Governmental Authority, university or educational institution has sponsored, or provided any funding or facilities for, any research and development activities relating to the business of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and no Governmental Authority, university or educational institution has asserted, or has any reasonable basis for asserting, any claim of ownership to any Intellectual Property owned or purported to be owned by the Company or its Subsidiaries that is necessary for or material to the conduct of the Business of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

(j)Schedule 3.16(j) of the Disclosure Schedules lists all Open Source Software used by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and: (i) identifies the license applicable thereto (including, where available, the specific version thereof under which such Open Source Software were licensed); (ii) identifies, where available, a URL at which the applicable Open

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Source Software are available and at which the applicable license is identified; (iii) describes the manner in which such Open Source Software has been used or distributed; and (iv) in the case of Open Source Software licensed under a Copyleft License, describes how such Open Source Software has been integrated or combined with or linked to any proprietary Software of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has used, incorporated or distributed Open Source Software licensed under a Copyleft License in a manner that has caused the Company or such Subsidiary to be obligated under such Copyleft License to make publicly available or otherwise disclose to any third party the Company’s proprietary Software in source code form or that otherwise obligates the Company or such Subsidiary to license such proprietary Software pursuant to the terms of a Copyleft License.  The Company and each of its Subsidiaries are and have been in material compliance with all applicable licenses with respect to any Open Source Software, and neither the Company nor its Subsidiaries have received any request from any Person that the Company or such Subsidiary disclose the source code of any proprietary Software owned by the Company or its Subsidiaries pursuant to the terms of a Copyleft License.

Section 3.17Taxes.

(a)Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries has timely and properly filed (taking into account valid extensions of time to file) all Tax Returns required to have been filed by or on behalf of it, and such Tax Returns are true, correct and complete in all material respects.  The Company has delivered or made available to Buyer true, correct and complete copies of (i) all United States federal and state, local and foreign income Tax Returns and other material Tax Returns filed by or on behalf of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries and (ii) all audit reports, letter rulings, technical advice memoranda and similar documents issued by a Governmental Authority relating to Taxes, and all requests for any of the foregoing, with respect to the Company and each of its Subsidiaries, in either case for all tax periods starting on or after January 1, 2013.  

(b)Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries has timely paid all Taxes required to have been paid by it that have become due prior to the Closing (whether or not such Taxes were shown or reportable on any Tax Return).

(c)The unpaid Taxes of the Company and its Subsidiaries accrued as of the Balance Sheet Date do not exceed the accruals for current Taxes set forth on the Balance Sheet included in the Interim Financial Statements, and no unpaid Taxes of the Company and its Subsidiaries has been incurred since the Balance Sheet Date other than in the ordinary course of business of the Company and its Subsidiaries consistent with amounts previously paid with respect to such Taxes for similar periods in prior years, adjusted for changes in ordinary course operating results.  The unpaid Taxes of the Company and its Subsidiaries incurred since the Balance Sheet Date do not exceed $25,000.  The Company and its Subsidiaries have each at all times used the accrual method of accounting for income Tax purposes.

(d)The Company and its Subsidiaries have materially complied with all applicable Laws relating to the withholding of Taxes and the remittance of withheld Taxes.

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(e)Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has waived any statute of limitations in respect of Taxes, or is currently the beneficiary of any extension of time within which to file a Tax Return. No power of attorney has been executed by or on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries with respect to Taxes that is currently in force.

(f)There are no Encumbrances for Taxes upon the assets of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, other than Encumbrances described in clause (i) of the definition of Permitted Encumbrances.  

(g)No claim has been made by any Governmental Authority in writing (or, to the Knowledge of the Company, verbally) to the effect that the Company or any of its Subsidiaries did not file a Tax Return that it was required to file or pay a type of Tax that it was required to pay.

(h)Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is or has been a party to or the subject of any Actions relating to Taxes (“Tax Actions), or has any Knowledge of any proposed or threatened Tax Action, and there are no matters under discussion with any Governmental Authority with respect to the liability of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries with respect to Taxes.  All deficiencies asserted or assessments made or proposed against the Company and any of its Subsidiaries with respect to Taxes have been paid in full.  No Tax rulings have been applied for or received by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

(i)Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is a party to or bound by (i) any Tax indemnity, Tax sharing, Tax allocation or similar agreement, (ii) any other express or implied agreement under which it could have liability for any other Person’s Taxes, or (iii) any closing agreement, gain recognition agreement, offer in compromise or any other agreement with any Governmental Authority.  

(j)Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has ever been a member of an affiliated group of corporations within the meaning of Section 1504 of the Code, or a member of a combined, consolidated, unitary or other group for state, local or foreign Tax purposes (other than a group the common parent of which is the Company).  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has any liability for Taxes of any other Person (including any predecessor) by operation of Law, Contract or otherwise.

(k)Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary has agreed to or will be required to include any item of income in, or exclude any item of deduction from, taxable income for any taxable period (or portion thereof) ending after the Closing Date as a result of: (i) any change in or use of improper method of accounting for Tax purposes for a Pre-Closing Tax Period (including by reason of Section 481 or 263A of the Code or any similar provisions of state, local or foreign Law), (ii) prepaid amount or deferred revenue received on or prior to the Closing Date, (iii) election made prior to the Closing (including an election under Section 108(i) of the Code) or (iv) installment sale or open transaction entered into prior to the Closing Date.

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(l)Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has engaged in a transaction that would constitute a “reportable transaction” within the meaning of Section 6111 of the Code (or any similar provision of state, foreign or local tax Law).  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is, or has ever been, (i) a part to any joint venture, partnership or other arrangement or Contract that could be treated as a partnership for federal income Tax purposes, (ii) a United States real property holding corporation, as defined in Section 897(c)(2) of the Code, (iii) a “distributing corporation” or a “controlled corporation” in connection with a distribution described or intended to be described in Section 355 of the Code or (iv) a personal holding company under Section 542 of the Code.  

(m)Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries (i) is or was subject to Tax in a country outside of the country in which it is organized, (ii) currently has or has ever had a permanent establishment (as defined in any applicable tax treaty) or other fixed place of business, or has engaged in a trade or business, in a country other than the country in which it is organized or (iii) is currently or has been a party to or the beneficiary of any Tax exemption, Tax holiday or other Tax reduction Contract or order.

(n)No current or former non-U.S. Subsidiary of the Company has invested in “United States property” within the meaning of Section 956 of the Code.

(o)HTA Holdings (i) has made a valid election under Section 1362(a)(1) of the Code to be treated as an “S corporation” within the meaning of Section 1361 and 1362 of the Code (and a similar election under any similar provision of state and local Tax Law) (an “S Corp) and (ii) has at all times since its formation been an S Corp, and no action has been taken to terminate and no condition exists which could result in the termination of HTA Holdings’ S Corp status.  Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries, other than Canada, has at all times since its formation been either a partnership or a disregarded entity for U.S. federal and applicable state income tax purposes.  The Company has never had, and has no potential for, any liability for any Tax under Section 1374 of the Code (or any analogous provision of state or local Law).

(p)For purposes of this Section 3.17, where the context permits, (i) each reference to the Company or its Subsidiaries shall include a reference to any other Person for whose Taxes the Company or its Subsidiaries, respectively, is or could be held liable under Law and (ii) each reference to the Company (other than, for the avoidance of doubt, any reference to the Company in Section 3.16(o) shall include a reference to HTA Holdings).

Section 3.18Environmental Matters.

(a)Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries is and has been in compliance with all applicable Environmental Laws.  None of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has received during the past five years, nor is there any basis for, any notice, request for information, communication or complaint from a Governmental Authority or other Person alleging that the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has any liability under any Environmental Law or is not in compliance with any Environmental Law.

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(b)No Hazardous Substances are or have been present (except for substances which otherwise would be included in such definition but which are of kinds and amounts ordinarily utilized in similar properties and which are otherwise in compliance with all Environmental Laws and any Environmental Permits issued pursuant thereto), and there is and has been no Release or threatened Release of Hazardous Substances nor any Remediation or corrective action of any kind relating thereto, on, in, at or under any properties (including any buildings, structures, improvements, soils or subsurface strata, surface water bodies or drainage ways, and ground waters thereof) (i) currently or formerly owned, leased or operated by or for the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any predecessor company; (ii) to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has sent any Hazardous Substances; or (iii) with respect to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries may be liable.  No underground improvement, including any treatment or storage tank or water, gas or oil well, is or has been located on any property described in the foregoing sentence.  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is actually, contingently, potentially or allegedly liable for any Release of, threatened Release of or contamination by Hazardous Substances or otherwise under any Environmental Law.

(c)There is no pending or, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, threatened investigation by any Governmental Authority, nor any pending or, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, threatened Action with respect to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries relating to Hazardous Substances or otherwise under any Environmental Law.

(d)Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries holds all Environmental Permits, and is and has been in compliance therewith.  Neither the execution, delivery or performance of this Agreement nor the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby will (i) require any notice to or consent of any Governmental Authority or other Person pursuant to any applicable Environmental Law or Environmental Permit or (ii) subject any Environmental Permit to suspension, cancellation, modification, revocation or nonrenewal.

(e)The Company and its Subsidiaries have provided to the Buyer all permits, audits and other reports pertaining to compliance with Environmental Law and all “Phase I,” “Phase II” or other environmental reports in their possession, or to which they have reasonable access, addressing every location ever owned, operated or leased by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or at which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries actually, potentially or allegedly may have liability under any Environmental Law.

(f)For purposes of this Agreement:

(i)Environmental Laws means:  any Laws of any Governmental Authority relating to (A) Releases or threatened Releases of Hazardous Substances or materials containing Hazardous Substances; (B) the manufacture, handling, transport, use, treatment, storage or disposal of Hazardous Substances or materials containing Hazardous Substances; or (C) pollution or protection of the environment, health, safety or natural resources.

(ii)Environmental Permits means all Permits required under any Environmental Law.

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(iii)Hazardous Substances means:  (A) those substances defined in or regulated under the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (“CERCLA), the Clean Water Act, the Safe Drinking Water Act, the Atomic Energy Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act, the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act and the Clean Air Act, and their state counterparts, as each may be amended from time to time, and all regulations thereunder; (B) petroleum and petroleum products, including crude oil and any fractions thereof; (C) natural gas, synthetic gas, and any mixtures thereof; (D) lead, polychlorinated biphenyls, asbestos and radon; and (E) any substance, material or waste regulated by any Governmental Authority pursuant to any Environmental Law.

(iv)Release has the meaning set forth in Section 101(22) of CERCLA (42 U.S.C. § 9601(22)), but not subject to the exceptions in Subsections (A) and (D) of 42 U.S.C. § 9601(22).

(v)Remediation means (A) any remedial action, remedy, response or removal action as those terms are defined in 42 U.S.C. § 9601, (B) any corrective action as that term has been construed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 6924, and (C) any measures or actions required or undertaken to investigate, assess, evaluate, monitor, or otherwise delineate the presence or Release of any Hazardous Substances in or into the environment or to prevent, clean up or minimize a Release or threatened release of Hazardous Substances.

Section 3.19Material Contracts.

(a)Except as set forth in Schedule 3.19(a) of the Disclosure Schedules, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is a party to or is bound by any Contract of the following nature (such Contracts as are required to be set forth in Schedule 3.19(a) of the Disclosure Schedules being “Material Contracts):

(i)any broker, distributor, dealer, manufacturer’s representative, franchise, agency, continuing sales or purchase, sales promotion, market research, marketing, consulting or advertising Contract, other than those Contracts set forth in Schedule 3.24(a);

(ii)any Contract relating to or evidencing Indebtedness in excess of $150,000 individually;

(iii)any Contract pursuant to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has provided funds to or made any loan, capital contribution or other investment in, or assumed any liability or obligation of, any Person, including take-or-pay contracts or keepwell agreements;

(iv)any Contract with any Related Party of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries;

(v)any employment or consulting Contract, other than Contracts for employment covered in clause (iv), that involves an aggregate future or potential liability in excess of $200,000;

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(vi)any Contract that limits, or purports to limit, the ability of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to compete in any line of business or with any Person or in any geographic area or during any period of time, or that restricts the right of the Company and its Subsidiaries to sell to or purchase from any Person or to hire any Person, or that grants the other party or any third person “most favored nation” status or any type of special discount rights;

(vii)any Contract that requires a consent to or otherwise contains a provision relating to a “change of control,” or that would prohibit or delay the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements;

(viii)any Contract pursuant to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is the lessee or lessor of, or holds, uses, or makes available for use to any Person (other than the Company or a Subsidiary thereof), (A) any real property or (B) any tangible personal property and, in the case of clause (B), that involves an aggregate future or potential liability or receivable, as the case may be, in excess of $150,000;

(ix)any Contract for the sale or purchase of any real property, or for the sale or purchase of any tangible personal property in an amount in excess of $150,000;

(x)any Contract providing for indemnification to or from any Person with respect to liabilities relating to any current or former business of the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any predecessor Person;

(xi)(A) any Contract under which the Company receives a license of any Intellectual Property, excluding any agreement under which the Company receives access to software that is made available as a “software-as-a-service” or “cloud” offering or under which commercially available “off-the-shelf” Software is licensed to the Company in object code form for internal use only pursuant to the standard commercial terms, in each case, for aggregate fees of less than $50,000; (B) any Contract under which the Company grants to a third party any rights under or with respect to any Intellectual Property other than non-exclusive end user licenses granted to customers in the ordinary course of business based on the Company’s standard terms and conditions; or (C) any Contract that limits the Company’s rights to use or otherwise exploit, enforce or register Intellectual Property owned by the Company, including all covenants not to sue and co-existence agreements;

(xii)any joint venture or partnership, merger, asset or stock purchase or divestiture Contract relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries;

(xiii)any Contract with any labor union or providing for benefits under any Plan;

(xiv)any hedging, futures, options or other derivative Contract;

(xv)any Contract for the purchase of any debt or equity security or other ownership interest of any Person, or for the issuance of any debt or equity security or other ownership interest, or the conversion of any obligation, instrument or security into debt or equity securities or other ownership interests of, the Company or any of its Subsidiaries;

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(xvi)any Contract relating to settlement of any administrative or judicial proceedings within the past five years;

(xvii)any Contract that results in any Person holding a power of attorney from the Company or any of its Subsidiaries that relates to the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective businesses; and

(xviii)any other Contract, whether or not made in the ordinary course of business that (A) involves a future or potential liability or receivable, as the case may be, in excess of $200,000 on an annual basis or in excess of $200,000 over the current Contract term, (B) has a term greater than one year and cannot be cancelled by the Company or a Subsidiary of the Company without penalty or further payment and without more than 60 days’ notice or (C) is material to the business, operations, assets, financial condition, results of operations or prospects of the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole.

(b)Each Material Contract is a legal, valid, binding and enforceable agreement and is in full force and effect and will continue to be in full force and effect on identical terms immediately following the Closing Date.  None of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or, to the Knowledge of the Sellers, any other party is in material breach or violation of, or (with or without notice or lapse of time or both) default under, any Material Contract, nor has the Company or any of its Subsidiaries received any claim of any such breach, violation or default.  To the Knowledge of the Sellers, Company or any Subsidiary, no event, condition or omission exists or has occurred which, individually or in the aggregate, with or without the giving of notice or the lapse of time or both, would constitute, or would reasonably be expected to result in, a material breach of or a material default under any Material Contract.  The Sellers have delivered or made available to the Buyer true and complete copies of all Material Contracts, including any amendments thereto.

Section 3.20Affiliate Interests and Transactions.

(a)No Related Party of the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries:  (i) owns or has owned, directly or indirectly, any equity or other financial or voting interest in any competitor, supplier, licensor, lessor, distributor, independent contractor or customer of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or their business; (ii) owns or has owned, directly or indirectly, or has or has had any interest in any property (real or personal, tangible or intangible) that the Company or any of its Subsidiaries uses or has used in or pertaining to the business of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries; (iii) has or has had any business dealings or a financial interest in any transaction with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or involving any assets or property of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, other than business dealings or transactions conducted in the ordinary course of business at prevailing market prices and on prevailing market terms; or (iv) is or has been employed by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.  There are no Contracts by and between the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, on the one hand, and any Related Party of the Sellers or the Company or any its Subsidiaries, on the other hand, pursuant to which such Related Party provides or receives any information, assets, properties, support or other services to or from the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (including Contracts relating to billing, financial, tax, accounting, data processing, human resources, administration, legal services, information technology and other corporate overhead matters).  Subsequent to the Closing, the Company and its Subsidiaries will own or have a valid license to all assets, properties and rights currently used in the conduct or operation of their business.

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(b)There are no outstanding notes payable to, accounts receivable from or advances by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to, and neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is otherwise a debtor or creditor of, or has any liability or other obligation of any nature to, any Related Party of the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries which are not Transaction Expenses.  Since the date of the Balance Sheet, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has incurred any obligation or liability to, or entered into or agreed to enter into any transaction with or for the benefit of, any Related Party of the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, other than the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements.

Section 3.21Insurance.  Schedule 3.21 of the Disclosure Schedules sets forth a true and complete list of all casualty, directors and officers liability, general liability, product liability and all other types of insurance policies maintained with respect to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, together with the carriers and liability limits for each such policy.  All such policies are in full force and effect and no application therefor included a material misstatement or omission.  All premiums with respect thereto have been paid to the extent due.  No Seller has received notice of, nor to the Knowledge of the Sellers is there threatened, any cancellation, termination, reduction of coverage or material premium increases with respect to any such policy.  No claim currently is pending under any such policy involving an amount in excess of $50,000, no carrier has issued a reservation of rights with regard to any claims disclosed, and no limits under any such policy have been exhausted or impaired.  The Company and its Subsidiaries have reported to the applicable insurance carriers each event, circumstance, occurrence or state of facts that would reasonably be expected to give rise to a material and insurable claim under any of insurance policy set forth on Schedule 3.21 of the Disclosure Schedules.  Schedule 3.21 of the Disclosure Schedules identifies which insurance policies are “occurrence” or “claims made” and which Person is the policy holder.  Such insurance policies are (i) of the types and for the amounts of coverage reasonable in the context of the business and operations in which the Company and its Subsidiaries are engaged, and (ii) sufficient to comply with all applicable legal requirements and Contracts to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party or by which they may otherwise be bound, and there are no gaps in the pre-Closing insurance programs of the Company and its Subsidiaries.  The activities and operations of the Company and its Subsidiaries have been conducted in a manner so as to conform in all material respects to all applicable provisions of such insurance policies.  The consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements will not cause a cancellation or reduction in the coverage of such policies.

Section 3.22Privacy and Security.

(a)The Company and each of its Subsidiaries at all times has complied and complies in all material respects (and requires and monitors the compliance of applicable third parties) with all applicable U.S., state, foreign and multinational Laws (including EC Directive 95/46 and its implementations in the EU Member States, the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (and all state and foreign Laws similar thereto), the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act and California Civil Code section 1798.81.5) relating to privacy or data security, and their own published, posted and internal agreements and policies (which are in material conformance with generally-adopted industry practice) (all of the foregoing collectively, “Privacy Laws”) with respect to:  personally identifiable information (including name, address, telephone number,

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electronic mail address, social security number, bank account number or credit card number), sensitive personal information that is the subject of applicable Privacy Laws and any special categories of personal information regulated thereunder or covered thereby (“Personal Information), whether any of same is accessed or used by the Company or its Subsidiaries or any of their respective business partners.  To the Knowledge of the Sellers, there are no facts or circumstances that would reasonably be expected to give rise to a violation by the Company or its Subsidiaries of any Privacy Law.

(b)The Company and its Subsidiaries post all policies with respect to the matters set forth in Section 3.22(a) on their respective Websites in conformance with Privacy Laws.  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries uses, collects, or receives any Personal Information, except as disclosed in such policies.

(c)To the Company’s Knowledge, Persons with which the Company or its Subsidiaries have contractual relationships have not breached any agreements with the Company or its Subsidiaries or any Privacy Laws pertaining to Personal Information  to which such Persons have received access from the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

(d)The Company and its Subsidiaries take all commercially reasonable steps to protect the operation, confidentiality, integrity and security of their respective Software, Systems and Websites and all information and transactions stored or contained therein or transmitted thereby (including all customer, employee and other confidential information) against any unauthorized or improper use, access, transmittal, interruption, modification or corruption, and, to the Company’s Knowledge, there have been no such unauthorized or improper use, access, transmittal, interruption, modification or corruption and breaches of the security of such Software, Systems or Websites that would trigger any notice or other legal obligations of the Company or its Subsidiaries under applicable Privacy Laws.  Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, each of the Company and its Subsidiaries has implemented a comprehensive security plan that (A) identifies internal and external risks to the security of the Company’s or its Subsidiaries’ confidential information and Personal Information and (B) implements, monitors and improves adequate and effective safeguards to control those risks.  The Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ Software and Systems (including the Systems operated by vendors or subcontractors on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries) (x) are adequate for the conduct of the respective businesses of the Company and its Subsidiaries as currently conducted and contemplated to be conducted, and provide sufficient redundancy and speed to materially meet widely adopted standards of comparable businesses in the Company’s industry relating to high availability and (y) are, in all material respects, in good working order and condition and have been used and maintained in accordance with their documentation and manufacturer’s requirements and applicable insurance policies.  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has experienced any material disruption to, or material interruption in, its Systems, or the services provided by the Company or its Subsidiaries through the use of the Systems.  The Company and its Subsidiaries have implemented commercially reasonable disaster recovery plans, including the regular back-up and prompt recovery of the data and information necessary to the conduct of the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries.

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(e)Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries, and each of their respective businesses, products and services, is in compliance with and has at all times complied with all applicable requirements contained in the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards (“PCI DSS) relating to “cardholder data” (as such term is defined in the PCI DSS, as amended from time to time) with respect to all (if any) such cardholder data that has come into its possession.  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received written notice that it is in non-compliance with any PCI DSS standards.  The Company has never experienced a security breach involving any such cardholder data which would trigger any notice or other legal obligations of the Company or its Subsidiaries under applicable Privacy Laws or the PCI DSS.  The Company or any of its Subsidiaries has not received any claims by any Person alleging that the Company or any of its Subsidiaries have violated the PCI DSS, and there have been no known incidents of breach of the PCI DSS by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

Section 3.23Customers and Suppliers.

(a)Schedule 3.23(a) of the Disclosure Schedules sets forth a true and complete list of (i) the names and addresses of all clients (including all revenue-sharing partners) of the Company and its Subsidiaries (including the Sellers and their respective Affiliates) with a billing for each such client of (or, in the case of revenue-sharing partners, that share revenues in excess of) $150,000 or more during the 12 months ended December 31, 2017 (“Major Customers), (ii) the amount for which each such Major Customer was invoiced during such period and (iii) the percentage of the consolidated total sales of the Company and its Subsidiaries represented by sales to each such Major Customer during such period.  No Seller has received any written notice, nor does any Seller have Knowledge, that any of such Major Customers (including the Sellers and their respective Affiliates) (A) has ceased or substantially reduced, or will cease or substantially reduce, use of products or services of the Company or its Subsidiaries or (B) has sought, or is seeking, to reduce the price it will pay for the services of the Company or its Subsidiaries or (C) is contemplating a change to its business or business practices that would result in a reduction to the price Company or its Subsidiaries receives for its products or services or the volume of transactions with Company or its Subsidiaries for such products and services.  None of such Major Customers has otherwise threatened to take any action described in the preceding sentence as a result of the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.  The Contracts pursuant to which the Company and its Subsidiaries provide products or services to each such Major Customer (x) will continue to be in full force and effect for a term of at least three years following the Closing Date and (y) are not terminable by such Major Customer for convenience.  For purposes of general presentation, Schedule 3.23(a) of the Disclosure Schedules shall be redacted to the extent necessary to comply with applicable antitrust Laws, and until the end of the Marketing Period, and in any event not later than three Business Days prior to the Closing, the only Representatives of the Buyer that shall be permitted to view the un-redacted version of Schedule 3.23(a) of the Disclosure Schedules shall be members of the Clean Team.

(b)Schedule 3.23(b) of the Disclosure Schedules sets forth a true and complete list of (i) the names of all suppliers of the Company and its Subsidiaries (including the Sellers and their respective Affiliates) from which the Company or a Subsidiary ordered products or services with an aggregate purchase price for each such supplier of $150,000 or more during the 12 months ended December 31, 2017 and (ii) the amount for which each such supplier

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invoiced the Company or such Subsidiary during such period.  No Seller has received any written notice, nor does any Seller have Knowledge, that there has been any material adverse change in the price of such supplies or services provided by any such supplier (including the Sellers and their respective Affiliates), or that any such supplier (including the Sellers and their respective Affiliates) will not sell supplies or services to the Company and its Subsidiaries at any time after the Closing Date on terms and conditions substantially the same as those used in its current sales to the Company and its Subsidiaries, subject to general and customary price increases.  No such supplier has otherwise threatened to take any action described in the preceding sentence as a result of the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.  For purposes of general presentation, Schedule 3.23(b) of the Disclosure Schedules shall be redacted to the extent necessary to comply with applicable antitrust Laws, and until the end of the Marketing Period, and in any event not later than three Business Days prior to the Closing, the only Representatives of the Buyer that shall be permitted to view the un-redacted version of Schedule 3.23(b) of the Disclosure Schedules shall be members of the Clean Team.

Section 3.24Government Contracts.

(a)Schedule 3.24 of the Disclosure Schedules sets forth a list of all Government Contracts as of the date hereof.  Except as would not have a Material Adverse Effect, (i) the Company and its Subsidiaries have complied with all terms and conditions and other Laws relating to the Government Contract and (ii) all representations and certifications of the Company and its Subsidiaries set forth in or pertaining to the Government Contracts were current, complete and accurate as of their effective date.  No termination notice, cure notice or show-cause notice has been received or is otherwise in effect with respect to any Government Contract.  No payment due to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries under a Government Contract has been withheld or set off.

(b)Neither the Company, any of its Subsidiaries nor any of their respective officers, directors, employees or agents (i) is or has been the subject of any audit (other than in the ordinary course), investigation or indictment with respect to any alleged material irregularity, misstatement or omission arising under or relating to any Government Contract nor received any notice of any of the same; (ii) has conducted or initiated any internal investigation, or made any voluntary or mandatory disclosure to a Governmental Authority, or other prime contractor or higher-tier subcontractor with respect to any alleged or possible material irregularity, misstatement or omission arising under or relating to a Government Contract; (iii) is or has been suspended, debarred or, proposed for suspension or debarment from contracting with any Governmental Authority; or (iv) has been the subject of a finding of non-responsibility or ineligibility regarding contracting with any Governmental Authority.  There exists no Action or material outstanding claims or disputes against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries arising out of or relating to any of the Government Contracts.  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has assigned or purported to assign any of the Government Contracts or proceeds therefrom.

Section 3.25Product Liability and Product Warranty.  Except as set forth in Schedule 3.25 of the Disclosure Schedules, during the last five years, none of the Company or its Subsidiaries has incurred any material Liability as a result of any defect or other deficiency (whether of design, materials, workmanship, labeling, instructions or otherwise) with respect to

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any product designed, manufactured, sold, leased, licensed or delivered, or any service provided by any of the Company or its Subsidiaries, whether such material Liability was incurred by reason of any express or implied warranty (including any warranty of merchantability or fitness), any doctrine of common law (tort, contract, or other), or otherwise.  No Governmental Authority has alleged in writing that any product designed, manufactured, sold, leased, licensed or delivered by any of the Company or its Subsidiaries is defective or unsafe or fails to meet any product warranty or any standards promulgated by any such Governmental Authority.  No product designed, manufactured, sold, leased, licensed or delivered by any of the Company or its Subsidiaries has been recalled, and none of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has been recalled, and none of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has received any written notice of recall (written or oral) of any such product from any Governmental Authority.  

Section 3.26Rollover.

(a)Accredited Investor.  HTA Holdings is an “accredited investor” as such term is defined in Rule 501 promulgated under the Securities Act.

(b)Evaluation of and Ability to Bear Risks.  HTA Holdings has such knowledge and experience in financial affairs that HTA Holdings is capable of evaluating the merits and risks of an investment in the Issuer Shares.  HTA Holdings has not relied in connection with this investment upon any representations, warranties or agreements other than those set forth in this Agreement.  HTA Holdings’ financial situation is such that HTA Holdings can afford to bear the economic risk of holding the Issuer Shares for an indefinite period of time, and HTA Holdings can afford to suffer the complete loss of HTA Holdings’ investment in the Issuer Shares.

(c)Investment Purpose.  HTA Holdings is acquiring the Issuer Shares pursuant to this Agreement for HTA Holdings’ own account and not with a view to or for sale in connection with any distribution of all or any part of the Issuer Shares or HTA Holdings’ interest in any of the Issuer Shares.  HTA Holdings hereby agrees that HTA Holdings will not, directly or indirectly, transfer, offer, sell, pledge, hypothecate or otherwise dispose of all or any part of the Issuer Shares or HTA Holdings’ interest in any of the Issuer Shares (or solicit any offers to buy, purchase or otherwise acquire or take a pledge of all or any part thereof) except in accordance with the terms of the Securityholders Agreement, as it may be amended from time to time, and in a manner that does not violate the registration or any other applicable provisions of the Securities Act (or any other applicable federal securities laws) or any applicable state securities laws.  HTA Holdings understands that HTA Holdings must bear the economic risk of an investment in the Issuer Shares for an indefinite period of time because, among other reasons, the offering and sale of the Issuer Shares have not been registered under the Securities Act, and therefore, the Issuer Shares cannot be sold unless they are subsequently registered under the Securities Act or an exemption from such registration is available.  HTA Holdings also understands that sales or transfers of the Issuer Shares are further restricted by the provisions of the Securityholders Agreement, as it may be amended from time to time, and applicable state securities laws.

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(d)Disclosure.  HTA Holdings hereby acknowledges that it has been given access to an electronic “data room” maintained at Intralinks, which contained, among other items pertaining to the Issuer, copies of the audited consolidated balance sheet of ATS Consolidated, Inc. and its Subsidiaries as at December 31, 2014, December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2016 and the related audited consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, equity and cash flows of ATS Consolidated, Inc. and its Subsidiaries (collectively, the “Issuer Disclosure Materials), and HTA Holdings understands the risks of, and other considerations relating to, the ownership of the Issuer Shares.

(e)Access to Information.  HTA Holdings has been provided an opportunity to ask questions of, and HTA Holdings has received answers thereto from the Issuer and its Representatives regarding the Issuer Disclosure Materials and other matters pertaining to the Rollover, and HTA Holdings has obtained all additional information requested by HTA Holdings of the Issuer and its Representatives.

(f)No Representations.  None of the Issuer, the Buyer, their respective Affiliates or any their respective Representatives has made any representations or warranties to HTA Holdings, other than the representations of the Buyer and the Issuer set forth herein.

(g)Tax Considerations.  HTA Holdings is not relying on the Buyer or the Issuer with respect to individual Tax considerations involved in an investment in the Issuer Shares.

(h)Stop Transfer Restrictions / Legends on Stock Certificates.  HTA Holdings understands that, in addition to any other restrictions or legends required by applicable state securities laws, the Issuer Shares shall include a stop transfer restriction on Issuer’s books or, if any certificate or certificates representing the Issuer Shares are issued, a legend will be placed on any such certificate or certificates representing the Issuer Shares, in each case substantially to the following effect:

THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED BY THIS BOOK-ENTRY POSITION OR CERTIFICATE, AS APPLICABLE, HAVE NOT BEEN REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED, OR UNDER THE SECURITIES LAWS OF ANY STATE AND MAY NOT BE SOLD, TRANSFERRED OR OTHERWISE DISPOSED OF UNLESS REGISTERED UNDER THAT ACT AND UNDER APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS OR GREENLIGHT HOLDING II CORPORATION (THE “COMPANY”) SHALL HAVE RECEIVED AN OPINION OF ITS COUNSEL (IF REQUIRED BY THE COMPANY) THAT REGISTRATION OF SUCH SECURITIES UNDER THAT ACT AND UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS IS NOT REQUIRED.  THE SALE, TRANSFER OR OTHER DISPOSITION OF THE SECURITIES IS ALSO SUBJECT TO COMPLIANCE WITH THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THAT CERTAIN SECURITYHOLDERS AGREEMENT, DATED AS OF [●], AS SUPPLEMENTED, MODIFIED AND AMENDED FROM TIME TO

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TIME, AMONG THE COMPANY AND THE SHAREHOLDERS SIGNATORY THERETO, A COPY OF WHICH AGREEMENT IS AVAILABLE FOR INSPECTION DURING REGULAR BUSINESS HOURS AT THE PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICES OF THE COMPANY.

Section 3.27Intentionally Omitted.

Section 3.28Brokers.  Except for the Morgan Stanley Fee, no broker, finder or investment banker is entitled to any brokerage, finder’s or other fee or commission in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby based upon arrangements made by or on behalf of the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.  The Sellers have furnished to the Buyer a complete and correct copy of all agreements between the Sellers, on the one hand, and Morgan Stanley, on the other hand, pursuant to which such firm would be entitled to any payment related to the transactions contemplated hereby.

Section 3.29Exclusivity of Representations and Warranties.  NOTWITHSTANDING THE DELIVERY OR DISCLOSURE TO BUYER OR ITS AFFILIATES OR REPRESENTATIVES OF ANY DOCUMENTATION OR OTHER INFORMATION (INCLUDING ANY FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS OR OTHER SUPPLEMENTAL DATA), EXCEPT FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT, THE ANCILLARY AGREEMENTS OR ANY SCHEDULE OR CERTIFICATE DELIVERED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS AGREEMENT OR THE ANCILLARY AGREEMENTS, SELLERS EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ANY OTHER REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND OR NATURE, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.  NOTWITHSTANDING ANYTHING TO THE CONTRARY IN THIS SECTION 3.29, CLAIMS AGAINST THE SELLERS OR ANY OTHER PERSON SHALL NOT BE LIMITED IN ANY RESPECT IN THE EVENT OF FRAUD.

Article IV
REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE BUYER and the issuer

Except as set forth in the corresponding sections or subsections of the Buyer Disclosure Schedules attached hereto (collectively, the “Buyer Disclosure Schedules”) (each of which shall qualify only the specifically identified Sections or subsections hereof to which such Buyer Disclosure Schedule relates and any other representations and warranties (or covenants, as applicable) of the Buyer or the Issuer if the relevance of that reference as an exception to (or a disclosure for purposes of) such representations and warranties (or covenants) would be reasonably apparent on its face to a reasonable person who has read that reference and such representations and warranties (or covenants)), each of the Buyer and, solely with respect to Section 4.8, the Issuer, hereby represents and warrants to the Sellers as of the date hereof and as of the Closing Date as follows:

Section 4.1Organization.  The Buyer is a corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of Delaware and has full corporate power and authority to own, lease and operate its properties and to carry on its business as it is now being conducted.

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Section 4.2Authority.  The Buyer has full corporate power and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement and each of the Ancillary Agreements to which it will be a party, to perform its obligations hereunder and thereunder and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby.  The execution, delivery and performance by the Buyer of this Agreement and each of the Ancillary Agreements to which it will be a party and the consummation by the Buyer of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby have been duly and validly authorized by all necessary corporate action.  This Agreement has been, and upon their execution each of the Ancillary Agreements to which the Buyer will be a party will have been, duly executed and delivered by the Buyer and, assuming due execution and delivery by each of the other parties hereto and thereto, this Agreement constitutes, and upon their execution each of the Ancillary Agreements to which the Buyer will be a party will constitute, the legal, valid and binding obligations of the Buyer, enforceable against the Buyer in accordance with their respective terms, except as enforcement may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or similar laws affecting creditors’ rights generally and by general principles of equity (regardless of whether considered in a proceeding in equity or at law).

Section 4.3No Conflict; Required Filings and Consents.

(a)The execution, delivery and performance by the Buyer of this Agreement and each of the Ancillary Agreements to which the Buyer will be a party, and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby, do not and will not:

(i)conflict with or violate the certificate of incorporation or bylaws of the Buyer;

(ii)materially conflict with or violate any Law applicable to the Buyer; or

(iii)result in any breach of, constitute a default (or an event that, with notice or lapse of time or both, would become a default) under or require any consent of any Person pursuant to, any note, bond, mortgage, indenture, agreement, lease, license, permit, franchise, instrument, obligation or other Contract to which the Buyer is a party; in each case except for any such conflicts, violations, breaches, defaults or other occurrences that do not, individually or in the aggregate, materially impair the ability of the Buyer to consummate, or prevent or materially delay, any of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements or would reasonably be expected to do so.

(b)The Buyer is not required to file, seek or obtain any notice, authorization, approval, order, permit or consent of or with any Governmental Authority in connection with the execution, delivery and performance by the Buyer of this Agreement and each of the Ancillary Agreements to which it will be party or the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby, except for such filings as may be required by any applicable federal or state securities or “blue sky” laws.

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Section 4.4Financing.  Buyer has delivered to Sellers complete copies of an executed commitment letter (as the same may be amended pursuant to Section 5.11, the “Debt Financing Commitment), together with the fee letters associated therewith (redacted in a customary manner), pursuant to which the lenders party thereto have agreed, subject to the terms and conditions thereof (including any flex provisions applicable thereto), to provide or cause to be provided the debt amounts set forth therein (the “Debt Financing).  As of the date of this Agreement, the Debt Financing Commitment has not been amended or modified, and the respective commitments contained in the Debt Financing Commitment have not been withdrawn or rescinded.  As of the date of this Agreement, the Debt Financing Commitment is in full force and effect and constitutes the legal, valid and binding obligation of the Buyer and, to the Knowledge of the Buyer, the other parties thereto (except to the extent that enforceability may be limited by the applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, moratorium, reorganization or similar Laws affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights generally or by general principles of equity), and is the only Contract among the Buyer or any of its Affiliates, on the one hand, and the Financing Sources, on the other hand, with respect to the terms and conditions of the Debt Financing (other than (a) fee letters (complete copies of which have been provided to the Sellers (redacted as set forth above)), (b) customary engagement letters and (c) as expressly set forth in the Debt Financing Commitment delivered to the Sellers as of the date hereof).  There are no conditions precedent related to the funding of the full amount of the Debt Financing other than as set forth in or contemplated by the Debt Financing Commitment (subject to customary “flex” provisions the exercise of which would not reasonably be expected to (i) impose additional, or expand existing, conditions precedent to the funding of the Debt Financing in a manner that is adverse in any material respect to the Buyer, (ii) reduce the Debt Financing to an amount committed below the amount that is required, together with other financial resources of the Buyer, to consummate the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or (iii) otherwise materially impair or delay the funding of the Debt Financing at the Closing).  Subject to the terms and conditions of the Debt Financing Commitment and subject to the satisfaction of the conditions contained in Sections 7.2 and 7.3, assuming the accuracy of the representations and warranties of the Sellers set forth in Article III and assuming compliance by the Company and the Sellers with the covenants set forth in Sections 5.1 and 5.11, the aggregate proceeds contemplated by the Debt Financing Commitment, together with other financial resources of Buyer including cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities of Buyer, the Company and its Subsidiaries on the Closing Date, will be sufficient for Buyer to consummate the transactions contemplated by this Agreement upon the terms herein and pay all related fees and expenses.  Assuming the accuracy of the representations and warranties of the Sellers set forth in Article III and assuming compliance by the Company, the Sellers with the covenants set forth in Sections 5.1 and 5.11, in each case to the standards described in Section 7.3(a), Buyer has no reason to believe that any of the conditions set forth in the Debt Financing Commitment will not be satisfied on or before the Outside Date.

Section 4.5Solvency.  Buyer has, and will continue to have, sufficient cash on hand or other sources of immediately available funds to enable it to make payment of the Reverse Termination Fee, if such becomes due and payable in accordance with the terms of this Agreement.  As of the Closing, assuming (a) satisfaction of the conditions to the Buyer’s obligation to consummate the purchase of the Units, (b) the accuracy of the representations and warranties of the Sellers set forth in Article III hereof (for such purposes, such representations and warranties shall be true and correct to the standards described in Section 7.3(a)), and (c) any estimates, projections or forecasts of the Company and its Subsidiaries being reasonably

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realizable, and (d) after giving effect to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including the Debt Financing, the payment of the aggregate Estimated Purchase Price, any other repayment or refinancing of existing indebtedness contemplated by this Agreement or the Debt Financing Commitment, the payment of all amounts required to be paid in connection with the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby and the payment of all related fees and expenses, the Buyer will be Solvent as of the Closing Date immediately following the transactions contemplated hereby.  For purposes of this Section 4.5, “Solvent with respect to the Person means that, as of any date of determination, (i) the fair value of the assets of such Person and its subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, is greater as of such date than the total amount of liabilities, including contingent liabilities, of such Person and its subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis (it being understood that the amount of contingent liabilities at any time shall be computed as the amount that, in light of all the facts and circumstances existing at such time, represents the amount that can reasonably be expected to become an actual or matured liability), (ii) the present fair salable value of the assets of such Person and its subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, is greater as of such date than the total amount of liabilities, including continent liabilities, of such Person and its subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis (it being understood that the amount of contingent liabilities at any time shall be computed as the amount that, in light of all the facts and circumstances existing at such time, represents the amount that can reasonably be expected to become an actual or matured liability), (iii) such Person and its subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis, are able to pay their debts and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as they become absolute and mature in the ordinary course of business on their respective stated maturities and are otherwise “solvent” within the meaning given that term and similar terms under applicable laws relating to fraudulent transfers and conveyances and (iv) such Person and its subsidiaries have adequate capital with which to conduct the business they are presently conducting.

Section 4.6Brokers.  Except for Platinum, the fees of which will be paid by the Buyer, no broker, finder or investment banker is entitled to any brokerage, finder’s or other fee or commission in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby based upon arrangements made by or on behalf of the Buyer.  

Section 4.7Investment Intent.  The Buyer is acquiring the Units for its own account for investment purposes only and not with a view to any public distribution thereof or with any intention of selling, distributing or otherwise disposing of the Units in a manner that would violate the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.  Buyer acknowledges that the Units are not registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or any state securities laws, and that the Units may not be transferred or sold except pursuant to the registration provisions of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended or pursuant to an applicable exemption therefrom and subject to state securities laws and regulations, as applicable.

Section 4.8Issuer Shares.

(a)Organization.  Each of the Issuer and Parent is a corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of Delaware and has full corporate power and authority to own, lease and operate its properties and to carry on its business as it is now being conducted.

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(b)Authority.  Each of the Issuer and Parent has full corporate power and authority to execute and deliver each of the Ancillary Agreements to which it will be a party, to perform its obligations thereunder and to consummate the transactions contemplated thereby.  The execution, delivery and performance by each of the Issuer and Parent of each of the Ancillary Agreements to which it will be a party and the consummation by each of the Issuer and Parent of the transactions contemplated thereby have been duly and validly authorized by all necessary corporate action. Upon their execution each of the Ancillary Agreements to which each of the Issuer and Parent will be a party will have been, duly executed and delivered by the Issuer or Parent (as applicable) and, assuming due execution and delivery by each of the other parties hereto and thereto, upon their execution each of the Ancillary Agreements to which each of the Issuer and Parent will be a party will constitute, the legal, valid and binding obligations of the Issuer or the Parent (as applicable), enforceable against the Issuer or Parent in accordance with their respective terms, except as (i) enforcement may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or similar laws affecting creditors’ rights generally and by general principles of equity (regardless of whether considered in a proceeding in equity or at law), (ii) the enforceability of the indemnification and contribution provisions of the Securityholders Agreement may be limited under applicable federal or state securities laws or the public policy underlying such laws, and (iii) the enforceability of the rights of the Issuer to repurchase its securities pursuant to certain provisions of the Securityholders Agreement may be limited by the Delaware General Corporation Law as to inadequate capital surplus and by fraudulent conveyance or similar laws.

(c)No Conflicts.  The execution, delivery and performance by each of the Issuer and Parent of this Agreement and each of the Ancillary Agreements to which the Issuer or Parent (as applicable) will be a party, and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby, do not and will not:

(i)conflict with or violate the certificate of incorporation or bylaws of the Issuer or Parent (as applicable);

(ii)conflict with or violate any Law applicable to the Issuer or Parent (as applicable); or

(iii)result in any breach of, constitute a default (or an event that, with notice or lapse of time or both, would become a default) under or require any consent of any Person pursuant to, any note, bond, mortgage, indenture, agreement, lease, license, permit, franchise, instrument, obligation or other Contract to which the Issuer or Parent (as applicable) is a party; except for any such conflicts, violations, breaches, defaults or other occurrences that do not, individually or in the aggregate, materially impair the ability of the Issuer or Parent (as applicable) to consummate, or prevent or materially delay, any of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements or would reasonably be expected to do so.

(d)Offer of Issuer Shares.  Neither the Issuer nor any person authorized to act on behalf of the Issuer has taken or will take any action that would subject the transactions contemplated by this Agreement to the registration requirements of the Securities Act.

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(e)Litigation.  Except as set forth on Schedule 4.8(e) of the Buyer Disclosure Schedules, there is no action, proceeding or investigation pending or, to the Knowledge of the Buyer, threatened against the Issuer, Parent or any of its Subsidiaries (including the Buyer) which relates to the Issuer’s, Parent’s or any of its Subsidiaries’ (including Buyer’s) business or affects the Issuer, Parent or any of its Subsidiaries (including Buyer) that, if decided adversely to the Issuer, Parent or such Subsidiary, would have a material adverse effect on the Issuer, Parent and its Subsidiaries (including the Buyer), individually or taken as a whole, or that questions the validity of this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement or any action taken or to be taken pursuant to this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement.

(f)Issuer Capitalization.  Except as set forth in Schedule 4.8(f)(i) of the Buyer Disclosure Schedules, as of the Closing (after giving effect to the Parent Contribution), the authorized capital stock of the Issuer consists of 2,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, consisting of 1,000 shares of Voting Common Stock (the “Issuer Voting Common Stock) and 1,000 shares of Non-Voting Common Stock (the “Issuer Non-Voting Common Stock), of which 99.8066159 shares of Issuer Voting Common Stock are issued and outstanding and 0.1933841 shares of Issuer Non-Voting Common Stock are issued and outstanding.  Except as set forth in Schedule 4.8(f)(i) of the Buyer Disclosure Schedules, the Issuer has not issued or agreed to issue any: (i) share of capital stock or other equity or ownership interest; (ii) option, warrant or interest convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for the purchase of shares of capital stock or other equity or ownership interests; (iii) stock appreciation right, phantom stock, interest in the ownership or earnings of the Issuer or other equity equivalent or equity-based award or right; or (iv) bond, debenture or other Indebtedness having the right to vote or convertible or exchangeable for securities having the right to vote.  Upon the Issuer’s receipt of the Rollover Units, the Issuer Shares being issued to HTA Holdings will be duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable, free and clear of any Encumbrance other than Encumbrances created by HTA Holdings or the Securityholders Agreement. A true and correct copy of the capitalization table of each of the Issuer, Parent, and each other Subsidiary of Issuer (including Buyer) is set forth on Schedule 4.8(f)(ii) of the Buyer Disclosure Schedules.

Section 4.9Equity Interests.  Except for the Subsidiaries listed in Schedule 4.9 of the Buyer Disclosure Schedules, neither the Issuer, Parent nor any of its Subsidiaries directly or indirectly owns any equity, partnership, membership or similar interest in, or any interest convertible into, exercisable for the purchase of or exchangeable for any such equity, partnership, membership or similar interest, or is under any current or prospective obligation to form or participate in, provide funds to, make any loan, capital contribution or other investment in or assume any liability or obligation of, any Person.

Section 4.10Buyer Financial Statements.

(a)True and complete copies of the audited consolidated balance sheet of the Buyer and its Subsidiaries as at December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2016 and the related audited consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity and cash flows of the Buyer and its Subsidiaries, together with all related notes and schedules thereto, accompanied by the reports thereon of the Buyer’s independent auditors (collectively referred to as the “Buyer Financial Statements) and the unaudited consolidated balance sheet of the Buyer and its Subsidiaries as at September 30, 2017 (the “Buyer Balance Sheet Date and

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such balance sheet, together with all related notes and schedules thereto, the “Buyer Balance Sheet), and the related consolidated statements of operations of the Buyer and its Subsidiaries (collectively referred to as the “Buyer Interim Financial Statements ), are attached hereto as Schedule 4.10(a) of the Disclosure Schedules.  Each of the Buyer Financial Statements and the Buyer Interim Financial Statements (i) are correct and complete in all material respects and have been prepared in accordance with the books and records of the Buyer and its Subsidiaries, (ii) have been prepared in accordance with GAAP applied on a consistent basis throughout the periods indicated (except as may be indicated in the notes thereto) and (iii) fairly present, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Buyer and its Subsidiaries as at the respective dates thereof and for the respective periods indicated therein, except as otherwise noted therein and subject, in the case of the Buyer Interim Financial Statements, to normal and recurring year-end adjustments that will not, individually or in the aggregate, be material.

(b)Except as and to the extent adequately accrued or reserved against in the Balance Sheet, neither the Issuer nor any of its Subsidiaries has any liability or obligation of any nature, whether accrued, absolute, contingent or otherwise, and whether known or unknown, required by GAAP to be reflected in a consolidated balance sheet of (i) Parent and its Subsidiaries (as of the date hereof) or (ii) the Issuer and its Subsidiaries (as of the Closing), or disclosed in the notes thereto, except for liabilities and obligations, incurred in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice since the Buyer Balance Sheet Date, that are not, individually or in the aggregate, material to the Issuer, Parent or any of its Subsidiaries.

Section 4.11Affiliate Interests and Transactions.  No Affiliate of the Issuer, Parent or any of its Subsidiaries (including the Buyer), other than the Issuer, Parent or any of its wholly-owned Subsidiaries (an “Issuer Related Party”):  (i) owns or has owned, directly or indirectly, or has or has had any interest in any property (real or personal, tangible or intangible) that the Issuer, Parent or any of its Subsidiaries (including the Buyer) uses or has used in or pertaining to the business of the Issuer, Parent or any of its Subsidiaries (including the Buyer); or (ii) has or has had any business dealings or a financial interest in any transaction with the Issuer, Parent or any of its Subsidiaries (including the Buyer) or involving any assets or property of the Issuer, Parent or any of its Subsidiaries (including the Buyer), other than business dealings or transactions conducted in the ordinary course of business at prevailing market prices and on prevailing market terms.  Except as set forth on Schedule 4.11 of the Disclosure Schedules, there are no Contracts by and between the Issuer, Parent or any of its Subsidiaries (including the Buyer), on the one hand, and any Issuer Related Party, on the other hand, pursuant to which such Issuer Related Party provides or receives any information, assets, properties, support or other services to or from the Issuer, Parent or any of its Subsidiaries, including the Buyer (including Contracts relating to billing, financial, tax, accounting, data processing, human resources, administration, legal services, information technology and other corporate overhead matters).

Section 4.12Exclusivity of Representations and Warranties.  NOTWITHSTANDING THE DELIVERY OR DISCLOSURE TO THE SELLERS OR THEIR AFFILIATES OR REPRESENTATIVES OF ANY DOCUMENTATION OR OTHER INFORMATION (INCLUDING ANY FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS OR OTHER SUPPLEMENTAL DATA), EXCEPT FOR THE REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES SET FORTH IN THIS AGREEMENT, THE ANCILLARY AGREEMENTS OR ANY SCHEDULE OR

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CERTIFICATE DELIVERED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS AGREEMENT OR THE ANCILLARY AGREEMENTS, THE BUYER, PARENT AND THE ISSUER EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ANY OTHER REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND OR NATURE, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.  NOTWITHSTANDING ANYTHING TO THE CONTRARY IN THIS SECTION 4.12, CLAIMS AGAINST THE BUYER, PARENT, THE ISSUER OR ANY OTHER PERSON SHALL NOT BE LIMITED IN ANY RESPECT IN THE EVENT OF FRAUD.

Article V
COVENANTS

Section 5.1Conduct of Business Prior to the Closing.  Between the date of this Agreement and the Closing, unless the Buyer shall otherwise agree in writing, the Sellers shall cause the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries to be conducted only in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, and shall cause the Company and its Subsidiaries to (i) preserve substantially intact their business organization and assets; (ii) keep available the services of the current officers, employees and consultants of the Company and its Subsidiaries; (iii) preserve the current relationships of the Company and its Subsidiaries with customers, suppliers and other persons with which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has significant business relations; and (iv) keep and maintain their assets and properties in good repair and normal operating condition, wear and tear excepted.  By way of amplification and not limitation, between the date of this Agreement and the Closing Date, except as otherwise set forth on Schedule 5.1 of the Disclosure Schedules or as expressly contemplated by this Agreement, the Sellers, in respect of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, shall not, and shall cause each of the Company and its Subsidiaries not to, do or propose to do, directly or indirectly, any of the following without the prior written consent of the Buyer:

(a)amend or otherwise change its certificate of incorporation or bylaws or equivalent organizational documents;

(b)issue, sell, pledge, transfer, dispose of or otherwise subject to any Encumbrance (i) any shares of capital stock of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or any options, warrants, convertible securities or other rights of any kind to acquire any such shares, or any other equity or ownership interest in the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or (ii) any properties or assets of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, other than sales or transfers of inventory in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice;

(c)declare, set aside, make or pay any non-cash dividend (or any cash dividend after the Cut-off Time) or other distribution on or with respect to any of its capital stock or other equity or ownership interest;

(d)reclassify, combine, split, subdivide or redeem, or purchase or otherwise acquire, directly or indirectly, any of its capital stock or other equity or ownership interest, or make any other change with respect to its capital structure;

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(e)acquire any corporation, partnership, limited liability company, other business organization or division thereof or any material amount of assets, or enter into any joint venture, strategic alliance, exclusive dealing, noncompetition or similar contract or arrangement;

(f)adopt a plan of complete or partial liquidation, dissolution, merger, consolidation, restructuring, recapitalization or other reorganization of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or otherwise alter the Company’s or a Subsidiary’s corporate structure;

(g)incur any Indebtedness or issue any debt securities or assume, guarantee or endorse, or otherwise become responsible for, the obligations of any Person, or make any loans or advances, except in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice; provided, that in no event shall the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (i) incur, assume or guarantee any long-term indebtedness for borrowed money or (ii) make any optional repayment of any indebtedness for borrowed money;

(h)enter into, amend, waive, modify or consent to the termination of any Material Contract, or amend, waive, modify or consent to the termination of the Company’s or any of its Subsidiaries’ rights thereunder, enter into any Contract that is not terminable by the Company for convenience or enter into any Contract other than in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice;

(i)authorize, or make any commitment with respect to, any single capital expenditure that is in excess of $100,000 or capital expenditures that are, in the aggregate, in excess of $250,000 for the Company and its Subsidiaries taken as a whole;

(j)enter into any lease of real or personal property or any renewals thereof involving a term of more than one year or rental obligation exceeding $150,000 per year in any single case;

(k)increase the compensation payable or to become payable or the benefits provided to its directors, officers, employees or independent contractors, make any change in, or accelerate the vesting of, the compensation or benefits payable or to become payable to, grant any severance or termination payment to, or pay, loan or advance any amount to, any director, officer, employee or independent contractor of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or establish, adopt, enter into or amend any Plan, except for any amendment that may be required to maintain the tax qualified status of a Plan;

(l)announce, implement or effect any material reduction in labor force, lay-off, early retirement program, severance program or other program or effort concerning the termination of employment of employees of the Company other than routine employee terminations;

(m)enter into any Contract with any Related Party of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries;

(n)make any change in any method of accounting or accounting practice or policy, except as required by GAAP;

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(o)make, revoke or modify any Tax election, adopt or change any accounting method in respect of Taxes, apply for or enter into any Tax allocation agreement, Tax sharing agreement or Tax indemnity agreement or any closing or other agreement with any Governmental Authority, fail to pay any Taxes when due, commence any Tax Action, settle or compromise any Tax Action or Tax liability, file or cause to be filed any Tax Return other than on a basis consistent with past practice unless otherwise required by applicable Law, surrender any right to claim a material refund of Taxes, file or cause to be filed any amended Tax Return or any claim for refund for Taxes previously paid, consent to any extension or waiver of the limitation period applicable to any claim or assessment in respect of Taxes or grant any power of attorney with respect to Taxes;

(p)pay, discharge or satisfy any claim, liability or obligation (absolute, accrued, asserted or unasserted, contingent or otherwise), other than the payment, discharge or satisfaction, in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, of liabilities reflected or reserved against on the Balance Sheet or subsequently incurred in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice;

(q)cancel, compromise, waive or release any right or claim other than in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice;

(r)permit the lapse of any existing policy of insurance relating to the business or assets of the Company and its Subsidiaries;

(s)permit the lapse of any right relating to Intellectual Property or any other intangible asset used in the business of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries;

(t)accelerate the collection of or discount any accounts receivable, delay the payment of accounts payable or defer expenses, reduce inventories or otherwise increase cash on hand, except in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice;

(u)commence or settle any Action;

(v)take any action, or intentionally fail to take any action, that would cause any representation or warranty made by the Sellers in this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement to be untrue or result in a breach of any covenant made by the Sellers in this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement, or that has or would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;

(w)modify or cancel, or cause to be modified or cancelled, any insurance policy set forth on Schedule 3.21 of the Disclosure Schedules; or

(x)announce an intention, enter into any formal or informal agreement, or otherwise make a commitment to do any of the foregoing.

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Section 5.2Covenants Regarding Information.

(a)From the date hereof through the Closing Date, the Sellers shall, and shall cause the Company and its Subsidiaries to, afford the Buyer and its Representatives reasonable access (including for inspection and copying) at reasonable times to the Representatives, properties, offices, plants and other facilities, books and records of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries, and shall furnish the Buyer with such financial, operating and other data and information as the Buyer may reasonably request.

(b)From the date hereof through the Closing Date, the Sellers shall deliver or shall cause to be delivered to the Buyer monthly financial statements of the Company and its Subsidiaries within 10 calendar days of the end of each calendar month.  Such financial statements shall be deemed to constitute “Interim Financial Statements” for purposes of the representations set forth in Section 3.7(a).

(c)Subject in all cases to Section 5.12, on the Closing Date, the Sellers shall deliver or cause to be delivered to the Buyer all original (or, if unavailable, copies of) agreements, documents, books and records, files and other information, and all computer disks, records, tapes and any other storage medium on which any such agreements, documents, books and records, files and other information is stored, in any such case that are in the possession of or under the control of the Sellers, as applicable; provided that the Sellers or any of their Affiliates may keep (i) copies of any of the foregoing to the extent reasonably necessary for Sellers’ and its Affiliates’ non-Company businesses or operations or to take any action contemplated by this Agreement or any of the Ancillary Agreements, and (ii) the Excluded Assets.  If, notwithstanding the foregoing, any Seller discovers following the Closing Date that it is in possession of or has under its control any such items which are required to be delivered to Buyer pursuant to the foregoing sentence, such Seller shall deliver to the Buyer any such items as soon as reasonably practicable.

(d)No Seller shall be required to deliver information to the Buyer to the extent disclosure of such information would (i) jeopardize any attorney-client privilege, protection under the work product doctrine or other legal privilege, or (ii) contravene any applicable Laws, fiduciary duty or binding agreement entered into prior to the date hereof.

Section 5.3Exclusivity.  Each of the Sellers agrees that between the date of this Agreement and the earlier of the Closing and the termination of this Agreement, no Seller shall, and each Seller shall take all action necessary to ensure that none of the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective Affiliates or Representatives shall, directly or indirectly:

(a)solicit, initiate, consider, encourage or accept any other proposals or offers from any Person (i) relating to any direct or indirect acquisition or purchase of all or any portion of the capital stock or other equity or ownership interest of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or assets of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, other than  inventory to be sold in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, (ii) to enter into any merger, consolidation or other business combination relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or (iii) to enter into a recapitalization, reorganization or any other extraordinary business transaction involving or otherwise relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries; or

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(b)participate in any discussions, conversations, negotiations or other communications regarding, or furnish to any other Person any information with respect to, or otherwise cooperate in any way, assist or participate in, facilitate or encourage any effort or attempt by any other Person to seek to do any of the foregoing.  The Sellers immediately shall cease and cause to be terminated all existing discussions, conversations, negotiations and other communications with any Persons conducted heretofore with respect to any of the foregoing.

The Sellers shall notify the Buyer promptly, but in any event within 24 hours, orally and in writing if any such proposal or offer, or any inquiry or other contact with any Person with respect thereto, is made.  Each of the Sellers shall not, and shall cause the Company and each of its Subsidiaries not to, release any Person from, or waive any provision of, any confidentiality or standstill agreement to which the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party, without the prior written consent of the Buyer.

Section 5.4Notification of Certain Matters.  The Sellers shall give prompt written notice to the Buyer of (a) the occurrence or non-occurrence of any change, condition or event, the occurrence or non-occurrence of which would cause any of the conditions set forth in Section 7.1 or Section 7.3, as applicable, to be incapable of fulfillment, (b) the occurrence of any change, condition or event that has had or is reasonably likely to have a Material Adverse Effect, (c) any failure of the Sellers, the Company, any Subsidiary of the Company or any other Affiliate of the Sellers to comply with or satisfy any covenant or agreement to be complied with or satisfied by it hereunder or any event or condition that would otherwise result in the nonfulfillment of any of the conditions to the obligations of the Buyer and the Issuer hereunder, (d) any notice or other communication from any Person alleging that the consent of such Person is or may be required in connection with the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements or (e) any Action pending or, to the Sellers’ Knowledge, threatened against a Party or the Parties relating to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or the Ancillary Agreements.

Section 5.5Intercompany Arrangements; Personal Guarantees; Closing Employee Payment Releases.

(a)Other than the accounts or Contracts set forth on Schedule 5.5(a), all intercompany and intracompany accounts, debts or Contracts between the Company or its Subsidiaries, on the one hand, and the Sellers or their respective Affiliates (other than the Company and its Subsidiaries), on the other hand, shall be cancelled without any consideration or further liability to any party and without the need for any further documentation, immediately prior to the Closing.  Prior to the Closing, the Company, on the one hand, and the applicable Affiliate of Sellers, on the other hand, shall enter into the new lease attached hereto as Exhibit E.

(b)Each of the parties hereto shall, and shall cause their Affiliates to, use commercially reasonable efforts to remove any guaranty or other surety given by any Seller or his or its Affiliates (other than the Company or any of its Subsidiaries) with respect to any asset or liability of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, including the personal guarantees described on Schedule 5.5(b), such that the applicable guarantor has no further liability with respect thereto as of the Closing Date or as promptly as practicable thereafter.

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(c)HTA Holdings shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to obtain, and each of the other Parties hereto shall reasonably cooperate with HTA Holdings in connection with obtaining, duly executed Closing Employee Payment Releases from each recipient of a Closing Employee Payment on or before the Closing Date.

Section 5.6Resignations.  The Sellers will deliver at the Closing the resignation of all of the directors of the Company and its Subsidiaries, effective as of the Closing, except for such directors that the Buyer specifies in writing to the Sellers prior to the Closing Date.

Section 5.7Confidentiality.

(a)Each of the Parties shall hold, and shall cause its Representatives to hold, in confidence all documents and information furnished to it by or on behalf of the other Parties in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby pursuant to the terms of (i) the Non-Disclosure Agreement dated October 24, 2017 by and between Platinum and HTA LLC, (ii) the Non-Disclosure Agreement dated November 2, 2017 by and among the Buyer, HTA LLC and Platinum, (iii) the Clean Team Confidentiality Agreement dated January 16, 2018 by and among HTA LLC, the Buyer and Platinum and (iv) the Supplemental Clean Team Confidentiality Agreement dated January 17, 2018 by and among HTA LLC, the Buyer and Platinum (the agreements referenced in the foregoing clauses (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv), collectively, the “Confidentiality Agreements), which shall continue in full force and effect until the Closing Date, at which time such Confidentiality Agreements and the obligations of the Parties under this Section 5.7(a) shall terminate.  If for any reason this Agreement is terminated prior to the Closing Date, the Confidentiality Agreements shall nonetheless continue in full force and effect in accordance with their terms.

(b)For a period of five years following the Closing Date, each of the Sellers shall not, and each of the Sellers shall cause its Affiliates and the respective Representatives of the Sellers and their respective Affiliates not to, use for its or their own benefit or divulge or convey to any third party, any Confidential Information; provided, however, that the Sellers or their respective Affiliates may furnish such portion (and only such portion) of the Confidential Information as such Seller or such Affiliate reasonably determines it is legally obligated to disclose if:  (i) it receives a request to disclose all or any part of the Confidential Information under the terms of a subpoena, civil investigative demand or order issued by a Governmental Authority; (ii) to the extent not inconsistent with such request, it notifies the Buyer of the existence, terms and circumstances surrounding such request and consults with the Buyer on the advisability of taking steps available under applicable Law to resist or narrow such request; (iii) it exercises its commercially reasonable efforts to obtain an order or other reliable assurance that confidential treatment will be accorded to the disclosed Confidential Information; and (iv) disclosure of such Confidential Information is required to prevent such Seller or such Affiliate from being held in contempt or becoming subject to any other penalty under applicable Law.  For purposes of this Agreement, “Confidential Information consists of all information and data relating to the Company or its Subsidiaries or the transactions contemplated hereby (other than data or information that is or becomes available to the public other than as a result of a breach of this Section).

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(c)Effective as of the Closing, each of the Sellers hereby assigns to the Buyer all of its right, title and interest in and to any confidentiality agreements entered into by such Seller (or its Affiliates or Representatives) and each Person (other than the Buyer and its Affiliates and Representatives) who entered into any such agreement or to whom Confidential Information was provided in connection with a business combination involving the Company or its Affiliates.  From and after the Closing, the Sellers will take all actions reasonably requested by the Buyer in order to assist in enforcing the rights so assigned.  Each of the Sellers shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to cause any such Person to return to the Sellers, as applicable, any documents, files, data or other materials constituting Confidential Information that was provided to such Person in connection with the consideration of any such business combination.

Section 5.8Consents and Filings; Further Assurances.

(a)The Parties shall use all commercially reasonable efforts to take, or cause to be taken, all appropriate action to do, or cause to be done, all things necessary, proper or advisable under applicable Law or otherwise to consummate and make effective the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements as promptly as practicable, including to (i) obtain from Governmental Authorities and other Persons all consents, approvals, authorizations, qualifications and orders as are necessary for the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements and (ii) have vacated, lifted, reversed or overturned any order, decree, ruling, judgment, injunction or other action (whether temporary, preliminary or permanent) that is then in effect and that enjoins, restrains, conditions, makes illegal or otherwise restricts or prohibits the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements.  In furtherance and not in limitation of the foregoing, the Sellers shall permit the Buyer and the Issuer reasonably to participate in the defense and settlement of any claim, suit or cause of action relating to this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby, and none of the Sellers shall settle or compromise any such claim, suit or cause of action without the Buyer’s written consent.  

(b)The Sellers shall, or shall cause the Company and its Subsidiaries to, give promptly such notice to third parties and obtain such third party consents and estoppel certificates as the Buyer may in its reasonable discretion deem necessary in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements.  The Buyer shall cooperate with and assist the Sellers in giving such notices and obtaining such consents and estoppel certificates; provided, however, that the Buyer shall have no obligation to give any guarantee or other consideration of any nature in connection with any such notice, consent or estoppel certificate or consent to any change in the terms of any agreement or arrangement that the Buyer in its sole discretion may deem adverse to the interests of the Buyer, the Issuer or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

(c)The Parties agree that, in the event that any consent, approval or authorization necessary or desirable to preserve for the Company or any of its Subsidiaries any right or benefit under any lease, license, commitment or other Contract to which the Company or any Subsidiary is a party is not obtained prior to the Closing, the Sellers will, subsequent to the Closing, cooperate with the Buyer and the Issuer, the Company or any such Subsidiary in attempting to obtain such consent, approval or authorization as promptly thereafter as practicable.

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(d)From time to time after the Closing, and for no further consideration, each of the Parties shall, and shall cause its Subsidiaries to, execute, acknowledge and deliver such assignments, transfers, consents, assumptions and other documents and instruments and take such other actions as may be reasonably necessary to consummate and make effective the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements.

(e)Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, neither the Buyer nor the Issuer shall be required by this Section to take or agree to undertake any action, including entering into any consent decree, hold separate order or other arrangement, that would (A) require the divestiture of any material assets of the Buyer, the Issuer, the Company or any of their respective Affiliates, (B) materially limit the Buyer’s freedom of action with respect to, or its ability to consolidate and control, the Company and its Subsidiaries or any of their assets or businesses or any of the Buyer’s or its Affiliates’ other assets or businesses or (C) materially limit the Buyer’s ability to acquire or hold, or exercise full rights of ownership with respect to, the Units.

Section 5.9Termination of Indebtedness.  The Sellers shall negotiate Debt Payoff Letters for all Payoff Indebtedness.  The Sellers shall, and shall cause the Company and its Subsidiaries to, deliver all notices and take all other actions reasonably requested by the Buyer to facilitate the termination of all Contracts relating to Payoff Indebtedness, the termination of the commitments provided thereunder, the repayment in full of all obligations then outstanding thereunder (using funds provided by the Buyer) and the release of all Encumbrances in connection therewith on the Closing Date; provided, however, that in no event shall this Section 5.9 require any of the Sellers or the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to cause the termination of any Contracts relating to Payoff Indebtedness other than as part of the Closing.

Section 5.10Public Announcements.  On and after the date hereof and through the Closing Date, the Parties shall consult with each other before issuing any press release or otherwise making any public statements with respect to this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby, and none of the Parties shall issue any press release or make any public statement prior to obtaining the written approval of the other Parties, which approval shall not be unreasonably withheld, except that no such approval shall be necessary to the extent disclosure may be required by applicable Law or any listing agreement of any Party hereto.

Section 5.11Financing.  

(a)Obligations of the Buyer.

(i)The Buyer shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to obtain the Debt Financing in all material respects on the terms described in the Debt Financing Commitment (including any flex provisions applicable thereto), including using commercially reasonable efforts (I) to negotiate definitive documentation for and consummate the Debt Financing contemplated by the Debt Financing Commitment on a timely basis, (II) to satisfy on a timely basis (taking into account the expected timing of the Marketing Period) all conditions to receipt of the Debt Financing at the Closing set forth therein that are within its control (excluding, for the avoidance of doubt, any condition to receipt of the Debt Financing that cannot be satisfied as a direct result of any failure of the conditions set forth in Section 7.3 to be

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satisfied and (III) to comply with its obligations under the Debt Financing Commitment.  The Buyer shall have the right from time to time to amend the Debt Financing Commitment or to replace all or any portion of the Debt Financing Commitment with other debt or equity financing from the same and/or alternative Financing Sources; provided, that any such amendment or replacement of the Debt Financing shall not, without the prior written consent of the Sellers (x) impose additional, expand or modify existing, conditions precedent to the funding of the Debt Financing in a manner that is adverse in any material respect to Buyer, (y) reduce the Debt Financing to an amount committed below the amount that is required, together with other financial resources of the Buyer, to consummate the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or (z) otherwise materially impair, prevent, make less likely or delay the funding of the Debt Financing at the Closing or adversely impact the ability of Buyer to enforce its rights under the Debt Financing Commitment.  For the avoidance of doubt, (A) the syndication of the Debt Financing as contemplated by the Debt Financing Commitment and (B) any amendment or other modification of the Debt Financing Commitment to provide for the assignment of a portion of the Debt Financing Commitment to additional agents or arrangers and grant such persons customary approval rights (in either case, a “Permitted Financing Action) shall not, in either case, be deemed to violate the Buyer’s obligations under this Agreement.  In the event the Debt Financing becomes unavailable, the Buyer shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to arrange to obtain alternative financing from alternative sources on terms not materially less beneficial, in the aggregate, to the Buyer (as determined in the reasonable judgment of the Buyer), in an amount sufficient to consummate the transactions contemplated by this Agreement (“Alternate Financing).  Nothing contained in this Agreement shall be construed to require the Buyer to (1) bring any Action against any source of any Debt Financing to enforce its rights under the Debt Financing Commitment, (2) seek or accept Debt Financing on terms less favorable than the terms and conditions described in the Debt Financing Commitment (including the exercise of flex provisions) as determined in the reasonable judgment of the Buyer or (3) pay any fees in excess of those contemplated by the Debt Financing Commitment (whether to secure a waiver of any conditions contained therein or otherwise).

(ii)Without limiting anything in Section 5.11(a)(i), Buyer shall use its reasonable best efforts to comply with its obligations under the Debt Financing Commitment.  Buyer shall, at HTA Sellers’ reasonable request, keep the HTA Sellers informed on a periodic basis and in reasonable detail of the status of its efforts to arrange the Debt Financing. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, Buyer shall give Sellers prompt notice (w) of any amendment or modification to the Debt Financing Commitment or any replacement of the Debt Financing Commitment (other than any such amendment, modification or replacement arising from a Permitted Financing Action), (x) of any breach or default by any party to any of the Debt Financing Commitment or definitive agreements relating to the Debt Financing Commitment of which Buyer becomes aware, (y) of the receipt of any written notice or other written communication from any lender under the Debt Financing Commitment with respect to any (1) actual breach, default, termination or repudiation by any party to any of the Debt Financing Commitment or definitive agreements related to the Debt Financing or any provisions thereof or (2) material dispute or disagreement relating to the Debt Financing with respect to the obligation to fund the Debt Financing or the amount of the Debt Financing to be funded at Closing, and (z) if at any time for any reason Buyer believes in good faith that it is reasonably likely it will not be able to obtain all or any portion of the Debt Financing on the terms and conditions, in the manner or from the sources contemplated by any of the Debt Financing Commitment.  Promptly after the

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date Seller delivers Buyer a written request, Buyer shall provide information reasonably requested by Seller relating to the circumstances referred to in clause (w), (x), (y) or (z) of the immediately preceding sentence. In the event any Alternate Financing is obtained, Buyer shall promptly deliver to the Sellers true and complete copies of any commitment letters, together with the fee letters associated therewith (redacted in a customary manner), with respect thereto.

(iii)For purposes of this Agreement, (x) “Marketing Period shall mean the first period of 20 consecutive Business Days after the date hereof (A) throughout which the Buyer and its Financing Sources shall have the Required Information (as defined below) and such Required Information shall be Compliant (as defined below) and (B) throughout which the conditions set forth in Sections 7.1 and 7.2 shall be satisfied (other than those conditions that by their nature are to be satisfied at the Closing), and nothing has occurred and no condition exists that would cause any of the conditions set forth in Sections 7.1 and 7.2 to fail to be satisfied assuming the Closing were to be scheduled for any time during such 20 Business Day period; provided, that February 19, 2018 shall be excluded as a “Business Day” for such purposes, (y) “Required Information” shall mean (A) the historical financial statements of the Company and its Subsidiaries required to be delivered pursuant to paragraphs 2(a)(i) and 2(b)(i) of Annex V of the Debt Financing Commitment and (B) all other financial and other pertinent information that is requested by the Buyer in connection with the preparation by the Buyer of any pro forma financial information or projections required to be delivered pursuant to paragraphs 2(c) and 2(d) of Annex V of the Debt Financing Commitment or otherwise contemplated to be delivered in respect of the Debt Financing and (z) “Compliant” shall mean that the Company’s auditors have not withdrawn any audit opinion with respect to any financial statements contained in the Required Information.

(iv)For purposes of this Agreement, references to “Debt Financing” shall include the financing contemplated by the Debt Financing Commitment as permitted to be amended or modified by this Section 5.11(a) and references to “Debt Financing Commitment” shall include such documents as permitted to be amended or modified by this Section 5.11(a).

(b)Obligations of the Sellers.  Each of the Sellers shall, and shall cause the Company and its Subsidiaries, and its and their respective Representatives, to provide to the Buyer all cooperation reasonably requested by the Buyer and/or the Financing Sources that is necessary, proper or advisable in connection with the Debt Financing (including the arrangement, marketing, syndication and negotiation thereof) and the transactions contemplated thereby, including (i) participating in meetings, presentations, road shows, due diligence and drafting sessions and sessions with prospective Financing Sources, investors and rating agencies reasonably requested by such Persons, and reasonably cooperating with the marketing efforts of the Buyer and their Financing Sources; (ii) reasonably cooperating with the parties to the Debt Financing Commitment in performing their due diligence and providing due diligence materials reasonably requested by such parties; (iii) reasonably assisting with the preparation of customary materials for rating agency presentations, information memoranda, lender and investor presentations and similar documents in connection with the Debt Financing and executing customary authorization letters in connection therewith; (iv) furnishing the Buyer and the Financing Sources, on a reasonably timely basis, (x) the Required Information and (y) all other financial and other pertinent information regarding the Company and its Subsidiaries as may be reasonably required in connection with the Debt Financing and the preparation of bank

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information memoranda, lender presentations or materials for rating agency presentations or otherwise reasonably requested by the Buyer; (v) obtaining legal opinions and other documentation and items required by the Debt Financing Commitment or as are reasonably requested by the Buyer; (vi) in the case of the Company and its Subsidiaries, entering into and delivering, as of the Closing, any definitive financing documents, security documents and any certificates, documents or instruments ancillary to the Debt Financing (including a certificate of the chief financial officer of the Company or any Subsidiary with respect to solvency matters) as are, in the good faith determination of the persons executing such agreements and certificates, accurate; provided, however, that in no event will the Sellers or any of their respective Affiliates (other than the Company or its Subsidiaries) or Representatives be required to deliver any personal guarantees; (vii) reasonably facilitating the pledge of collateral and other matters ancillary to the Debt Financing (including cooperation with payoff and release of Encumbrances relating to existing indebtedness (including by delivery of drafts of all Debt Payoff Letters no later than five Business Days prior to the Closing), and, in the case of the Company and its Subsidiaries, pledging, granting security interests in, and otherwise granting liens on their respective assets pursuant to any definitive security documents, as of the Closing); (viii) providing all documentation and other information that the Financing Sources have determined is required by United States regulatory authorities under applicable “know your customer” and anti-money laundering rules and regulations, including the Patriot Act, in each case, at least three Business Days prior to the Closing, to the extent requested in writing at least eight Business Days prior to the Closing; (ix) cooperating, and use reasonable efforts to cause any relevant third parties to cooperate, with respect to the termination, replacement or backstop of any outstanding letters of credit issued for the account of the Company or its Subsidiaries; (x) using commercially reasonable efforts to obtain such consents, approvals and authorizations which may be reasonably requested by Buyer in connection with the Debt Financing; and (xi) taking all corporate or other actions, and providing such other assistance, necessary or reasonably requested by the Buyer to permit the consummation of the Debt Financing and the proceeds thereof to be made available to the Buyer on the Closing Date to consummate the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Ancillary Agreements.  The Company hereby consents to the use of its and its Subsidiaries’ logos in connection with the Debt Financing and the arrangement, marketing and syndication thereof.

(c)Increase in Borrowing or Funded Debt.  Buyer agrees that it will not increase the amount of the Debt Financing Commitment, or otherwise increase the amount of funded debt incurred in respect of the Debt Financing on the Closing Date, other than (i) with the consent of the Seller Representative (such consent not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed) or (ii) to the extent necessary to finance any amounts (in excess of amounts anticipated to be required as of the date hereof) required (A) to prepay the Buyer’s existing Indebtedness for borrowed money (including any interest, fees, expenses, premiums, breakage or other amounts required to be paid by the Buyer under the terms of such Indebtedness in connection therewith), (B) to pay fees (including any fees as the result of the exercise of any “flex” provisions), expenses and other amounts required to be paid by the Buyer in connection with the Debt Financing, (C) to pay amounts required to be paid by the Buyer pursuant to the terms of this Agreement or (D) to pay other transaction fees and expenses incurred or otherwise required to be paid by the Buyer or its Affiliates in connection with the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

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Section 5.12Reasonable Cooperation; Excluded Employees.

(a)Following the Closing and until the date that is three (3) months from the Closing Date (the “Transition Period), Buyer shall, and shall cause the Company to, reasonably cooperate with the HTA Sellers and their Affiliates and Representatives in identifying and removing all remaining Excluded Assets from the Company and its Subsidiaries; provided that such cooperation will be provided in a manner that (i) does not unreasonably interfere with the business and operations of the Company or its Subsidiaries and (ii) does not provide the HTA Sellers access to the properties, systems and personnel of the Company and its Subsidiaries without the written consent of the Buyer. The HTA Sellers shall use commercially reasonable efforts to complete the removal of any remaining Excluded Assets not later than the Closing Date, although the failure to timely remove such Excluded Assets will not affect the HTA Sellers’ rights to such Excluded Assets.  If the Buyer or the HTA Sellers discover following the Transition Period that the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is in possession of or has under its control any Excluded Assets, the Buyer shall, or shall cause the Company to, remove and deliver to HTA Holdings any such Excluded Assets as soon as reasonably practicable; provided, that the HTA Sellers (and not the Buyer or the Company or its Subsidiaries) shall bear the cost of such removal and delivery.

(b)From the date hereof until the Closing, and subject in all respects to applicable Law and the provisions of Section 5.7 (and EPC shall be considered an Affiliate of Buyer for such purposes), each of the Sellers shall, and shall cause the Company and its Subsidiaries, and its and their respective Representatives, to reasonably cooperate with the Issuer and the Buyer as requested by the Issuer or the Buyer as necessary, proper or advisable in connection with the EPC Transaction and the transactions contemplated thereby, including (i) reasonably cooperating with the parties to the EPC Transaction in performing their due diligence and providing due diligence materials reasonably requested by such parties and (ii) reviewing any representations or disclosure schedules with respect to the Company and its Subsidiaries proposed to be included in the definitive documents for the EPC Transaction and notifying the Buyer of any errors or omissions therein; provided that Buyer shall reimburse Sellers for all reasonable and documented third party costs and expenses incurred by such Sellers in connection with the cooperation provided under this Section 5.12(b).

(c)The parties acknowledge and agree that each of the employees of the Company set forth on Schedule 5.12(c) (the “Excluded Employees) will not continue employment with the Company following the Closing.  Effective as of the date set forth on Schedule 5.12(c), the Company will terminate each Excluded Employee and, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement or any Ancillary Agreement, such Excluded Employees will be hired by the applicable Affiliate of HTA Holdings.  Each Seller acknowledges and agrees that the Sellers shall be responsible for (i) any severance pay or benefits or any costs or liabilities incurred by the Company, its Subsidiaries or the Buyer in connection with the termination of employment of the Excluded Employees and (ii) any disclosure of Confidential Information by any such Excluded Employee in violation of Section 5.7.  The Parties will mutually agree on a timeline and process for transitioning each Excluded Employee’s duties in respect of the Company to other employees of the Company, such transition(s) to be completed no later than the end of the Transition Period.  

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Section 5.13Non-Competition and Related Covenants.

(a)Non-Competition Covenants.  As an inducement to the Buyer and the Issuer to enter into this Agreement, each HTA Seller (together with Leila Center and his, her and its successors and assigns, each a “Restricted Party) hereby covenants and agrees that for a period commencing on the Closing Date and ending on the fifth anniversary of the Closing Date (the “Restrictive Period), such Restricted Party shall not, and shall cause its Affiliates not to, without the prior written consent of the Buyer (which consent may be withheld in the Buyer’s sole and absolute discretion), directly or indirectly:

(i)own any interest in, manage, control, participate in, consult with, render services for (as a director, officer, employee, agent, broker, partner, contractor, consultant or otherwise) or be or become engaged or involved in any Conflicting Organization within the Territory, including by being or becoming an organizer, owner, co-owner, trustee, promoter, affiliate, investor, lender, partner, joint venturer, stockholder, officer, director, employee, independent contractor, manager, salesperson, representative, associate, consultant, agent, broker, supplier, licensor, technician, engineer, analyst or advisor of, to or with any Conflicting Organization; or

(ii)make any investment (whether equity, debt or other) in, lend or otherwise provide any money or assets to, or provide any guaranty or other financial assistance to any Conflicting Organization within the Territory; or

(iii)use or authorize the use of Restricted Party’s name or any part thereof to be used or employed in connection with any Conflicting Organization within the Territory; or

(iv)provide any information, assistance, support, product, technology or intellectual property to any Person engaged or involved in any Conflicting Organization within the Territory; or

(v)engage or assist any Conflicting Organization within the Territory in the design, development, manufacture, licensing, sale, marketing, or support of any products or services offered by the Business; provided that ownership by a Restricted Party, as a passive investment, in the aggregate of less than 5% of the outstanding shares or other equity interests of capital stock of any corporation or other entity listed on a national securities exchange or publicly traded on any nationally recognized over-the-counter market, shall not constitute a breach of this Section 5.13(a); provided that such Restricted Party does not actively participate in the business of such entity.

(b)Non-Solicitation/Non-Hire of Employees.  As an inducement to the Buyer and the Issuer to enter into this Agreement, each Restricted Party hereby covenants and agrees, for the duration of the Restrictive Period, not to, and to cause its Affiliates not to, directly or indirectly, on its own behalf or on behalf of any third party, solicit for hire or hire any non-California employee of the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any person who was a non-California employee of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries at any time during the Restrictive Period or during the preceding six months, without the prior written consent of the Buyer (which

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consent may be withheld in the Buyer’s sole and absolute discretion).  Notwithstanding the foregoing, none of (I) the placement of general advertisements that may be targeted to a particular geographic or technical area, but are not targeted specifically towards employees of the Company or its Subsidiaries, (II) the hiring of any such employee more than six months following such employee’s termination or resignation, (III) the hiring of any such employee following termination by his or her employer as part of a general reduction in force or in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or (IV) the hiring of the Excluded Employees, shall be deemed to be a solicitation for purposes of this Section 5.13(b); provided, in each case, that such employee is not hired by a Conflicting Organization.

(c)Non-Solicitation of Business Relationships.  As an inducement to the Buyer and the Issuer to enter into this Agreement, each Restricted Party hereby covenants and agrees, for the duration of the Restrictive Period, not to, and to cause its Affiliates not to, directly or indirectly, call on, solicit or service any user, customer, supplier, licensee, licensor or other Person that has a business relationship with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in order to induce or attempt to induce such Person to cease doing business with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or in any way intentionally interfere with the relationship between any such user, customer, supplier, licensee, licensor or other Person that has a business relationship with Company or any of its Subsidiaries (including making any negative or disparaging statements or communications about the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective businesses, services, products, technology, compliance with legal requirements, directors, officers, employees, contractors or consultants or otherwise).

(d)Acknowledgement of Reliance.  Each Restricted Party acknowledges and agrees that: (i) the covenants and agreements contained in this Section 5.13 (the “Non-Competition and Related Covenants) are necessary, fundamental and required for the protection of the goodwill of the Company and its Subsidiaries; (ii) the Non-Competition and Related Covenants relate to matters that are of a special, unique and extraordinary value; (iii) a breach by such Restricted Party of any of the Non-Competition and Related Covenants applicable to such Restricted Party will result in irreparable harm and damages that cannot be adequately compensated by a monetary award and, accordingly, the Buyer will be entitled to injunctive or other equitable relief to prevent or redress any such breach (without posting a bond or other security); (iv) such Restricted Party is a direct or indirect beneficial owner of the Company; and (v) this Agreement is intended to comply with the laws of the State of Delaware and all other jurisdictions that might be deemed to be applicable hereto and which restrict or otherwise limit the enforceability of a contract that restrains a Person from engaging in a lawful profession, trade or business.

(e)No Restriction on Earning a Living.  Each Restricted Party hereby acknowledges that the provisions of this Section 5.13 do not preclude such Restricted Party from earning a livelihood, nor do they unreasonably impose limitations on such Restricted Party’s ability to earn a living.  In addition, each Restricted Party hereby acknowledges that the potential harm to the Buyer, the Company, its Subsidiaries and their respective Affiliates of non-enforcement of this Agreement outweighs any harm to such Restricted Party of enforcement (by injunction or otherwise) of this Agreement.

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(f)Judicial Limitation.  It is expressly understood and agreed that although the Restricted Parties and the other Parties hereto consider the restrictions contained herein to be reasonable, if at any time a court or other tribunal of competent jurisdiction finally determines or adjudicates that any portion of the Non-Competition and Related Covenants is unenforceable by reason of it extending for too great of a period of time or over too great of a geographical area or by reason of it being too extensive in any other respect, such Non-Competition and Related Covenants and this Agreement shall not be rendered void but such Non-Competition and Related Covenants shall be deemed amended to apply as to such maximum period of time, maximum geographical area, or maximum extent in all other respects, as the case may be, as such court may judicially determine or adjudicate to be enforceable.  Alternatively, if any court or other tribunal of competent jurisdiction finally determines or adjudicates that any portion of the Non-Competition and Related Covenants is unenforceable, and such restriction cannot be amended pursuant to the preceding sentence so as to make such portion of the Non-Competition and Related Covenants enforceable, such judicial determination or adjudication shall not affect the enforceability of any other Non-Competition and Related Covenants.

Section 5.14Change of  Entity Names; Cessation of Use of Intellectual Property.  No later than ten (10) Business Days following the Closing, the Sellers shall (i) make or cause to be made all such filings, and take or cause to be taken all such other actions, as may be reasonably necessary in order to change the legal names of HTA Holdings and any relevant Affiliates of the Sellers to names that do not include “HTA” or “Highway Toll Administration” (other than, for the avoidance of doubt, the Company and its Subsidiaries), and (b) cease, and cause all of the Affiliates of Sellers (other than, for the avoidance of doubt, the Company and its Subsidiaries) to cease, any and all uses of any trademarks, service marks, trade names or other Intellectual Property of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

Section 5.15Insurance Return Premiums.  The Sellers, the Company and its Subsidiaries hereby grant the Buyer and its Affiliates the right to use or exchange any insurance return premiums to purchase (or consolidate the existing insurance policies maintained in respect of the Company and its Subsidiaries into) new insurance policies in connection with the Closing.

Section 5.16Securityholders Agreement.  From the date hereof until the Closing, Buyer shall not take, and shall not cause or permit to be taken, any action which (i) would have required the consent of HTA Holdings pursuant to the terms of the form of Securityholders Agreement attached hereto as Exhibit B or (ii) which would be subject the rights of first offer pursuant Section 9 of the form of Securityholders Agreement attached hereto as Exhibit B.

Article VI
TAX MATTERS

Section 6.1Purchase Price Allocation.

(a)For all Tax purposes, including, if applicable, Sections 743 and 751 of the Code, the Purchase Price (including any assumed liabilities) that is treated as consideration for the Units for U.S. federal income tax purposes (the “Tax Purchase Price ) shall be allocated first among the HTA Units, the Canada Interests and the covenants set forth in the Agreement, and further among the assets of HTA LLC (including the assets of each Subsidiary of HTA LLC that

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is disregarded as an entity for federal income tax ) and the assets of Canada, in each case, using the allocation methods to be set forth on Schedule 6.1(a) (the “Price Allocation ).  A tentative draft of the Price Allocation shall be prepared by the Buyer and delivered to HTA Holdings by the end of the Buyer Review Period or with any Notice of Disagreement.  The Buyer shall be responsible for the preparation of the Price Allocation.  The Buyer shall deliver the proposed Price Allocation to HTA Holdings, and the Buyer shall reasonably consider any comments to the Price Allocation submitted by HTA Holdings to the Buyer in writing within fifteen (15) days following HTA Holdings’ receipt of the Price Allocation.  The Buyer and HTA Holdings shall consult with each other and attempt in good faith to resolve any issues arising as a result of the Price Allocation during such fifteen (15) day period and, in the event that the Buyer and HTA Holdings are unable to agree on the Price Allocation, the Buyer and HTA Holdings shall submit such dispute to the Independent Accounting Firm.  The fees and expenses of the Independent Accounting Firm shall be borne by the Buyer, on the one hand, and the HTA Sellers, on the other hand, in proportion to the relative difference between the amounts asserted by each such party in the applicable dispute and the final amounts as determined by the Independent Accounting Firm, which proportionate allocation shall be determined by the Independent Accounting Firm at the time that the Independent Accounting Firm determines the merits of the matters submitted.  The Independent Accounting Firm shall (and the parties shall instruct it to) make a determination as soon as practicable within thirty (30) days (or such other time as the parties hereto shall agree in writing).  The Price Allocation, as determined by the Independent Accounting Firm or as agreed upon by the Buyer and HTA Holdings, shall be conclusive and binding upon the Buyer and the Sellers (and their direct and indirect owners).  The Sellers shall provide such information as the Buyer shall reasonably request for preparation of the Price Allocation.  

(b)Each Party agrees to timely file any form required to be filed by applicable Tax Law reflecting the Price Allocation.  The Price Allocation made pursuant to this Section shall be binding on the Buyer and the Sellers (and their direct and indirect owners).  None of the Buyer and the Sellers (and their direct and indirect owners) shall take any position inconsistent with the Price Allocation in connection with any Tax proceeding, except to the extent that (i) the Buyer’s cost for the assets of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries may differ from the amount so allocated to the extent necessary to reflect its capitalized acquisition costs not included in the amount realized by the Sellers or (ii) the amount treated as purchase price has changed by reason of payments of amounts between the Parties subsequent to the Closing Date that were not previously reflected in the Price Allocation.  If any Governmental Authority disputes the Price Allocation, the Party receiving notice of the dispute shall promptly notify the other Parties hereto, and the Parties shall cooperate in good faith in responding to such dispute in order to preserve the effectiveness of the Price Allocation.

(c)Any (i) indemnification or other payment treated as an adjustment to the Tax Purchase Price pursuant to Article VIII hereof or otherwise treated as an adjustment to the Purchase Price for the assets of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries under applicable Law, and (ii) payment of any Tax Adjustment Amount pursuant to Section 6.7(c), shall be reflected as an adjustment to the price allocated to a specific asset, if any, giving rise to the adjustment and if any such adjustment does not relate to a specific asset, such adjustment shall be allocated among such in accordance with this Section 6.1.

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Section 6.2Tax Returns.

(a)Prior to the Closing, at the Company and its Subsidiaries’ sole expense, the Company and its Subsidiaries shall prepare or cause to be prepared and timely file any Tax Return due on or before the Closing Date (taking into account any extensions) in respect of the Company and its Subsidiaries.  Any such Tax Return shall be prepared on a basis consistent with past practice except to the extent otherwise required by applicable Law.  

(b)After the Closing, at HTA Holdings’ sole expense, HTA Holdings shall be entitled to prepare or cause to be prepared all income Tax Returns with respect to a Tax Period ending on or prior to the Closing Date required to be filed by or with respect to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.  HTA Holdings shall submit such Tax Returns to Buyer for its review and reasonable approval no later than ten (10) Business days prior to the due date thereof.  At the Company’s sole expense, the Company shall be entitled to prepare or cause to be prepared all other Tax Returns with respect to a Pre-Closing Tax Period required to be filed by or with respect to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries after the Closing.  If any Seller is liable for any Taxes shown on any such other Tax Return, the Company shall submit such Tax Return to HTA Holdings no less than ten (10) Business days prior to the due date thereof (or as soon as practicable after the Closing Date if such Tax Returns are due within ten (10) Business days after the Closing Date); provided, that the failure to so deliver such Tax Returns shall not affect any liability of any Seller with respect thereto.  Prior to filing any such Tax Return, the Company shall reasonably consider any comments made in writing by HTA Holdings at least five (5) Business days prior to the due date thereof.  The Sellers shall pay to the Buyer any Indemnified Taxes shown to be due thereon no later than two Business Days prior to the date on which such Taxes are required to be paid to the applicable Governmental Authority.

Section 6.3Cooperation and Assistance.  The Parties shall provide the other Parties, at the requesting Party’s sole cost and expense, with such cooperation and assistance as may be reasonably requested (including having the right to access the Company’s books and records upon reasonable advance notice) in connection with the preparation or review of any Tax Return or any Tax Action relating to Taxes for which the Company or its Subsidiaries are liable.  Notwithstanding the above, no cost or expense will be assessed against Seller with respect to assistance provided by the Company relating to the filing of any income Tax Returns of the Company due after the Closing.

Section 6.4Transfer Taxes.  All transfer, documentary, sales, use, stamp, registration and other similar Taxes incurred in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement (collectively, “Transfer Taxes”) shall be paid by the HTA Sellers, on the one hand, and by the Buyer, on the other hand, as follows: (x) the HTA Sellers shall pay (I) 50% of the Transfer Taxes that would have been incurred if the transaction contemplated hereby was structured as a sale of 100% of the shares in HTA Holdings (as determined immediately prior to the Closing) less that percentage of shares in HTA Holdings equal to the Rollover Percentage to the Buyer (the “Estimated Share Sale Transfer Taxes”), and (II) 100% of Transfer Taxes resulting from the Hypothetical Distribution (including the transfer of the Excluded Assets); and (y) Buyer shall pay all other Transfer Taxes.  All necessary Tax Returns and other documentation with respect to Transfer Taxes will be prepared and filed by the Party required to file such Tax Returns under applicable Law.  Buyer shall be responsible for remittance of the full

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amount of all Transfer Taxes and the HTA Sellers’ payment of its share of Transfer Taxes pursuant to this Section 6.4 shall be by offset to the Tax Adjustment Amount payable to the HTA Sellers under Section 6.7 (provided that if the HTA Sellers’ share of Transfer Taxes pursuant to this Section 6.4 exceeds the Tax Adjustment Amount payable to the HTA Sellers under Section 6.7, the HTA Sellers shall pay the excess to Buyer within three (3) days of Buyer’s request therefor).  At the time the Tax Adjustment Statement is prepared, Seller shall also prepare calculations of the Estimated Share Sale Transfer Taxes, which calculation will be reviewed, disputed and finalized in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 6.7, mutatis mutandis.  For the avoidance of doubt, the Buyer’s obligation for the payment of Transfer Taxes and the Tax Adjustment Amount pursuant to Section 6.7 shall be reduced by the amounts described in 6.4(x)(I) and 6.4(x)(II) (irrespective, in each case and for the avoidance of doubt, as to whether such amounts are actually incurred).  

Section 6.5Tax Sharing Agreements.  All Tax sharing agreements, Tax allocation agreements or Tax indemnity agreements between the Company and its Subsidiaries, on the one hand, and the Sellers or their Affiliates (other than, for the avoidance of doubt, the Company and its Subsidiaries), on the other hand, all powers of attorney with respect to or involving the Company, and any provision in any agreement providing for a distribution by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries with respect to Taxes, shall be terminated prior to the Closing Date and, after the Closing, the Company shall not be bound thereby or have any liability thereunder.

Section 6.6Contests.  Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary (including Section 8.4), (i) Buyer agrees to give written notice to HTA Holdings of the receipt by the Company or its Affiliates, Buyer or any of Buyer’s Affiliates of any written notice asserting any claim, or the commencement of any action, in respect of which an indemnity is reasonably expected to be sought by Buyer under Article VIII as a result of a breach of a representation or warranty set forth in Section 3.17 or under Section 8.2(d) (a “Tax Indemnity Claim”); provided, that failure to comply with the foregoing shall not release any Indemnifying Party from any of its obligations under Article VIII except to the extent that the Indemnifying Party is materially prejudiced by such failure and (ii) each of the HTA Holdings Owners and the Charity agree to give written notice to Buyer of the receipt by the HTA Holdings Owners (or their direct or indirect owners or Affiliates) or the Charity, as applicable, of any Action that could reasonably be expected to result in an adjustment to the Tax Adjustment Amount (a “Tax Adjustment Claim,” and together with a Tax Indemnity Claim, a “Tax Claim”); provided, that failure to comply with the foregoing shall not release Buyer from any of its obligations under Section 6.7(e) except to the extent that Buyer is materially prejudiced by such failure.  Buyer shall control the contest or resolution of any Tax Indemnity Claim and any matter in any Tax Adjustment Claim that could result in an adjustment to the Tax Adjustment Amount; provided, however, that Buyer shall obtain the prior written consent of HTA Holdings (in the case of a Tax Indemnity Claim) or the HTA Holdings Owners or the Charity, as applicable (in the case of a Tax Adjustment Claim)) (which consent shall in each case not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed) before entering into any settlement of a claim or ceasing to defend such claim; and, provided further, that HTA Holdings (in the case of a Tax Indemnity Claim) or the HTA Holdings Owners or the Charity, as applicable (in the case of a Tax Adjustment Claim), shall be entitled to participate in the defense of such claim and to employ counsel of such Person’s choice for such purpose, the fees and expenses of which separate counsel shall be borne solely by such Person.

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Section 6.7Adjustment for Additional Taxes.

(a)Tax Adjustment Amount.

(i)As promptly as reasonably practicable after completion of the Price Allocation, HTA Holdings shall prepare, or cause to be prepared, and deliver to the Buyer a detailed statement (the “Tax Adjustment Statement”) setting forth its good faith estimate of the respective Tax Adjustment Amount for each of the HTA Holdings Owners and the Charity, together with a calculation of (x) the aggregate income Taxes that would have been incurred by (1) the shareholder of HTA Holdings (or such shareholder’s owners or beneficiaries)  (“HTA Holdings Owners”), taking into account all income, deductions, credits, carryforwards, and application of the alternative minimum tax, if (A) the Excluded Assets, and any other assets of HTA Holdings or its Subsidiaries not transferred to Buyer, were immediately prior to the Closing, distributed to the HTA Holdings Owners (the “Hypothetical Distribution”) and (B) the transaction contemplated hereby was structured as a sale of 95% of the shares in HTA Holdings (as determined immediately prior to the Closing) less that percentage of the shares in HTA Holdings equal to the Rollover Percentage to the Buyer assuming for purposes of this calculation that (i) such sale occurred immediately after the Hypothetical Distribution and (ii) rather than David Centner purchasing 1% of the Company on December 31, 2017, the shareholder of HTA Holdings purchased the applicable percentage of the shares of HTA Holdings for the same amount (and such shares are included in the shares sold), and (2) the Charity, taking into account all income, deductions, credits, carryforwards, unrelated business income tax (“UBIT”) and application of the alternative minimum tax, if (A) the Hypothetical Distribution occurred and (B) the transaction contemplated hereby was structured as a sale of 4% of the shares in HTA Holdings (as determined immediately prior to the Closing) to the Buyer assuming for purposes of this calculation that (i) such sale occurred immediately after the Hypothetical Distribution and (ii) the Charity held 4% of HTA Holdings rather than 4% of the Company (the “Estimated Share Sale Taxes”) and (y) the aggregate income Taxes that will be paid by the HTA Holdings Owners, David Centner and the Charity, as the case may be, taking into account all income, deductions, credits, carryforwards and application of the alternative minimum tax and UBIT of the HTA Holdings Owners, David Centner and the Charity, as the case may be, on the sale of the HTA Units (excluding, for the sake of clarity, the Rollover Units) and Canada Interests to Buyer pursuant to the transactions set forth in this Agreement and taking into account any Section 338 election pursuant to Section 6.8 assuming for purposes of this calculation that the HTA Holdings Owners, David Centner and the Charity would not be subject to tax in the jurisdictions set forth in Schedule 6.7 on the sale of the HTA Units and Canada Interests to Buyer pursuant to the transactions set forth in this Agreement (“Actual Unit Sale Taxes” ).  HTA Holdings shall prepare the Tax Adjustment Statement for each of the HTA Holdings Owners, David Centner and the Charity in a manner consistent with past practice of the applicable parties (unless otherwise required by Law), without a change of any election or any accounting method, and by assuming in both scenarios that any Purchase Price received in the taxable year after the Closing would be subject to the tax in the year received.

(ii)The respective “Tax Adjustment Amount”   for each of the HTA Holdings Owners and the Charity shall be an amount equal to the sum of (I) (x) Actual Unit Sale Taxes with respect to such Person, minus (y) Estimated Stock Sale Taxes with respect to such Person, plus (II) an amount equal to the aggregate additional income Tax that such Person will

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incur as a result of  receipt of the amounts required to be paid by Buyer to such Person under this Section 6.7, plus (III) the reasonable and documented out-of-pocket fees and expenses incurred by such Person in connection with the preparation, negotiation and finalization of the Tax Adjustment Statement, the Final Tax Adjustment Statement or the provisions of this Section 6.7 (in each case whether or not incurred before or after the date hereof), minus (IV) the Estimated Share Sale Transfer Taxes with respect to such Person, and shall be subject to adjustment as set forth in Section 6.7(d); provided that (i) in no event shall the Tax Adjustment Amount include any Taxes resulting from a breach of a representation or warranty of the HTA Sellers or the breach of any representation, warranty, or covenant with respect to Tax matters (including those contained in Section 3.17 and 5.1(o) of this Agreement), and (ii) the Tax Adjustment Amount, as finally determined in accordance with this Section 6.7, shall be final and binding among the Parties.  If the Tax Adjustment Amount with respect to the HTA Holdings Owners or the Charity is a positive number, the Buyer shall pay to such Person the amounts with respect to such Person set forth in this Section 6.7(a)(ii) in the manner specified in Section 6.7(c).  If the Tax Adjustment Amount is negative with respect to the HTA Holdings Owners or the Charity, no amounts shall be payable by the Buyer to such Person pursuant to this Section 6.7.  For the avoidance of doubt, the respective Tax Adjustment Amount (and the calculations therefor) with respect to each of the HTA Holdings Owners and the Charity are independent of each other and neither will be netted against the other for determining the amounts payable under this Section 6.7; provided, that solely with respect to the Charity, the Tax Adjustment Amount will be capped at a maximum of 4.40% of the HTA Holdings Owners’ Tax Adjustment Amount.

(b)Estimation and Review.  

(i)Examination.  After receipt of the Tax Adjustment Statement, the Buyer shall have twenty (20) days (the “Tax Adjustment Review Period) to review the Tax Adjustment Statement.  During the Tax Adjustment Review Period, the Buyer and its Representatives, upon prior written request of the Buyer, shall have reasonable access to the respective books and records and work papers of HTA Holdings and the HTA Sellers (or their direct or indirect owners) and any work papers of such Persons’ independent accounting firms, in each case, to the extent used in connection with the preparation of, or otherwise reasonably relevant to the review of, the Tax Adjustment Statement.

(ii)Objection.  On or prior to the last day of the Tax Adjustment Review Period, the Buyer may object to the Tax Adjustment Statement by delivering to HTA Holdings a written statement setting forth the Buyer’s objections in reasonable detail, indicating each disputed item or amount and the basis for the Buyer's disagreement therewith (the “Tax Adjustment Statement of Objections”). If Buyer fails to deliver the Tax Adjustment Statement of Objections before the expiration of the Tax Adjustment Review Period, the Tax Adjustment Statement and the Tax Adjustment Amount, if any, reflected in the Tax Adjustment Statement shall be deemed to have been accepted by Buyer.  If the Buyer delivers the Tax Adjustment Statement of Objections before the expiration of the Tax Adjustment Review Period, the HTA Holdings Owners and the Charity, as the case may be, and the Buyer shall negotiate in good faith to resolve such objections within fifteen (15) days after the delivery of the Tax Adjustment Statement of Objections (the “Tax Adjustment Resolution Period).  If all of the matters set forth in the Tax Adjustment Statement of Objections are resolved within the Tax Adjustment Resolution Period, the Tax Adjustment Statement and the Tax Adjustment Amount with such

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changes as may have been previously agreed in writing by the HTA Holdings Owners and the Charity, as the case may be, and the Buyer, shall be final and binding and, if required, the applicable Tax Returns shall be revised accordingly to reflect such resolution.

(iii)Resolution of Disputes.  If the HTA Holdings Owners or the Charity, as the case may be, and the Buyer fail to reach an agreement with respect to all of the matters set forth in the Tax Adjustment Statement of Objections before expiration of the Tax Adjustment Resolution Period, then any amounts remaining in dispute (“Disputed Tax Adjustment Amounts ) will be submitted for resolution to the Independent Accounting Firm who will resolve the Disputed Tax Adjustment Amounts only and make any adjustments to the Tax Adjustment Amount and the Tax Adjustment Statement necessary to reflect such resolution of any Disputed Tax Adjustment Amounts. The parties hereto agree that all adjustments shall be made without regard to materiality. The Independent Accounting Firm will only decide the specific items under dispute by the parties and its decision for each Disputed Tax Adjustment Amount must be within the range of values assigned to each such item in the Tax Adjustment Statement and the Tax Adjustment Statement of Objections, respectively.  

(iv)Fees of the Independent Accounting Firm. The fees and expenses of the Independent Accounting Firm shall be borne by the Buyer, on the one hand, and the HTA Holdings Owners and the Charity, as the case may be, on the other hand, in proportion to the relative difference between the amounts asserted by each such Party in the applicable dispute and the final amounts as determined by the Independent Accounting Firm, which proportionate allocation shall be determined by the Independent Accounting Firm at the time that the Independent Accounting Firm determines the merits of the matters submitted

(v)Determination by Independent Accounting Firm. The Independent Accounting Firm shall make a determination as soon as practicable within thirty (30) days (or such other time as the parties hereto shall agree in writing) after its engagement, and its resolution of the Disputed Tax Adjustment Amounts and adjustments to the Tax Adjustment Statement and/or the Tax Adjustment Amount shall be conclusive and binding upon the parties hereto.

(c)Payment of Tax Adjustment Amount.  If the Tax Adjustment Amount (as determined under Section 6.7(b)) is a positive number for the HTA Holdings Owners or the Charity, then the Buyer shall pay the applicable Tax Adjustment Amount to such Person(s) within five (5) Business Days of the later of the Tax Adjustment Statement becoming final and the final determination of the Net Adjustment Amount; provided that the Buyer may offset against the payment of the Tax Adjustment Amount by any due but unpaid amounts owed to it by the Sellers under this Agreement.  Such Tax Adjustment Amounts shall be used to pay the estimated taxes of the HTA Holdings Owners and the Charity with respect to the sale of the HTA Units to Buyer pursuant to the transactions set forth in this Agreement.  

(d)True-up to Tax Adjustment Amount.  As promptly as reasonably practicable following the end of calendar year 2018, HTA Holdings shall prepare, or cause to be prepared, and deliver to the Buyer a second Tax Adjustment Statement (the “Final Tax Adjustment Statement”), setting forth the calculation of the respective Tax Adjustment Amount for each of the HTA Holdings Owners and the Charity, taking into account any changes of

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applicable Law (including rate changes), for the purposes of finally-determining the Tax Adjustment Amount with respect to each such Person.  Such Final Tax Adjustment Statement shall be prepared, reviewed and determined in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 6.7(b), mutatis mutandis.  If the Tax Adjustment Amount for either Person as set forth in the Final Tax Adjustment Statement is greater than the Tax Adjustment Amount set forth in the Tax Adjustment Statement for such Person, Buyer shall pay to the HTA Holdings Owners or the Charity, as applicable, the amount of such excess(es).  If such Person’s Tax Adjustment Amount as set forth in the Final Tax Adjustment Statement is less than such Person’s Tax Adjustment Amount as set forth in the Tax Adjustment Statement, HTA Holdings Owners or the Charity, as applicable, shall pay to Buyer the amount of such shortfall within five (5) Business Days of the Final Tax Adjustment Statement becoming final.

(e)Post-Payment Audit.  If as a result of any Action by a Governmental Authority the aggregate Actual Unit Sale Taxes is determined pursuant to a “final determination” within the meaning of Section 1313(a) of the Code to differ from the amount set forth in the Final Tax Adjustment Statement resulting in a corresponding increase or decrease in the Tax Adjustment Amount contained in such statement (“Modified Tax Adjustment Amount), HTA Holdings or the Charity, as applicable, shall promptly notify Buyer in writing of the amount of such Actual Unit Sale Taxes and any Modified Tax Adjustment Amount.  Within five (5) Business Days of receipt of such notice, Buyer shall pay to the HTA Holdings Owners or the Charity, as applicable, the amount of the excess of the Modified Tax Adjustment Amount over the Tax Adjustment Amount contained in the Final Tax Adjustment Statement and the HTA Holdings Owners or the Charity, as applicable, shall pay to Buyer the excess of the Tax Adjustment amount contained in the Final Tax Adjustment Statement over the Modified Tax Adjustment Amount and any interest, penalties or other cos